The lump in the neck, regardless of shape and size, most often turns out to be harmless and disappears without serious medical intervention. However, in rare cases, it can be the result of a serious pathology, and then a correct diagnosis is vital. In short, the bump on the neck from behind is a reason for going to the doctor.
Causes of lumps on the neck from behind and possible pathologies
Cones on the neck behind the skin, depending on the cause, can be of various shapes and sizes. Some are barely perceptible, like small and motionless peas, while others can reach the size of a tennis ball and move easily when pressed with fingers. The starting point, as a rule, is the lymph nodes, which are responsible for cleaning the body of toxins and pathogenic microbes.
The most common cause of lumps in the neck is inflammation of the lymph nodes due to bacterial or viral infection. Children are especially susceptible to this phenomenon, since their immune system is much more active than in adults. Typically, the inflammation disappears with the infection.
It should be remembered that tumors such as bumps can be benign and malignant.
The appearance of a tumor in the neck occurs in the so-called soft tissues. These include:
- connective tissue;
Benign neoplasms are clearly delineated, and often the doctor can diagnose them by their appearance. Let us dwell on this in more detail.
Lipomas consist of fat cells, have a capsule and are usually located under the skin. Why they are formed is still unclear. Probably, hereditary factors play a role, in any case, they have nothing in common with the amount of fats in the blood and they are always benign.
Lipomas can also be found in the internal organs or muscles. Some bumps, such as neurofibrolipoma, contain nerve fibers, but angiolipomas are rich in transformed vessels.
Lipoma is the formation of a sticky-looking lump under the skin. Their size can vary from small bumps to clearly marked ones. Sometimes they can cause pain or discomfort. Angiolipomas are relatively rough and painful on palpation. In some cases, they lead to a decrease in neck mobility.
Cones in the spine
The formation of cones on the neck from the back in the spine often affects women of age 35 and older. This is mainly the result of excessive physical exertion and nervous stress. When a functional failure occurs in the adrenal glands, their proliferation forms at the site of muscle tissue consolidation and a lump develops.
Another cause of benign growths is atheroma, which is known to the general public as a wen. The starting point of its occurrence is the blockage of one or more sebaceous glands. Atheromas are often formed on the scalp or neck.
Predisposition to the formation of atheroma are people with oily skin. Wen can reach hazelnut size and cause anxiety. The cause of their occurrence can also be a metabolic disorder and poor diet.
The formation of boils contribute to bacteria that multiply in the damaged area of the skin. With the development and maturation of the boil filled with pus, it becomes extremely painful and delivers many unpleasant sensations. Furunculosis carries the risk of blood poisoning as a result of the entry of purulent masses into it when inflammation is broken.
Also, a lump on the neck may occur due to a stroke and the formation of a hematoma. All of these factors can be the cause of the formation of cones on the neck behind the child.
Malignant tumors on the neck are extremely rare. If this happens, then this tumor originates in the connective tissues. A tumor is a type of sarcoma - a swelling of dermatofibrosarcoma. These tumors appear as painless bumps or a tumor. Since such tumors rarely spread, but grow aggressively, they are considered conditionally malignant.
However, there are subtypes of cones that can behave extremely unfavorably. Such tumors appear as a raised cone of a rough knotty shape, solid, brownish-yellow or reddish in color with irregular borders.
When such neoplasms are found on the neck, it is necessary to consult a specialist. The doctor will conduct an examination, after which appropriate treatment will be prescribed. When, during the examination and palpation, it is not possible to establish the cause of the inflammation, an ultrasound scan is used to determine the causes of the lump. If the result is a sign of a serious disease, a blood test may be performed, and in some cases, CT or MRI may be prescribed to clarify the diagnosis and more thoroughly examine the tumor.
The forms and methods of treatment will be determined by the causes of the occurrence of a tumor in the neck. So, the lump, which appeared due to compaction of muscle tissue due to physical exertion, is eliminated by reducing their intensity and using manual therapy. If the basis of the disease is a malfunction of the adrenal cortex, then, most likely, such a neoplasm will require surgical intervention.
Inflammation of the lymph nodes subsides as the infection that caused it is treated. Immunomodulatory therapy may be prescribed. Different type lipomas and boils require surgical removal.
Watch for changes in your body and pay attention to early signs of illness - this is one of the important requirements for the prevention of serious health problems.