Until recently, it was believed that cystitis is not necessarily treated with antibiotics. It should have been carried out with the proper diet, proper regimen and as a result of the general strengthening of the immune system. However, now most doctors are inclined to believe that it is better to eliminate cystitis using antibiotics, because there is always the danger that acute cystitis will become chronic, which will be much more difficult to treat.
What is cystitis?
Cystitis occurs in acute and chronic form. The acute form is characterized by the sudden onset of inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bladder. Sometimes such inflammation can occur literally immediately after an organ has been acted upon by any factor provoking the onset of cystitis. When carrying out incorrect measures for the treatment of acute cystitis, the disease can spill over into the chronic form. In chronic cystitis, the symptoms of this disease are much less pronounced.
Infectious pathogens, such as streptococci and enterococci, can also cause this disease, it can also cause it and other similar pathogens. It can also occur noninfectious cystitis. Its appearance is due to the effect on the bladder of various chemical and medicinal products, as well as foreign bodies.
Symptoms of cystitis are extremely unpleasant.. In this disease, frequent urination occurs, which are accompanied by pain. Urine becomes turbid. In severe forms of cystitis, fever may occur, nausea may occur, and a milky sediment may occur in the urine. Read more about this in the articles Cystitis in women: Symptoms and Cystitis in men: Symptoms and Treatment.
Treatment of acute cystitis with antibiotics
If acute cystitis is not treated with antibiotics, it is likely that it will manifest itself over time. And, as you know, this already suggests that the disease has acquired a chronic form. Acute cystitis should be treated immediately.. This disease requires an early decision, sometimes without first checking the condition of the urine and the sensitivity of the pathogen to antibiotics.
Until recently, this urgency brought a lot of problems, because not all drugs can kill these or other pathogens. However, now in service with the doctors is such a drug as "Monural". It is a universal antibiotic for the treatment of lower urinary tract infections. This antibiotic is perfect for emergency treatment, because it is universal.
"Monural" - a drug whose action covers a wide range of pathogens. The drug shows the necessary activity against most of them. This antibiotic fights well with pathogens of acute cystitis (staphylococcus, Proteus and Escherichia coli). In addition to "Monural" significantly less than other antibiotics, there is immunity of pathogens. One of the main advantages of the drug is that in order for it to work, a single dose is enough. The drug is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream and enters the kidneys unchanged. High concentration of the drug is found throughout the day in the urine and contributes to the death of the entire pathogenic microflora.
"Monural" can be administered twice, if you have a severe form of cystitis. The main mechanism of action of this drug is blocking the action of enzymes that are involved in the formation of the cell walls of infectious agents.
For the human body, this medicine is practically harmless. Due to the fact that it does not have a toxic effect on the body, "Monural" can be taken even during pregnancy (read about this in the article Monural during pregnancy). The drug can not be used for individual intolerance, children under 5 years old, people who suffer from severe renal dysfunction, and lactating mothers, as the drug will be excreted with their milk.
After the treatment, it is necessary to do a urinalysis to check for the presence of cystitis pathogens - the so-called control of cure.
Treatment of chronic cystitis with antibiotics
Treatment of chronic forms of cystitis - the exact opposite of the treatment of the acute form. In chronic cystitis, treatment begins with a full examination, as a result of which all the possible causes of the appearance of the chronic form of cystitis are revealed. Most often, these causes are pathogenic changes in the urinary tract. Antibiotics for chronic cystitis are prescribed only after a thorough examination of the urine for the presence of pathogens.
In chronic inflammation "Monural" is used much less frequently. This is explained by the fact that in this case, the infection has developed a fairly strong defense mechanism, and it will not be possible to destroy it even by taking the antibiotic twice a day. For the treatment of chronic forms of cystitis most often used drugs of the fluoroquinolone group, such as "Norfloxacin", "Ofloxacin", "Ciprofloxacin".
These drugs have pronounced antibacterial actions in relation to most of the causative agents of infections of the lower urinary tract. Such drugs practically do not produce bacteria immunity. The advantage of these drugs is the fact that they are able to act even against such a strong "enemy" as the pyocyanic stick. Previously, this pathogen almost did not respond to treatment.
Correct selection of the dosage and frequency of use of fluoroquinols will help to remove pathogens. These antibiotics, like most drugs of this kind, block the function of enzymes that are responsible for building bacterial cells. These drugs act very quickly, not allowing bacteria to adapt to the changes that have occurred.
Taking drugs of this kind can disrupt the correct course of the formation of the bone skeleton, so it should not be taken at the age of 15 years. During pregnancy, the use of these drugs is permitted only if the mother’s illness has threatened the life of the child. If you are breastfeeding, it is better to stop this process while taking the drug. You can resume feeding after you complete the full course of treatment. In addition, fluoroquinols are contraindicated to use with their individual intolerance.
Any doctor can prescribe any antibiotics from this group. These medicines are strong enough and have side effects that can adversely affect the health of your internal organs. After the treatment, monitoring of cure is obligatory.
Remember that if you have signs of cystitis, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor. Only you can prescribe treatment. Treat your health properly. Take care of yourself and take care of yourself!