The desire to decorate your body originates from prehistoric times. So the ancient people tried to appease the gods, and our contemporaries express individuality. One of the clearest ways to draw attention to your image are henna drawings on your hand. Where did these traditions come from and what do they symbolize? What are the henna drawings on the hands? Let's try to figure it out.
Fashion on mehendi in the past and present
Henna drawings, or mehendi (mehndi) - art, whose history goes back many centuries. The founders of such patterns on the body were the countries of the East. And if in Egypt, mehendi was painted by dancers before the performance, then in India it is one of the rituals of preparing the bride for the wedding. Ancient people believed that the mehendi (in modern language - biota):
- is a powerful talisman during rituals;
- disinfects skin in case of sunburn;
- cools the whole body in the conditions of scorching heat.
The tasks of henna drawings today are as follows:
- protect from the evil eye;
- attract good luck, love and glory;
- look unusual and stylish.
Drawing mehndi is especially fashionable in summer, when clothes do not hide beautiful patterns on the body. In addition, under the bright rays of the sun, the picture appears even brighter and attracts more attention.
Types of patterns biota
Each nation, who joined the art of henna body decoration, introduced its patterns and drawings. The most popular to this day are
- flower ornaments (they were painted by Arabs);
- filled patterns (mehendi bedouins were applied);
- openwork lines (traditionally considered to be Indian variants of biota);
- geometric figures (a tribute to the tradition of the Mendi of North African peoples).
As for the plot drawings, their founders are Hindus. Most often these are four images:
- an elephant (a symbol of abundance and good luck);
- lotus (guardian of purity and innocence of the thoughts of the owner of mehendi);
- peacock (talisman of longevity, the joys of life and beauty);
- the god Ganesha (considered to be the destroyer of obstacles in the path of life).
Skilled mendi masters will surely offer the henna on your hand that is most suitable for you. Photos, patterns will help to better understand all the symbolism of the image.
Henna drawing on the hand at home: materials
If you can draw and you like henna on your hands, you can make beautiful drawings at home. You only need to carefully choose the material - buy a ready-made mixture for mehndi or henna for cooking pasta. Material for coloring hair does not fit: it is too large particles. We need a special vegetable dye for mehendi. However, craftsmen have found a way out of this situation: ordinary henna can be ground in a coffee grinder to homogeneous fine dust. In addition to pasta, the recipes of which will be discussed later, you will need:
- brushes (if you VERY well paint, as villi better impregnate the pores of the skin. But to work with such a tool you need skill);
- cones (small sheets of thick paper folded in the form of a funnel, from which paste-henna is squeezed out - an excellent way out for beginners);
- stencils (actually, henna drawings on the hands for beginners, which will be applied).
Types of pasta for mehendi
Paste for drawings on the hand can be of two types depending on henna - natural and finished. As for the first option, the patterns are made with such material:
- not fully manifest immediately, but after 3-4 hours;
- keep on the skin for 2 to 3 weeks;
- on areas of skin with a thicker stratum corneum, it will appear more intensely (as a rule, these are palms and feet).
Ready-made pasta has its own nuances:
- the pattern will appear on the skin immediately after application, that is, you will not have the opportunity to correct it;
- Mendy will remain on the body for about 7 days;
- the intensity of the color will be uniform across all parts of the body.
As a rule, it is easier for beginners to work with natural paste. But you need to cook it yourself.
The quality of the material for mehendi depends on how easy it will be for you to apply the drawing and how long it will last. Therefore, the preparation of pasta should be taken very responsibly. There are several of the most famous henna recipes.
For example, a tea-based pattern material can be stored for up to 2 days.
- ½ cup of strong tea brew;
- ½ lemon;
- 3 tbsp. l Sahara;
- 4 tbsp. l henna.
- Mix tea and lemon juice.
- Pour sugar and henna, mix thoroughly into a homogeneous mass.
- Let it brew for 20 minutes. Pasta is ready.
Coffee can also be used for pasta.
- 5 tsp. coffee (better to take instant);
- 1 tbsp. warm water;
- 2 standard henna packs;
- 5 drops of eucalyptus leaf oil;
- 5 drops clove oil.
- Coffee is dissolved in water and set on slow fire.
- When 1/3 of the liquid boils away, we fall asleep to henna.
- Add oil and remove from heat.
- Give brew for 2-3 hours.
Well-based tea paste with the addition of vegetable oil. True, it should be used immediately after preparation.
- ½ tbsp. Chifira (thick strong tea);
- ½ lemon;
- 2 packs of henna;
- 2 drops of vegetable oil (any).
- Add lemon juice to chifir, mix.
- Gradually add henna, stirring constantly, so as not to form lumps.
- We drip oil.
- Give brew for 5 hours.
If you need a paste that will be stored for about a month, then the liquid base should be brought to a boil.
- 1 tbsp. hot strong tea (coffee);
- 3 drops of lemon juice;
- 3 drops of oil (olive);
- 5 tbsp. l henna.
- In tea or coffee, add lemon juice and olive oil.
- We mix henna.
- The resulting paste insist 4 hours.
The suggested proportions for the pasta options are based on 2-3 patterns.
Technique drawing mehendi pattern
It doesn’t matter if the henna patterns on your hands are light or easy to make. The technique of working on biota will be the same. Note that the accuracy of the pattern depends on your leisurelyness. You need to start by choosing a pattern and creating a stencil.
- From thin paper (for example, tracing paper) cut out the shape of the palm.
- On the resulting stencil we transfer the contours of the selected image.
- Manicure scissors cut out the outlines of Mehndi.
- Clean the skin of the hands with a scrub.
- We steam out the palm in hot water.
- Heat the cone with henna paste to room temperature (you can simply hold it in your hands).
- We apply to the wet skin stencil with a pattern.
- Apply a thick layer of paste and cover with a plastic bag to increase the body temperature for better penetration of the pigment into the skin.
- For 1 hour, leave mehndi to dry.
- Wash off with warm water.
- Gently blot the design with a soft towel and grease the hand with any oil.
In order for the drawing to last longer, it is necessary to properly care for the biota:
- each time before washing your hands, lubricate the pattern with oil;
- avoid using soap;
- do not rub;
- refrain from peeling;
- Do not use the sauna or swimming pool.
Henna drawings on the hand is a way not only to declare your individuality, but also to show the knowledge of the culture of ancient peoples, to show respect for the traditions of the ancestors. In this case, you can make mehendi at home, and even a beginner can cope. The main thing - to mix high-quality pasta and do not regret the time for a neat application. And be sure to take care of mehndi, so that the drawing will make you happy for a long time with its brightness and bring good luck!