To straighten the teeth, it is not necessary to wear unattractive braces. Today, such a dental problem is solved more sparingly. One of them - caps for alignment of teeth.. Thanks to them, you no longer have to make big sacrifices for the sake of a Hollywood smile. What are such devices capable of and how to use them?
Mouthguards instead of braces: alignment of teeth without pain and discomfort
Dental novelty that helps correct crooked teeth - mouthguards - made of bioplastic or biosilicon. These are soft materials, they do not injure the oral cavity, do not interfere with speaking and do not create problems with eating.
Caps are made in the form of transparent caps (covers) that are put on the teeth. These removable pads tightly cover the dentition. They are so comfortable that the patient even forgets that they are in his mouth.
The advantage of this method of correction is that straightening of the teeth occurs unnoticed by others, which saves the child from ridicule, and the adult patient from moral suffering.
Silicone caps do not harm the health of the gums and teeth. They have multifunctional abilities:
- align the teeth;
- eliminate the gaps between the front teeth;
- correct the "crawling" of one tooth to another;
- correct cross bite;
- bleach enamel.
Cap principle: delicate alignment plus effective lightening
How can such a “harmless” device solve so many dental problems? The effect is achieved due to prolonged wear. Capa should be worn at least 22 hours a day. All this time they will produce a slight but monotonous effect on crooked teeth.
The elimination of the yellow shade is another task that the mouth guards solve to align the teeth. Photos before and after using the pads convincingly prove that the teeth are not only smooth, but also lighter. To do this, the design is pre-filled with a special bleaching composition.
What are the different types of cap?
The duration of the correction and the result obtained depend on which caps will be used. The decision about which orthodontic device will help best cope with the pathology, the doctor takes. Based on the evidence, he will recommend using one of these varieties of the cap to align the teeth:
- thermoplastic. Possess standard options. To make them fit perfectly on the teeth, mouthwashes are pre-dipped into hot water, making them flexible. Then they are quickly put on. Cooling down, they acquire the necessary configuration. Such models are not suitable for patients who have unusual abnormalities or a specific jaw structure;
- individual. These devices work much better and make it possible to correct more serious defects. They are created using 3D modeling technology. First, a three-dimensional impression is made from the patient's teeth, then a mouthpiece is made. It is no longer necessary to customize it for the particular structure of the teeth.
There is also a classification by wear time: mouthguards can be nocturnal (they are used in the easiest cases) and around the clock.
Capa vs Braces: Who will win?
Let's try to determine the winner in the conditional match between caps and braces.
Round one is aesthetics. According to this indicator, leadership will definitely remain behind the caps. They are not visible on the teeth, which can not be said about their rivals.
Round two - efficiency. Removable caps can not guarantee a stable fixation of the dentition. According to this criterion, primacy remains for braces. If it is necessary to correct complex dental defects, then there is no alternative.
Round three - convenience. Braces violate pronunciation, create discomfort while eating, often injure the tongue and oral cavity. All these deficiencies are devoid of caps for leveling the teeth. Reviews of patients who had to use such a device, prove that it is much more comfortable.
Round four - the cost. For standard caps will have to pay from 350 to 1000 rubles. Individual will cost from 1500 rubles. up to 5,000 rubles To correct heavy defects will have to change a few dozen cap. If to sum up how much the mouth guards for teeth cost, it will be much more than the most expensive braces.
The score was equal. What exactly align the teeth - depends on the recommendations of the orthodontist and personal preferences.
Capy: Installation, duration and wearing rules
Treatment begins with a visit to an orthodontist and an oral cavity examination. If there are no contraindications, then an impression is made from the teeth. The individualers are made individually.
When caps are ready, they are installed. The patient is given the rest of the kit cap, so that he independently makes their replacement every 2-2.5 weeks. Visits to the doctor should be applied in 5-6 weeks.
The duration of the correction depends on the degree of deformation of the dentition. In mild cases, it takes several months. The maximum duration is 2 years. If caps are used after braces, then the process can take several years.
To achieve good results, you must follow these rules:
- while cleaning teeth, aligners should be removed and rinsed under warm water;
- caps must be removed while eating;
- they must be stored in a container that is provided with ventilation openings.
Contraindications and disadvantages
Cases when caps can not be used for alignment, quite a bit: anomalies of the skeleton of the jaw, periodontal disease, hard tartar.
There are almost no disadvantages of such an orthodontic appliance. The disadvantage is that they cannot correct complex defects of the bite and curvature of the teeth, and are also not able to level the tooth when turning around the axis.
How do the patients themselves evaluate the caps to align the teeth? Reviews confirm that these devices are effective only if the curvature is insignificant. The minus consumers consider the need for constant and thorough cleaning cap.
Capes are a necessary measure after wearing braces. They help children to align their teeth without inconveniencing them. Although the aligners are not capable of becoming a full replacement for fixed braces, in some cases they are quite effective. This is a safer and more pleasant way to even teeth.