Chickenpox is common in children and an undesirable, though not rare, occurrence in adults. One of the most painful symptoms of this infection is a rash. It is incredibly scratched and causes discomfort. Aciclovir helps to survive this trouble without consequences. When chickenpox in children, it is less frequently prescribed, in large patients more often. Why? And how to apply it?
Why is chickenpox antiviral medication?
This question arises for many. Especially categorical representatives of the older generation, who insist that children always had chickenpox and recovered safely without such drugs.
However, although chickenpox is familiar to everyone, this is far from a harmless disease. It is caused by the herpes virus type 3 with the difficult to remember the name "varicella zoster". When it first enters the body, it provokes chicken pox, after which it moves to the nervous ganglia, where it “lives” quietly and peacefully until a gap appears in the immune system. This can lead to the activation of the virus, it will descend along the nerve channels to the skin and cause local inflammation - shingles.
To insure against such complications, acyclovir is prescribed for chickenpox. In children, it is used only if the disease is severe. If a teenager (over 12 years old) or an adult is ill, then antiviral medication will help to recover faster and prevent the dangerous effects of the infection. The use of this drug is appropriate for the treatment of chickenpox in newborns and infants, whose body is not yet able to seriously resist viruses.
Clinical practice has proven high efficacy and safety of Acyclovir. Once inside the body, this drug attacks the cells affected by herpes, destroys the DNA of viruses and prevents them from multiplying.
How to drink acyclovir to act?
You should know that acyclovir tablets for chickenpox in children and adults is prescribed during the first days from the time of the rash. Only when such a condition is fulfilled will the maximum effect from taking this medicine be obtained.
What is the scheme for acyclovir in children with chicken pox? The dosage depends on the patient's age, and only a doctor should prescribe this medicine! Recommended regimen of drug use:
- babies up to 24 months - 200 mg (1 tablet) from 2 to 3 p. per day;
- children after 2 years should drink 400 mg at a time (2 tablets) from 3 to 5 r. in a day;
- over 6 years old - 800 mg not more than 4 p. in a day.
If the disease is very difficult (the fever keeps up for a long time, all the symptoms of the infection are pronounced, the patient’s general condition deteriorates rapidly), the patient should go to the hospital where he will be given Acyclovir intravenously.
The tool is well combined with other drugs. If treatment with Acyclovir is given, the patient should drink plenty of fluids.
In addition to tablets, acyclovir ointment for chickenpox is also widely used in children. It helps to reduce itching and reduces the number of rashes, which can be seen as early as 2-3 days from the start of application. It is applied to the rash, and this should be done from the very first days of the disease. Such procedures spend 5 days, but if necessary, this period can be increased. Treat the affected skin should be at least 6 times a day.
It is categorically unacceptable to smear the product on the entire skin, as it takes part in the process of breathing. It is necessary to process only the most affected areas!
Who is not suitable for treating chicken pox acyclovir?
This medication has only two absolute contraindications: it is a hypersensitivity to the active substance and breastfeeding. If chicken pox is diagnosed in children, treatment with Acyclovir is better to start with ointment - apply a small portion of the drug to the affected area and follow the reaction of the body. This will help detect individual intolerance.
Particular caution when taking it must comply with patients with diseased kidneys, dehydration and neurological pathologies. If the tool is prescribed to young children, the treatment should be carried out under the strict supervision of a physician.
Although in most cases the drug is well perceived by both large and small patients, nevertheless, when administered as a pill, such undesirable effects from different systems and organs are possible:
- headache, weakness, hand tremor, dizziness, drowsiness, and hallucinations;
- nausea, vomiting, loose stools, abdominal pain, liver dysfunction;
- in rare cases, baldness;
- allergic skin reactions;
- decrease in white blood cells and red blood cells.
What do the patients themselves say?
So what to do - still smear the sick child and yourself from head to foot with green paint or use Acyclovir? When chickenpox in children reviews of its use are ambiguous. Many parents give it "for safety net" even to preschoolers with an uncomplicated form (although many doctors, including Komarovsky, oppose this). As for the ointment, then one she helped very well, it did not even take Fukortsin and green stuff. But for others it turned out to be useless. So in this matter everything is individual.
By the way, it is quite another thing when it comes to adults: Acyclovir has already received a higher rating. Many are convinced that thanks to this drug, children’s infection was transferred quite easily and without dangerous continuation. And the ointment has become an excellent alternative to "coloring" the body in green or pink.
So, if you or your child picked up chicken pox, do you need to run to the pharmacy for Acyclovir? On this occasion, conducted serious research. Their results are as follows: after 12 years, taking this drug at the first signs of the disease facilitates its course and prevents unpleasant consequences. But up to 12 years there is no statistical difference, so it is shown only in severe forms.