Madera is a fortified wine that was first produced on the small island of Madeira. This drink belongs to the class of oxidized wines and has a pleasant complex aroma with a spicy-resinous aftertaste.
Often in the wine there is a tint of almond with hints of cherry and cognac and a hint of hazelnut with a black crust of bread. In this drink, it was possible to combine a fairly high alcohol content and low sugar content, which makes it even more refined.
Madera wine: grape varieties
For the production of wine using four main grapes of noble origin: Sersial, Boal, Verdello and Malvasia.
- Verdello - grape variety, from which a semi-sweet drink with a caramel flavor is produced. The wine from Verdello is soft, but at the same time, slightly sour.
- Sercial - This grape variety is grown in cool areas of the island of Madeira, which are located on higher ground. Sersial ripens slowly enough, they make dry wine out of it. Madera, made from this variety, rather sharp and slightly spicy, with sourness. Young wine is almost impossible to drink - it is so specific. But if you endure it for about 8 years, the unpleasant sharpness subsides, a soft and elegant taste is formed.
- Boal - quite a rare grape variety that is grown on the southern shores of the island. Wine from it turns sweetish, dulling bitter acidity. This sourness appears after a short exposure, shading notes of butter and walnut.
- Malvasia - This variety is grown in the hottest parts of Madeira. Malvasia gives full red fortified wines. Sour, present in the wine, does not spoil the drink at all, but makes it lively and rich.
- Tinta Negra Mole - Red Madeira is prepared from this variety with a light saturated taste.
- Terrantez - rare for our time grape variety, but it is very appreciated. From terranteza prepare fortified Madeira, which combines astringency and sweetness. Currently, the restoration of this variety is underway, because it is he who is the most suitable for creating a real Madeira.
Madera is a wine that connoisseurs from different countries prefer. He was appreciated by many famous personalities. So, in the historical articles mentioned that William Shakespeare was a great lover of Madeira. There is another legend associated with this drink. It is believed that the last will of Duke George Klarensky, who was sentenced to death (he could choose for himself the option of execution), was a request to drown him in a bath with sweet Madeira from Malvasia. The will of the duke was performed in 1478 in London.
Madeira wine: history
Not surprisingly, the emergence of such a wonderful drink, as Madera is associated with the legend. Wine traders from the island of Madeira transported wine barrels to India. What they could not sell, they brought back. Once, by a lucky chance, the vintners noticed that after the trip the wine acquired a completely different taste and smell, characterized by nutty notes. This is how Madera appeared!
The price for such a drink was quite high, and only members of the highest strata of society could afford to buy it.
When Madera was brought to Russia, it became very popular. According to historical data, Grigory Rasputin could drink about 6 liters of Madeira at dinner. This drink saved his life. The poison with which they wanted to poison him weakened its action under the influence of Madeira.
Madeira wine: how to drink
- Madera deserves to respect the culture of its use. This drink is recommended to drink chilled to 16 degrees. It goes well with traditional first and second courses. Wine tinged snacks from ham, liver and tongue, as well as meat and poultry dishes. In combination with these products, the drink is revealed in a completely different perspective.
- If you are a fan of non-cooled Madeira, it can be combined with desserts and coffee.
- Many wonder - What glasses to use for Madeira? The answer is simple - drink the drink properly from a tulip-shaped glass. It allows you to fully reveal the taste of wine. The height of the legs should be 5 cm, so that the glass is not heated by the heat of the palms. Filling it with a drink is recommended not completely, but 2/3. This will open a delicate bouquet of noble wine.
- It is also important to know not only how to drink Madeira, but also when to do it. No need to rush to taste the drink immediately after opening the bottle - admire its pleasant amber color and aroma, which absorbed the warmth of sunny Madeira, where the sea air and grapes gave the world a delicious wine.
Madeira wine: price
The price of this drink can vary from 900 to 14,000 rubles per bottle of 0.75 ml. The cost depends on the aging of the wine and the characteristics of the grape variety.
Madera is an aromatic and delicate wine, despite its strength. Although the drink has a peculiar taste, it has found fans all over the world. It is important to drink Madeira in due form, using glasses of a special shape tulip. Then her tart bouquet will open to you in all its glory!