Passion fruit - the fruit of the plant, which belongs to the perennial family of passion flowers. The homeland of this fruit are subtropical wild areas of South America, Paraguay. Passion fruit is also called edible passiflora or granadillo purpurea. This fruit has a pleasant taste and aroma.
In nature, there are more than 400 varieties of passiflora, differing in size, color, shape and taste. Most of them are edible.
The passion fruit plant itself is very beautiful, winding, which, like grapes during growth, releases tendrils and twists around everything that occurs on its way. Blooms white and green flowers with a bright aroma. The average lifespan of a plant is from 5 to 7 years.
The fruits have a smooth wax surface and an oval shape, their diameter is usually 4-8 cm, approximately like that of a lemon, and weight is 35-50 g.
Now the most popular are the passion fruit with the yellow and purple flowers of the fruit. Yellow fruits, more often than not, are more purple and can grow in size as a grapefruit grows. But the flesh of purple fruits is more juicy and sweet, and also has a pronounced taste and aroma. Inside the fruit, there are membrane pouches that contain juice and seedless seeds.
Passion fruit: photo
Passion fruit: useful properties
- The beneficial properties of passion fruit are in its chemical composition. The fruits of this plant are rich in vitamins, mainly ascorbic acid and vitamin PP, a little less it contains vitamins A, B1, B6, B5, B2, E, H, K. The passion fruit has a lot of potassium, which plays an important role in the cardiovascular system . This fruit also contains such macronutrients as sodium, sulfur, calcium, chlorine, phosphorus and magnesium. Most of the fruits of zinc and iron, and less manganese, iodine, fluorine, copper, etc. In 100 g of the product contains about 68 kcal.
- Due to the balanced mineral composition and high content of potassium, experts in the field of nutrition advise you to eat passion fruit in case of disorders of the liver, urinary tract and cardiovascular system. Also, because of its high nutritional value and low calorie content, this fruit can be eaten for weight loss.
- Passion fruit has antimicrobial, antipyretic and laxative effects, and also improves the digestive system, reduces cholesterol in the blood, helps to cleanse the body of toxins, uric acid and other products of metabolic processes.
- The pulp of this fruit contains a lot of dietary fiber. Fiber helps to eliminate cholesterol from the body, and also protects the mucous membrane of the large intestine. There is also a lot of vitamin C in this fruit, and it strengthens the immune system in the fight against influenza and other colds and infectious diseases. Flavonoids and vitamin A are needed to maintain a good state of vision and proper nutrition of the mucous membranes.
Passion fruit: taste
To choose the fruits of this plant to mature and heavy rake. Most often, fruits with wrinkled skin are more tasty and sweet. Keep them in a cool dark place, no more than 1 week. For long-term storage of fruit, it is necessary to sprinkle with plenty of sugar and freeze.
Fruit juice is also a valuable product. It is added to desserts, dairy products, juices, creams and cocktails. If you can not buy this fruit, you can search for finished products with its addition.
There is a very simple passion fruit - you need to take a small knife, stick it in 0.5 cm in the wide part of the fruit and start cutting it in a circle, and then very quickly open it into 2 parts. Then with a spoon to get the yellow flesh. The bones of the fruit are also quite edible, but you should not get too carried away with them, it can cause drowsiness.
Passion of passion fruit is contraindicated in people who are prone to allergies and with individual intolerance to this fruit.
Passion fruit is a tasty and very healthy fruit, besides it is quite available nowadays. Another advantage of it is low calorie. Fruits can be included in the diet during the diet.