The problem of cleaning the oven concerned not only the hostess, but also the manufacturers of ovens. That is why some ovens have removable doors, sliding carts, and inside the oven are covered with various types of enamel. The most convenient of these devices is the self-cleaning function.
Pyrolysis process - what is it?
If you translate the word "pyrolysis" from Latin, you get - decomposition, transformation, decoction. The method itself is very simple - the oven must be heated to a temperature of more than 480 ° C, while the dirt and grease burns and turns into ashes and after that they just need to be removed. This method, for all its simplicity - is very expensive, because few stoves will be able to withstand such heating.
Ovens in which there is a function of pyrolysis, are made of high quality materials and the most modern and best technologies, therefore, they are very expensive. In addition, it is necessary to take many measures to ensure the safety of such an instrument and for the normal operation of the pyrolysis function.
The material from which the ovens are made with the pyrolytic cleaning function is of the highest quality, otherwise the cooker will fail very quickly. Also, high-quality thermal insulation is applied so that the heating of the plate does not reach the critical temperature.
In addition, it is used additional external cooling system, to avoid the risk of heating objects near the stove.
Glasses in such ovens are specialized - hardened, thick, which can withstand sudden temperature changes. But despite this, there is a danger of burns during the pyrolytic cleaning of the oven; you shouldn’t allow children to start during the launch of the self-cleaning function of the stove, and you have to be more careful yourself. Handles of the plate during pyrolysis can also be heated up to 80 C.
Back in such ovens set the function that prevents the burning of fat inside the oven and the filter function, which ensures that the smoke and gases generated during the combustion of residues of sauces do not leak out of the oven. The coating of the inner walls of the slab is called pyrolytic enamel, it does not change color and does not lose its properties.
The process of pyrolytic cleaning of the oven
During pyrolysis, there is a lot of smoke. In order to keep the air clean, first prepare the waste smoke in the ventilation. On the back wall of the stove there is a separate exit where you can bring the pipe to release smoke. But the usual hood will not be enough. Some manufacturers embed special catalysts (for example, platinum) and heat-absorbing filters. The pyrolysis process occurs when the stove door is locked, the lock is turned off when the temperature drops below 3500 ° C, therefore, the locking mechanism of the oven is also of high quality, which does not deteriorate under such loads. After the pyrolytic cleaning, the device can only be switched on manually, since the automatic mechanism will no longer work.
Pyrolysis time takes from 90 to 150 minutes, most of which goes to the heating and cooling of the plate. In individual ovens there is a special catalyst that controls the duration of the process. A lot of electricity is spent during pyrolysis., and the process of this cleaning is very difficult for the appliance, therefore it is best to use it in cases of severe contamination of the inside of the oven. Before starting the pyrolytic cleaning of the oven, remove the trays from the oven, as well as the guides and holders of the trays so that they do not deteriorate.
Where can I find stoves with pyrolytic oven cleaning?
Pyrolytic oven cleaning is more common in built-in stoves., than in individual plates. In Russia, the suppliers of such plates are Siemens, Electrolux, Ariston, Miele, Brandt, etc., but do not forget that such plates are very expensive, therefore most of the time they are bought by very wealthy people.
For more on self-cleaning systems, see the article Catalytic cleaning of the oven.
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