Almost all the hostesses who have their garden, think about how to store apples. These fruits can be kept all winter fresh without any processing. The secret of success is to cultivate resistant varieties of apples. So, in the middle lane the Zhiguli, Bogatyr, Antonovka and Melba are considered the best.
How to store apples: historical background
In some historical sources you can find data on the storage of apples by monks. This method allows you to save all the beneficial properties of the fruit. The secret is quite simple, after harvesting, the selected apples are dipped in melted wax, and then placed in barrels. Barrels immersed in water. Thus, apples were stored for a long time.
Today you can use this technique, but it is necessary to use wax, paraffin in this case will not work.
Some sources claim that apples can be stored directly in the garden, in a hole, but it is necessary to take into account the climatic characteristics of the area. It is from the average winter temperatures that the depth of the pit that needs to be dug depends. In warm and temperate winter climates, it should be 40-50 cm. Before putting the apples in the bottom of the pit, each fruit must be wrapped in a plastic bag to protect against parasites.
- For a successful long-term storage of apples, whether it is a cellar, a refrigerator or a balcony, it is necessary to observe certain rules during the harvesting stages, which will increase the chances of fruit preservation until spring. Initially, it is necessary to strictly and strictly observe the timing of collection. If you remove the fruit later than expected, the fruit can perespet and, accordingly, less stored.
- If you start picking ahead of schedule, then in the end the apples may not taste good.
- After the harvest time has been chosen, it is necessary to carefully pick each apple, grabbing it with the palm of your hand. It is best to pluck the fruit from the stem, which will save them from the penetration of various microorganisms into it.
- In the event that a fruit collector is used at harvest, care must be taken to ensure that there is no damage to the fetus. Why is this so important? The answer is simple, it’s all a matter of the skin, if damaged, it is easier for microorganisms to penetrate to the nourishing pulp. In this case, the process of decay will begin, which will quickly spread to the rest of the apples.
- After harvesting, immediately before storage, you should not wipe the fruits, it is desirable and important to preserve the natural wax that covered the apples - this is an additional protective mechanism and a guarantee of long-term preservation.
- Collected fruits must be quarantined for 2 - 3 weeks. At this time, it is necessary to periodically sort them, carefully inspect and remove apples with any dents and other injuries. After that, the fruit should be suitable for long-term storage.
There are a lot of tips and ways to store apples, every housewife and every gardener has his own tricks. There are generally accepted methods: one of the most popular is the use of glycerin. Before long storage, selected apples can be wiped with a clean cloth dipped in glycerin.
For storage, fruits are usually put in cardboard boxes or boxes, and then powdered with sawdust and other absorbent materials.
Apples can be stored in packets. The success of the method lies in the fact that during storage, the fruits breathe and release a certain mixture of gases. After 20–30 days, a certain concentration of them is formed in the bag, which saves the apples from premature spoilage.
The classic storage option for these fruits is considered to be storage in paper. When packing apples into paper, it is necessary to ensure that the fruit are in contact with it as little as possible, in order to prevent erasing the protective wax. It is necessary to put the fruit in rows, but not too often. Since the lower rows under the weight of the upper can be washed, thereby starting the rotting mechanism. In order to increase the shelf life of apples, it is necessary to constantly maintain approximately the same temperature.
How to store apples in the cellar? The most important rule for storing apples in the cellar is not to keep them with products that have a strong smell - onions, garlic, etc. A certain humidity of 85 - 90 degrees should be maintained in the room, and the optimal storage temperature should be zero.
It is worth remembering that even after quarantine in the first couple of months the greatest number of apples will deteriorate, for these reasons you should not forget to conduct an audit and remove the spoiled fruit.
It is best to store fruits in boxes, carefully putting them in several rows, so that the bottom row is not experiencing strong loads. It is best if the apples do not touch each other - lay parchment, paper napkins or towels between them.
The neighborhood of fruits and other vegetables and fruits deserves special attention. Ideally, for apples it is necessary to allocate a separate room. The fact is that after harvest, the apples continue to ripen and release a special gas - ethylene. It can contribute to the fact that, for example, potatoes begin to germinate faster.
In the storage of apples in the winter has its own tricks, nuances. But with all the rules, the fruits can remain intact until the spring. The most important thing is to choose the right variety, to create the required conditions, to pay special attention to the preparation of apples for storage.