Cabbage is one of the latest vegetables that are harvested from the beds. To save all its useful properties, you need to know how to store cabbage. There are several proven methods.
How to collect cabbage?
Cabbage is recommended to be collected at the end of autumn, before the first frost, by choosing a sunny day. Using a shovel, you must carefully dig up the cabbages with the root so that they do not crack. When you dig up cabbage, do not rush to cut the stalk, because they will help to keep the vegetable longer. Dug cabbage must be carefully sorted. For storage, you need to select strong, healthy cabbages without damage. Damaged, sick and with weak stalk vegetables will not be stored.
Crop cabbage, selected for storage, fold under a shed or in a well-ventilated room for a day to dry. This will help extend shelf life. When the cabbage dries, cut the roots. Do not remove all the outer leaves, be sure to leave about 3 leaves - they will save the vegetable from fungal diseases.
Read also: When and how to plant cabbage?
How best to store cabbage?
There are several ways to store this vegetable. All methods are different from each other and give a different shelf life. Choose the best for yourself to keep the harvest for a long time.
How to store cabbage in the cellar?
The best place to store cabbage is a cellar or basement. In such rooms, usually, sufficient humidity and low temperature. The most favorable temperature for storage is from -1 to +2 degrees. Humidity should be about 90 to 95 percent. Storage room must be hygienic, clean, well maintained and ventilated. There should be no mold and mildew on the walls, otherwise the cabbage will not last long.
In no event it is impossible to put cobbles in a heap so that they do not rot. For the same reason, it is not advisable to store the vegetable on the dirt floor.
There are several ways to store cabbage in the cellar:
- Cut the roots, wrap the head in several layers of newsprint. Prepared cabbages are arranged in a row on wooden shelves. It is important that they do not touch each other. This method has its drawbacks: at high humidity, the newspaper begins to get wet, and the cabbage rot.
- Wrap the cabbage in several layers of food or plastic film, firmly press the film on all sides and place the cabbages on wooden shelves or hang from the ceiling on the ropes. This method prevents moisture from entering the cabbage, as a result, it is stored for a long time.
- Pour 20 cm of dry river sand onto the floor of the cellar or basement. Stick the heads of sand into it, with the roots down. This method is simple and will keep the vegetable fresh for a long time.
- Some gardeners, before placing the cabbage in the cellar, pre-lubricate it with clay. To do this, remove the green leaves that cover it, tie a loop of twine to the head of cabbage and smear it with clay (before that, the clay is diluted in water to the thickness of the dough) so that there is no raw place on the vegetable. Clay acts as a kind of cover that protects cabbage from diseases, pests, dampness, decay, etc. The clay-covered cabbages are dried on the street, and then hung from the cellar ceiling on ropes, placed on wooden shelves or on the floor. This method of storage is very efficient, but rather laborious.
- From boards or slats, you can hammer a grid with cells (15x15 cm). Place the first layer of cabbage one cell apart. Lay the 2nd layer on the 1st, 3rd on the 2nd, etc. You should have a pyramid, at the top of which is one head. The similar way of storage will keep your harvest for a long time, since the effective ventilation of air is provided.
- Cut off the vegetable root to the very head. Put the cabbage in wooden or plastic boxes and cover it with dry river sand. This method will save your harvest from disease and decay.
- Nail the hooks to the cellar ceiling, hang the cabbages by the root so that they do not touch each other. Suspended cabbage is well ventilated, which allows it to persist for a long time.
How to store cabbage in the winter?
The easiest way to store vegetables in the winter is to put the cabbages in a bag or box. The disadvantage of this method is insufficient access of oxygen, poor ventilation and a large amount of moisture. With this method, vegetables, as a rule, will not survive for a long time and quickly rot, especially if they are poorly dried.
Another way to preserve cabbage in the winter is to build a wooden platform. Vegetables are spread on it in the form of a pyramid, which provides good ventilation and long-term preservation.
Across the entire height of the cellar, you can install wooden shelves and put cabbage on them in one row. This method is quite troublesome in execution, but covers the shortcomings of the first two.
Lay a wooden lattice on the bricks, wash it with a solution of baking soda. Spread fern leaves or straw under the trellis to keep it dry. Lay cabbage on a grid in 2-3 rows, in a staggered pattern or a pyramid - as it will be more convenient for you.
How to store fresh cabbage?
If you do not have a cellar and a basement, then several heads of cabbage can be placed in the refrigerator. Before placing the vegetable in the refrigerator, it must be tightly wrapped with cling film. As moisture accumulates in the film, it needs to be changed.
Long-term preservation of fresh cabbage in the refrigerator will provide newsprint. Wrap the head in paper, put it in a plastic bag, make several holes in it and put it in the fridge. Paper, as well as food wrap should be changed if necessary.
Cabbage can be chopped and frozen. But remember that such a vegetable is only suitable for boiling, roasting or stewing.
Cabbage is a real storehouse of vitamins and trace elements that are necessary for maintaining health. With its help, you can improve immunity and strengthen the heart and blood vessels. Thanks to different methods, you can save your harvest for a long time and prepare tasty and healthy dishes from it, even in the winter cold.