Red, tired eyes, pain and pain - such troubles can trap everyone. Their causes are eye strain, infectious diseases, stress, lack of sleep. To restore sight, get rid of pain and redness, it is enough to use anti-inflammatory eye drops. How can they help, and what with - harm?
What do anti-inflammatory eye drops do?
These are topical preparations. They effectively relieve swelling, redness and help prevent scarring in the eye tissue. All drops with anti-inflammatory capabilities fall into three categories:
- nonsteroidal. They relieve inflammation, anesthetize, provide antipyretic effect, inhibit platelet aggregation;
- hormonal. These are hormones of the endocrine glands. In addition to the above actions, they eliminate the symptoms of allergies;
- combined. Their components are nonsteroidal drugs, antibiotics and corticosteroids. They fight inflammation and bacterial infection, and also produce an antiviral effect.
These are serious medicines that you cannot prescribe yourself. Their functional properties are almost identical.
Indications and contraindications for use
Drops are shown in such cases:
- pain, redness and burning caused not by fatigue, but by pathological processes or infection;
- blepharitis, conjunctivitis, keratitis, scleritis;
- inflammation of the eye vessels;
- iridocyclitis - inflammation of the iris and ciliary body;
- prevention of inflammation after surgery.
Before you begin to treat your eyes, you should consult with your doctor and read the instructions. Otherwise, instead of relief, you can earn unpleasant and even dangerous complications.
When can not use drops? To refuse them is necessary in such cases:
- in the presence of glaucoma;
- if tuberculous and fungal diseases of the eye are diagnosed;
- intolerance to the components of the drug;
Do not forget that for each drug has its own specific contraindications.
What to buy to recover, but do not go broke?
If your eyes are inflamed, then many go to the pharmacy for a specific purpose - to buy cheap anti-inflammatory eye drops, but effective. These two criteria in varying degrees, correspond to the following drugs:
- Levomitsetin (17-24 rubles);
- Albucid (85 rub.);
- Dexamethasone (55-92 rubles);
- Diplomed (130-160 rubles);
- Sofradex (160 rubles);
- Floksal (180-190 rubles);
- Tobreks (150-220 rubles);
- Indokollir (280-300 rubles.).
Let us dwell on the therapeutic "abilities" and the rules for using some of them.
Albucid eye drops: instructions for use, contraindications, storage
These drops are familiar to very many. They are sold in a sterile vial, the volume of which is 5-10 ml. Albucidum is an antimicrobial agent belonging to the category of sulfonamides. In 1 ml is from 20 (in this concentration means is used for young patients) to 30 mg of sulfacetamide (for adults). The drug is indicated in the treatment of inflammatory eye diseases that are provoked by microorganisms sensitive to it: pathogenic cocci, E. coli, chlamydia, actinomycetes.
Plus medication - one contraindication: hypersensitivity to its components. The recommended scheme of use is to bury 2-3 drops 5 to 6 times a day until complete recovery.
Side effects are also a bit - irritation, which is expressed in redness of the eyes or the appearance of edema. Attention: after you have opened the bottle, it is allowed to store it only for 28 days at a temperature of 8 to 15 degrees.
Tobrex: key features
Very often with eye inflammation, ophthalmologists prescribe Tobrex - eye drops. Instructions for use informs that it is an antibiotic that is active against a large number of bacteria. Its main active ingredient is tobramycin.
Drops work locally, not absorbed into the bloodstream. The tool is prescribed to both adults and children (from 1 year) for the treatment of conjunctivitis, blepharitis, keratitis and other infectious and inflammatory lesions of the eye. They can bury their eyes and barley. This should be done as follows: 1 drop 4-5 times a day; therapy continues for 7-10 days. If the disease is severe, then the drops are applied every hour.
Some patients may experience side effects such as tearing, itching, and conjunctival redness. Less often marked swelling and inflammation of the edges of the eyelids.
When pregnancy drops are contraindicated.
Popular "rescuers" of our eyes
Dexametosan has earned a good reputation in patients. It helps, but it should be applied strictly according to the doctor’s prescription and the prescribed time, as it is possible addiction. The drops are packaged in sterile vials with a dropper cap. When instilled, the active element (dexamethasone) penetrates the epithelium and eliminates inflammation. The effect is noticeable within 8 hours after application. Used in the usual way: 1-2 drops to the conjunctive cavity no more than 4 times per day.
Another drug of the same spectrum, which occupies a high place in the ranking of doctors and patients, is Sofradex. It contains hormones and antibiotics. Created on the basis of framycetin, it also contains dexamethasone and gremicitin. Sold in bottles of dark glass, equipped with a pipette. Able to inhibit gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Quickly removes pain and swelling, produces an antihistamine effect. Drip should be 2 drops 6 times a day.
The list of eye drops with anti-inflammatory effect is far from exhausted by the listed preparations. Of course, one should choose a medicine not only on the basis of its cost, but also taking into account the recommendations of a specialist. And one more important note: with long-term use, these drugs can cause the development of eye pathologies. Therefore, do not forget that it is the prerogative of knowledgeable ophthalmologists to treat the eyes.