Aphelandra is a very beautiful bushy ornamental plant., belonging to the family of acanthus. Its homeland is the rainforests of South and North America.
Aphelandra reaches a height of 50-60 cm, at home she lives from one to three years, and then begins to shed her leaves.
Aphelandra: bloom features
- Particular attention is attracted by the beautiful leaves of this plant: tough enough, corrugated, deep green with light streaks. White spots placed on the entire surface of the leaf add special beauty to the leaves of afelandra.
- Afelandra begins to bloom in early summer and continues to bloom until October. During this period, spike-shaped inflorescences appear on the plant, reaching a width of up to 15 cm with quadrangular bracts. Small yellow flowers appear only for a few days, although the inflorescence itself does not fade within three months.
- If at the right time not to remove the withering inflorescences, then the seeds begin to form on it and the plant subsequently dies. In total there are about 50 species of this plant, but despite this, at home, you can grow only one type of this plant - this is an apelanda sticking out. This kind of apandery leaves are so adorable that it looks great even during the flowering period.
butAfelandra is a very capricious plant that requires a lot of patience and care in its care. It needs the utmost attention, then, under all conditions, it grows and develops very quickly.
Growing afelandra at home
- The ideal condition for growing afandra at home - This is a well-lit place in warm and humid rooms and greenhouses. Despite the increased love of this plant to the light, it must be protected from direct sunlight. If you decide to place the afelandra on the south window, then it should be pritenyat it from 11 to 17 hours.
- In the summer, it is advisable to bring the aflandra to the open air. If you do not have such an opportunity, then the room in which the plant is located must be aired regularly. In the autumn time, afelandre requires abundant lighting, and during this period there is no need for shading.
- To create the desired level of flower lighting, you can resort to the use of fluorescent lamps - they can be placed at a distance of 50-70 cm from the plant itself. In this case, artificial lighting must be maintained for at least 8 hours a day. If the flower lacks light, it will start to bloom and stretch badly.
- Aphelandra loves warmth, therefore, in summer the temperature in the room where the flower is located should not be below 22-25 ° C, and in winter it should not fall below 20 ° C.
- In the spring time of the year, the apterland must be plentifully and often watered, not forgetting to follow the soil - it should not be over-moistened. Waterlogging of the soil as well as its drying is dangerous for afelandra. With the onset of winter, watering the plant should be reduced, but at the same time the land should not dry out.
- When watering a plant, water should not fall on its leaves. Aphelandra loves air with high humidity. Therefore, it must often be sprayed, for this a sprayer with the smallest holes and warm distilled water is perfect.
- In order to increase the level of humidity, it is best to place the pot with the plant in a container with wet peat, pebbles or expanded clay. Starting from spring to late autumn, the afander must be regularly fed with mineral and organic fertilizers. In terms of feeding, this plant is unpretentious: it will be enough to purchase any fertilizer for indoor plants of normal concentration.
Diseases and pests of afelandry
- Like most houseplants, an afelandra, with improper or inadequate care, is at risk of harm from various pests: worms, soft or hemispherical false protectors. The latter are usually infested on the leaves, stems and petioles of the plant. Having settled along the veins of a flower, adult spine shakers, as well as their larvae, suck aphander juice, after which the leaves of the plant begin to deform, lose color and fall off. To save the flower, you must manually collect all insects, and then treat the plant with karbofos.
- If the flower is affected by the greenhouse worm, then it will immediately be noticeable - the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off, the growth of the afelandra slows down. To help the plant, it is necessary to collect the cheeks manually, rinse the afelandra in water, and then treat with an actellic or roger.
- During the watering around the plant you can see wingless insects jumping - these are centipedes. They are practically harmless, only sometimes young stalks of apelandra can gnaw. In order to prevent their occurrence, it is necessary to water the soil with a rotor.
- If you weaken the care for afelandra, then it can get verticillous wilting, this disease manifests itself in wilting and discoloration of the lower leaves, and after - in the wilting of the whole plant, because, as a result of this disease, the apendra's vessels are blocked by a disease-causing fungus. This disease cannot be cured, the diseased plant will have to be destroyed.
- If the flower begins to shed dry leaves, this is a sign of lack of moisture, drafts, cold air, or direct sunlight.
- If the tips of the leaves of the plant begin to dry out and turn brown, this is a sign of air deficiency. To fix this, add a little wet peat to the flower pot, and try to spray the plant with water more often.
- In early spring, the afelandra must be transplanted, in the process of which the plant should be severely cut. Then you need to follow the simple rules of care - regularly spray the leaves and ventilate the room where the alandra is located.
See also: What you need to know about growing afelandra?
Observing these simple rules, you can grow in your home a gorgeous aflandra, which will please the eye and create comfort in the home!