Modern cosmetology rooms offer a wide range of different treatments for body and face. To date, one of the most popular - peeling, most often used for the skin of the face. Techniques are different, respectively, and the effect of them can be different, with its own indications and contraindications.
Enzyme peeling - what is it?
Enzyme peeling is also called enzymatic peeling and belongs to the class of surface procedures. The main active ingredients are enzymes, not acids. It turns out that enzyme peeling is a gentle technique that is suitable for all skin types, including sensitive skin.
This type of procedure works carefully, the skin is cleansed from protein contaminants separated by sebaceous and sweat glands. In addition, enzyme peels are successfully used to remove dead skin cells.
After the procedure, the dermis is polished, smoothed and smoothed. Color becomes smooth and healthy. Upon completion of the impact there is no rehabilitation period. A significant advantage of the technique is the absence of hyperemia (redness).
Enzyme peeling is suitable for young skin for the purpose of cleansing and moisturizing. For the fading, it is no less useful, since it will stimulate the processes of its renewal, restore tone and relief. Enzyme peeling can also be used as a therapeutic procedure to combat hyperpigmentation, acne.
Enzymes in cosmetology: scope
Enzymes and enzymes are one and the same. And these are substances of the protein structure, which play the role of biological catalysts or, on the contrary, inhibitors of the processes that take place in the human body.
The stratum corneum contains proteolytic enzymes - proteases, which are involved in regulating the rate of chemical reactions in tissues, as well as in skin renewal processes due to protein breakdown. As a result of aging, protease activity decreases, leading to a loss of moisture, a decrease in the rate of renewal of structural skin cells. It turns out that the upper layer of the skin becomes thicker, there is an accumulation of sebum and the surface of the dermis is contaminated. The relief becomes uneven, and the skin color, which looks dull and grayish, suffers.
Proteolytic enzymes that are part of enzyme-peeling, contribute to better exfoliation of the horny scales of the skin, as well as break down skin protein. The effect of this peeling is superficial, it cannot spread beyond the upper layers of the dermis. In response to the removal of the upper layer of the skin, the production of new cells is stimulated. As a result, the epidermis takes on a well-groomed and radiant appearance, and the procedure is also rejuvenating.
Indications and contraindications
Indications for the use of enzyme peels are:
- The presence of age spots on the face;
- Acne and its effects;
- Smoothing fine wrinkles;
- Clogged pores and contaminated skin;
- Elimination of insolation defects and in the presence of signs of photoaging.
Like any procedure, enzyme peeling has a number of contraindications that must be considered. So, contraindications are:
- Individual intolerance to the components that are part of the peeling;
- Various skin diseases during their exacerbations;
- Diseases that provoke a decrease in the work of the immune defense, including diabetes mellitus;
- A strict contraindication to the use of peeling is exacerbation of the herpes virus, even if its manifestations are not on the face.
What do women say?
Among women who have used this type of peeling, most positive reviews are noted, but there are also negative ones. First of all, it is worth remembering that this type of procedure is more gentle than the same light acid peels based on fruits. And the effect of them is the same. Therefore, when choosing, it is best to give your preference to enzyme peeling.
A significant advantage of the technique is the fact that there is no restriction on use depending on the time of year. Enzyme peeling procedures can be performed year-round. In addition, this type of care is suitable for all skin types, even sensitive and prone to irritation. The presence of spider veins on the face is not a contraindication. The peeling itself acts gently, superficially and without the use of abrasive particles.
After the procedure does not require a rehabilitation period, there is no flaking and hyperemia. In addition, peeling helps to slow the growth of facial hair, and makes the hair shaft thinner. The procedure can be carried out during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
The effect of peeling is visible immediately after the 1st procedure, but the final result can be discussed only after the completion of the entire course. As a result, a woman gets a derma cleared of protein contamination. The skin becomes smooth, soft to the touch. It turns out to be less noticeable fine wrinkles, shrink pores, etc.
Negative reviews are mainly due to the fact that with the help of such a procedure one cannot solve serious problems - remove scars and deep wrinkles. The peeling itself in some cases can provoke a relapse of acne, dermatitis, herpes. In addition, cosmetologists warn that you can not abuse the methodology, since the effect of too frequent procedures may be completely the opposite. The skin will become overdried, the complexion will change for the worse, the epidermis will simply fade and its protective mantle will stop doing its job.
How is the procedure?
Cosmetologists advise not to use cosmetics containing acids and retinol the day before the peeling. In no case can not carry out the depilation. It is forbidden to carry out enzyme peeling after dermabrasion and laser polishing, until such time as the skin passes through all the restorative processes.
At the 1st procedure, the skin test for allergies is carried out. A small amount of peeling is applied to the inner surface of the wrist. In the absence of any reaction within 10 minutes, the tool is transferred to the skin of the face.
Before applying the peeling, you need to clean the skin, make-up is removed and toning is performed. After applying the peeling composition in a strict sequence, when using some peels, it is necessary to avoid processing the area around the eyes and mouth. The time of the procedure will depend on the composition and the desired effect, and can last for 10 to 30 minutes.
After peeling, a mask is applied to the skin of the face according to indications and depending on the existing cosmetic problems. Its composition penetrates the skin better and gives the best result, and you can also use active serum.
Usually, the course of procedures consists of 5 - 8 sessions, and the frequency is usually discussed individually, but not more often than 1 - 2 times a week. Everything will depend on the skin type and on the desired effect.
Compared with other types of peels, enzyme most gentle. In its composition there are no acids and abrasive substances, therefore, it has a more delicate effect on the skin. The list of indications and positive results makes this type of peeling the most popular.