In everyday life, we call this unpleasant state differently - intestinal or gastric upset, diarrhea, diarrhea, or loose stools. Regardless of the name, the symptoms of this disease are always almost the same, but the nature of the origin is different. Today we will talk on a delicate topic. So, diarrhea in an adult: causes and treatment.
We learn the answer to a delicate question
Diarrhea or so-called diarrhea in an adult can have various causes of origin. Before we consider what factors can cause a violation of the chair, let's understand that diarrhea is not a disease and not a pathology, but just a symptom that indicates the development of the disease.
In a normal state in the process of defecation in an adult, between 130 and 300 g of fecal matter is released. We are talking about diarrhea, when the stool acquires a liquid consistency and is almost 90% water. And if a middle-aged adult normally tolerates such a condition and quickly returns to its original form, then children and the elderly can get sick with other illnesses against the background of diarrhea.
If diarrhea happened once, most likely, the body simply got rid of undigested food, because many people have a violation of the chair after a meal with fatty foods, and even in combination with carbonated or alcoholic beverages. If diarrhea is observed systematically for 21 days, then we are talking about an acute form of the problem. And when loose stools appear for more than three weeks, doctors already talk about the chronic form of symptoms.
It is important to remember that self-administration of pharmacological agents can be harmful. Most high-speed drugs have a negative effect on intestinal peristalsis, therefore, treatment of diarrhea should be carried out correctly, following the doctor's instructions. We will return to this a little later, but now let's talk about the reasons for such an unpleasant phenomenon.
Frequent diarrhea in adults can cause the following reasons:
- slight food poisoning;
- removal of food heavy for the stomach;
- allergic reactions, in particular, intolerance to certain foods;
- medications that have a laxative effect;
- experiencing a stressful situation;
- a sharp change in the climatic zone.
If you associate the emerging diarrhea with one of the above reasons, then it should spontaneously pass within 3-4 days. But when diarrhea lasts longer, and you notice blood admixture in the fecal masses or, on the contrary, they become watery, you should immediately contact a medical institution. In this case, diarrhea can be the main symptom of one of the following ailments:
- the development of infections associated with the reproduction of the simplest microorganisms, for example, Salmonella, E. coli, etc .;
- lack of food enzymes;
- pathology of the digestive tract;
- severe poisoning, for example, with mercury vapor;
- ulcerative colitis;
- hepatitis, etc.
As medical practice shows, if diarrhea is associated with mild poisoning or insufficient digestion of food, additional symptoms may not appear. In some cases, an active process of formation of excess gases begins in the intestinal cavity, which doctors call meteorism.
If diarrhea is a sign of a serious illness, then the person may experience the following symptoms:
- increased low-grade fever;
- gag reflexes;
If the above symptoms appear, the patient should be given emergency care, otherwise dehydration may develop, which is accompanied by dangerous symptoms, in particular:
- dryness of mucous membranes and skin;
- lip cracking;
- constant thirst;
- rare urge to urinate;
- change in urine color;
- convulsive phenomena;
- rapid pulse;
- a sharp decrease in blood pressure.
We treat a delicate affliction correctly
Often we notice that diarrhea has appeared with water. In adults, treatment of this condition requires a special integrated approach. Every person knows his or her body, and in the absence of alarming symptoms, it is also possible to normalize the process of defecation at home. You just need to know which pharmacological agents to choose in order not to harm yourself.
The first group of drugs that will help cope with diarrhea are adsorbing substances. Under their influence, harmful substances, toxins, decomposition products, etc. will be removed from the body. The range of pharmacological agents in this group is large today, so you can easily choose what the profile doctor or a qualified pharmacist will recommend.
Most often with diarrhea are used such sorbents:
- "Activated carbon";
- Balingin, etc.
On the first day, when a person has diarrhea, you need to immediately take an anti-inflammatory pharmacological agent that has a suppressive effect on the secretion of intestinal mucus. These drugs should include:
In order to normalize intestinal peristalsis, it is necessary to take agents that have an astringent effect. This task can be handled quite well by phyto-products, for example, oak bark, chamomile decoction, and rhizome of Potentilla.
Be sure our intestines and stomach need enzymes. Without them, we cannot overcome diarrhea and restore the functioning of the digestive tract. Specialized doctors most often prescribe the following pharmaceutical agents:
In pharmacies you can find a lot of drugs based on the active ingredient loperamide, which quickly stop diarrhea. However, such pharmaceutical preparations should be used with extreme caution, since with the development of infectious processes in the intestinal cavity, loperamide can only harm. To reduce peristalsis, it is possible to take an antispasmodic substance, for example, "No-silo".
In the treatment of diarrhea, it is impossible to do without probiotics. Of course, in violation of the natural process of defecation, due to one reason or another, beneficial bacteria left the intestines. To return them to their original place, you need to take pro-and prebiotics. These include the following drugs:
- "Enterol", etc.
Antibiotic and immunomodulatory drugs can only be prescribed by a doctor, provided that diarrhea is infectious in nature and is a symptom of the development of a serious illness.
Help your body to normalize intestinal peristalsis
We have already found out the causes of diarrhea in an adult. It remains to understand in more detail the treatment of this unpleasant and painful condition at home. In addition to taking pharmacological drugs, you can get rid of diarrhea with the help of proper, or more precisely, diet food.
The nature of the products consumed directly affects intestinal peristalsis. These days absolutely can not eat annoying foods. Thus, the following types of dishes are blacklisted:
- juices from grapes and lingonberries;
- black bread;
- fermented milk products.
It is recommended that the first day of diarrhea treatment begin with a radical starvation. The best and only dish for the whole day will be strong black sweet tea. 8-10 cups - this is your daily rate. In the next 3-4 days, your diet will also undergo tremendous changes and its basis will consist of the following foods:
- wheat crackers;
- Steamed low-fat meat or fish fillet;
- vegetable puree with the exception of cabbage;
- jelly, teas, decoctions.
During the treatment of diarrhea it is very important not only to pay attention to the diet, but also to maintain a normal water-salt balance in the body. Prevention of dehydration is carried out with the help of special solutions, such as "Regidron".
Please note: if diarrhea does not go away within a few days and at the same time your state of health has deteriorated significantly, you should immediately seek qualified medical assistance. Alarms for immediate response are also the appearance of blood impurities or discoloration of feces.
Listen to the signals of your body and remember that self-treatment is not the best way to go, but an appeal to a specialized doctor is the only right decision. Be healthy!