Ornamental hybrid varieties of orchids that grow at home, can please their owners with beautiful flowers for many months, and even all year round. It is blooming that they come to our house. But if you do not yet have experience in caring for this capricious plant, then sooner or later a completely natural question will arise after the orchid has blossomed, what to do next?
How to deal with peduncles?
Do not rush to cut the peduncle. It can form new buds at the tip of the stem or make new branches from lateral dormant buds, which will also bloom. Sometimes in the lateral buds on the peduncle "babies" are formed, which over time can be transplanted. Cut only completely dried flower stalk or its dried part. At the same time, some growers recommend cutting even green flower stalks, which have already been thrown off the flowers: ostensibly it stimulates a faster appearance of new ones.
Faded, but still green flower stalks are used for vegetative propagation. The stalk is cut off and in horizontal position is covered with moist moss. Or cut it into several parts (with 1 sleeping kidney each) and planted in wet moss. In the sleeping buds new young orchids should be formed - "kids." And you can just put the stem in the water and wait for the "addition".
When the orchid has bloomed, what to do next with the stems of peduncles - each mistress decides for herself. You can experiment and see how your plant responds to certain actions.
Time to "move"!
After the orchid has bloomed, the plant can be transplanted into a larger house. It is during the rest period, and only then you can do it. If you disturb the plant during flowering, then a naughty orchid can prematurely throw flowers. Once every 2 years (even if the plant pot is still large enough), it is worthwhile to transplant your darling to change the soil for a new one, to remove the old and dried roots. Ordinary land for orchids will not work. The bark is most often used as a substrate, with the addition of peat, foam, leaves, pieces of cork tree.
The rest period of the orchid is a natural state after active flowering. The plant needs to rest and gain strength before re-dissolution. And so that this period of "relaxation" does not hesitate, it is necessary to ensure proper care. Its rules in the dormant period are not very different from the care of an orchid during the flowering period. But there are a few points, given that you can quickly witness such a desirable flowering!
We create favorable conditions for active orchid flowering.
After what time the orchid that has bloomed will blossom, largely depends on what you will do next, how to care for it.
Transparent pot allows you to monitor the condition of the soil and roots. If moisture is enough, then the roots are green, and if they are white, then watering is necessary.
Watering an orchid is necessary at room temperature (+ 20-22aboutC) she does not like cold. It is better to use distilled, boiled or filtered water, because it contains less salt content.
There are several ways to water.
- Spill the plant with plenty of water to moisten the entire substrate and allow the water to completely drain.
- Put the pot in a bowl of water for 10-15 minutes, so that the earth is soaked, give excess water to drain well.
- Arrange plant shower - and then the leaves will be washed from dust.
- Often spray leaves, roots and substrate with water.
The soil in the pot should be wet, but not too wet. We can not allow the roots of orchids were in the water: they will rot. Between irrigation, the ground should dry well. You need a kind of alternation of moisture and dryness of the root system. This is one of the factors for the faster appearance of new colors. In nature, the season of flowering of orchids falls on the dry period. Therefore, if the orchid has faded, it is better to reduce the frequency of watering.
Orchids need a lot of bright light, because it is a tropical plant. But direct sunlight is undesirable: the plant can burn. As an option, in the summer it is good to put a flower in front of the window, and in winter, when the light day is short and the sun rarely shines, on the windowsill. Due to the lack of illumination, the orchid may go into hibernation for a long time and stop blooming.
Temperature and humidity
Orchids perfectly withstand daily temperature drops, and for re-flowering they need them, for example, from +16aboutFrom night to +24aboutHappy, or a drop of at least 4-5 degrees.
Air these plants prefer humid (50%). It is not always possible to create the required level in an apartment, especially during the heating season. In this case, spray the plant regularly. You can create a local source of moisture around the flower. Water is poured into the pan, and the pot is placed above the water at an elevation, for example, on gravel, a grate, a stand. The main thing - that the roots do not touch the water.
The room where orchids grow should be aired regularly, but to avoid drafts. These epiphytic plants take many nutrients from the air.
It is during the rest period, after the orchid has blossomed, it is necessary to carry out its feeding. Special fertilizers intended exclusively for such plants should be used. This will stimulate their growth and the formation of new flower stalks. Organic fertilizers are recommended to be used once every 2 weeks during watering. But do not overdo it.
If the phalaenopsis orchid has faded, what to do next with the plant so that it will soon be pleased with new flowers? As in the general case, it is necessary to observe several important conditions:
- moderate watering;
- enough light;
- temperature difference.
Another common variety of flowers that is adapted for home breeding is dendrobium nobile. What to do next if the dendrobium orchid has bloomed? Caring for her is identical to caring for phalaenopsis, because both of these varieties belong to the category of epiphytes - plants, for which the roots need a lot of air. But for such a flower is even more important sufficient lighting, at least 12 hours. But the number of irrigations and the ambient temperature should be reduced. Only in this case, we should expect the appearance of new flower stalks. To stimulate flowering and compensate for insufficient lighting in the winter, special halogen phytolamps can be used.
A blooming orchid is a real decoration of any room. In fact, caring for these flowers with a reputation for capricious is not so difficult. In particular, they are not demanding for irrigation and fertilizers. Adhering to the simple principles of caring for orchids, you can expect from them frequent and prolonged flowering throughout the year.