Inflammation of the appendages of the ovaries and uterus is a common and dangerous disease. Women do not always fully understand his perfidy and do not go to the doctor for fear of surgery. At the same time, inflammation is well treated with antibiotics. In this article, we will look at options and treatment regimens using this category of drugs.
What is inflammation of the appendages?
Inflammation of the ovarian or fallopian tubes is a rare disease. The most common inflammation of the appendages. In medical terminology, it is called adnexitis. Gradually, two more terms came into use: salpingitis (inflammation of the tubes) and oophoritis (inflammation of the ovarian membrane). Sometimes you can find a combination of the last two words - salpingo-oophoritis. Tricks are the genitals that are located near the uterus and are adjacent to it. These include:
- the ovaries;
Inflammation can "come" in this part of the body in three ways:
- ascending (infection from the vagina rises into the uterus, and then into the tubes);
- descending (inflammation of the abdominal cavity goes to the appendages);
- hematogenous (penetration of microorganisms in the region of the appendages through the blood).
The cause of inflammation is most often an infection in the background of a weakened immunity. Hypothermia is only an indirect factor that can trigger a malfunction of the immune system. Also cause inflammation can:
- allergic to semen, lubricant or latex condoms, contraceptives;
- GHA (type of X-ray).
Symptoms of inflammation
The very first symptom that speaks of inflammation of the appendages is severe pain in the lower abdomen. Among the accompanying signs note:
- diarrhea, pain when urinating;
- high temperature;
- headache and dizziness.
Symptoms appear several days after infection. Signs of salpingoophoritis are very similar to acute appendicitis, peritonitis, renal or intestinal colic. Learn also about the symptoms of ovarian cyst.
If you do not carry out timely treatment, the acute form of infection becomes chronic. Symptoms become less pronounced and manifest as pains in the lower abdomen, which give in the back, or unpleasant sensations when pressing on the sides of the uterus. This condition is quite tolerable, and patients may not pay attention to it. However, if chronic inflammation is started or not repaired, it will lead to infertility.
Antibiotic treatment for inflammation of the appendages
To detect inflammation of the appendages, the doctor uses three methods. It:
- bacteriological analysis of vaginal flora;
Only a doctor can determine which antibiotics for inflammation of the appendages to use after confirming the diagnosis. Medications are selected depending on the type of pathogen and can be adjusted during therapy. Consider some of the most frequently prescribed representatives of different antibiotic groups.
In the recent past, treatment was mainly carried out with antibiotics of the tetracycline group, but most bacteria have become resistant to these drugs. In addition, many of these drugs are characterized by a host of side effects. However, among the tetracycline physicians, doxycycline is often prescribed for inflammation of the appendages. Instructions for use recommends using it 2 tablets twice a day.
Another effective antibacterial drug is metronidazole. Instructions for use recommends using it 1 tablet 3 times a day. This is a broad-spectrum antibiotic, so only a doctor should determine the final dose to eliminate inflammation of the appendages.
This type of antibiotics differs from tetracyclines by the slow period of disintegration and the ability to accumulate in the body. As a result, recovery is much faster. Azithromycin is a popular treatment for treating appendages. Instructions for use of this drug recommends its use 2 hours before or after meals, 2 tablets per day. Another antibiotic of this group is Sumamed. It affects bacteria and is taken at 10 mg per pound of weight.
Group of cephalosporins (derived from fungi)
A representative of this category of cefazolin is administered intravenously. Dosage and duration of therapy depend on the severity of the inflammatory process. Ceftriaxone is also administered intravenously over the course of a week.
Amoxiclav and amoxicillin - antibiotics of the penicillin group. The drug is administered on a tablet three times a day. The drug can also be administered intravenously in the form of a solution of 600 mg of the drug in 10 ml of water.
Another effective antimicrobial drug is gentamicin. It is administered intravenously. The treatment period is 7-10 days.
As a rule, antibiotics for inflammation of the appendages are prescribed in combination with each other.
The following scheme is most effective:
- penicillins that affect the living in an oxygen environment flora (macrolides,
- cephalosporins, amoxicillin);
- metronidazole and its derivatives;
- antifungal medication (nystatin).
- Ibuprofen and other NSAIDs may be given to relieve pain.
- Vitamins C, B, E are recommended to strengthen the immunity.
- If you are allergic to the action of microbes, Suprastin and other anhistamines are used.
- An important role is played by physiotherapy (UHF, electrophoresis, ultraviolet irradiation of blood).
- For the period of treatment, it is desirable to abandon the intimate relationship and ensure maximum
- physical and psychological peace.
If conventional antibiotic treatment does not work, surgery is prescribed. Do not bring the disease to the need for extreme measures. Timely treatment to the doctor and regular visits to the gynecologist is the best prevention of inflammation of the appendages. And if the disease is still overtaken, patients have at their disposal a whole range of effective antibiotics of different groups, the use of which, according to the tested regimens, in many cases solves the problem.