By and large, vomiting is a normal reaction of the child’s body to the penetration of harmful substances into the gastrointestinal tract, from which the stomach is trying to get rid of immediately. His goal - to cleanse the body of toxins and pathogens of painful spasms. And our goal as parents is to prevent dehydration of the child’s body and calm stomach cramps.
What should parents do in this case? Should I give the child something from vomiting? What antiemetic for children will be the most effective? Let's understand these issues together.
When should an antiemetic be given to a child?
Most often, vomiting in young children appears due to food poisoning. Food, water, and everything that we consume is not sterile. The surface of products is a normal habitat for billions of different bacteria, and they, of course, get inside us every day. But then nothing happens, because our body has a natural arsenal of means of neutralizing harmful microbes.
However, a person, in turn, has a lot of opportunities and ways to circumvent these protective functions of the body. These include:
- poor chewing of food, swallowing large chunks;
- binge eating;
- neutralization of gastric juice with alkaline drinks;
- dirty hands;
- non-compliance with food storage regulations;
- insufficient temperature processing of products.
Anyway, getting into the stomach, harmful bacteria violate digestion and cause inflammation of the intestinal mucous membrane. One of the causative agents of intestinal infection is rotavirus. It can be assumed that it is called so because it enters the body through the mouth. But this is a misconception. Its name comes from the Latin rota - wheel, since this virus has the shape of a wheel.
As already mentioned, with the help of vomiting, the body protects itself against intestinal infections and tries to get rid of unwanted fauna. To interrupt this process at the very beginning should not be, on the contrary, it is necessary to provide all possible assistance - wash the stomach. To do this, you need to consume more fluid. However, not all children with vomiting agree to drink a lot. In this case, you can offer the child to drink a little, but more often, or resort to using an enema.
An antiemetic for children with rotavirus is prescribed by a doctor if the measures taken for washing the stomach do not give the expected effect.
Review and characteristics of drugs for children
With prolonged vomiting, there is a danger of dehydration and depletion of the body. To prevent this, use antiemetic drugs. Such means, as a rule, have a highly targeted effect on various systems and organs:
- affect nerve activity, in particular, blocking dopamine and serotonin receptors;
- act as local anesthetics, relieving spasm and stopping reflex contractions of the muscles of the stomach;
- block the action of the active chemicals of the vegetative system, through which impulses are transmitted from the nerve endings to the muscles.
Today, pharmacies offer many anti-emetic drugs. On leave most of them do not require a prescription, which does not mean the possibility of self-treatment, especially when it comes to the health of the child. Using the drug, only because the neighbor recommended, it is possible not only not to improve the patient's condition, but also to harm him. For example, antiemetic neuroleptics vomiting, perhaps, will stop, but they will inject the patient into a depressive state. They can cause inhibited reactions, drowsiness, dry mouth or lower blood pressure. Do not recommend taking these drugs to children under 15 years of age.
Consider the pharmacological agents commonly prescribed by pediatricians for treating intestinal infections in children.
Calibration of vomiting
The active ingredient of Cerucal is metoclopramide. This substance blocks the action of serotonin and dopamine receptors, and also suppresses the nerve impulses of the brain. As a result, the muscle tone of the digestive tract is normalized and the vomiting reflex is eliminated.
The medicine is made in the form of injections and tablets. During the day it is recommended to take this drug in an amount not exceeding 25 mg of the active substance. His appointment to children up to three years is not shown, because metoclopramide hydrochloride has a negative side effect on health at that age. Calicable take half an hour before meals.
Motilium for children
The active ingredient of this drug is domperidone. This antiemetic is taken 20 minutes before meals and is quickly absorbed. Dosage form - tablets and suspensions for oral administration. In the form of a suspension, the drug is permitted to children from the moment of birth. Tablets are shown only when the weight of the child is above 35 kg.
Enterofuril for children
Antimicrobial agent, the active substance of which is nifuroxazide. Available in the form of capsules with a soluble shell and suspension. It is recommended for children from one month. Up to seven years old is taken as a suspension. The dosage is selected individually, depending on the age category. The drug is not absorbed in the body, so it is not recommended to combine it with taking sorbents for vomiting and diarrhea. The main side effect is that it causes dysbacteriosis.
In conclusion, another recommendation. Vomiting will definitely stop. When your child becomes easier, do not rush to feed him with pickles. Start with a simple gelatin jelly. This product is rich in carbohydrates, tasty and easy to digest. For jelly, offer the child crackers or crackers. Health to you and your children!