Whiskey - a noble, fragrant, strong alcoholic beverage obtained by distillation, followed by aging in oak barrels. The dispute over who made the first whiskey, has been going on between the Scots and the Irish for several centuries. And although the first written mention of the drink dates back to 1494 and belongs to Scottish monks, the Irish believe that 1000 years ago, whiskey was invented by their people, and later subsequently brought to Scotland, where it was used as medicine. And what is the secret to the success of this drink? What is made of whiskey?
How and from what make whiskey?
Whiskey made from water, yeast and cereals. The water used is considered the most important factor in getting a good whiskey. It should be clear, transparent and free of impurities. Even in our time in Scotland, spring water is used in the process of making whiskey. It should be noted that Scotch whiskey has a more delicate taste, and this is due to the special properties of local waters. Also, the process of making whiskey depends on its type:
- barley is the basis of malt whiskey;
- grain whiskey made on wheat, oats or rye with the mandatory addition of malted barley;
- blended whiskey is a mixture of malt and grain drink;
- Corn whiskey is bourbon.
Malt whiskey making
The production of malt whiskey is divided into four different stages:
- production of barley malt (sprouting barley, drying with smoke);
- mixing crushed meal with hot water and getting sweet wort;
- adding yeast to the wort - fermentation;
- heating the wort and double distillation in copper cubes, followed by diluting the drink with water to the desired strength and pouring it into oak barrels for aging.
The aging process should be at least three years, otherwise, according to the laws of Scotland, the drink does not have the right to be called whiskey. Exposure varies by manufacturer, and in some elite varieties can reach 50 years.
How to make grain whiskey?
Grain whiskey has several key differences. It is a mixture of barley malt and other cereals, and in its manufacture is carried out only one stage.
Like malt, grain whiskey grows old in wooden barrels for at least three years and during this time it acquires a distinctive golden color and a softer aroma and taste. For this reason, grain whiskey is mainly used in the manufacture of a mixed drink, and several varieties are produced as a single.
The first blended whiskey was made by Andrew Asher in the 60s of the 19th century in Edinburgh. Mixing whiskey is real art. Secret recipes are developed and carefully stored by manufacturers, as well as handed down from generation to generation.
The mixture contains from 15 to 50 single whiskey. The purpose of mixing is to obtain a drink that absorbs the best qualities of malt whiskey, which has a pronounced aroma and taste, and a softer grain drink. However, whiskeys from different distilleries have their own characteristics and are not always successfully mixed with others. Excerpt drink indicate by age younger whiskey in the mixture.
What is included in corn whiskey?
Corn whiskey is produced in the United States, where it is recognized as the national drink. The process of its manufacture differs from Scotch and Irish whiskey using corn instead of barley, wheat, rye or oats, as well as aging in oak barrels burned from the inside, which gives the drink a special aroma and taste.
How to choose a whiskey?
The choice of whiskey - a difficult task. Beginner is difficult to understand immediately in the intricate tastes of the drink. Let's try to do it together and consider the famous markviski. And user feedback will help us in this.
Whiskey Jack Daniels: reviews
This whiskey belongs to elite alcohol of American origin. It is based on corn, rye and barley. According to reviews of true connoisseurs, Jack Daniels whiskey has a unique soft taste and aroma, which is caused by the filtration of the drink on charcoal.
Tart, slightly sweet taste, slightly oily and viscous. A drink that equalizes everyone: men and women, rich and poor, top managers and simple clerks.
Whiskey Jamison holds a leading position in sales among world famous brands. Triple distillation and the prevailing soft taste with herbal ease in the aftertaste brings it to the position of Ireland's most famous whiskey. Many leave reviews that this whiskey has a mild flavor, slightly giving away fruit and caramel.
World-famous Scotch whiskey. The representative of the classic aged blended whiskey. Taking the first sip, you know how good this drink is. Its taste is full of fruity sweetness with a hint of vanilla and a wonderful aftertaste.
How to drink whiskey?
Having dealt with what and how whiskey is made from, it is necessary to master the culture of its use, and also to understand the philosophy of the taste of this noble drink.
Here are some tips on whiskey:
- a bottle of whiskey needs to be slightly cooled, thus the taste of alcohols will be blunted and the whole bouquet of aromas will be displayed in the vanguard;
- obligatory glass or glass with a thick bottom;
- the drink does not tolerate any decorations from fruit and other tubules.
Whiskey is very serious and is designed for the same people. Having slightly stirred up a bottle, splash a bit of a drink into a glass. As a snack, you can use a bunch of grapes, a slice of melon, a piece of apple, peach or apricot.
Experts recommend familiarity start with Scotch whiskey. Conventionally, it can be divided into the following stages:
- "admiring", assessment of the color range of the drink;
- taste of the aromas hidden in cunning recipes of manufacturers;
- relish, delay the drink in the mouth in order to reveal the depth of the flavor bouquet;
- Sip, the purpose of which - the disclosure of the aftertaste of the drink.
On the example of acquaintance with Scotch whiskey, it can be seen that before testing a new type of drink, preparation is needed. And then the whiskey will be revealed to you in all its glory, the recipe of the production laid in it! But remember that it is impossible to abuse spirits.