No wonder they say that people are responsible for those who have tamed. In most cases, we do not think about what our pet feels when sick, but just consciously try to help him. One of the most common ailments that causes pain and discomfort to a four-legged friend is subcutaneous mite in dogs.
Pay close attention to your pet.
It has long been believed that a dog is a friend of man. In fact, there is no one devoted to this animal in this world. And as a pet rejoices when you return home! Sometimes, looking at the dog, it seems to us that we are raising a child who is trying to indulge in, dirty and offended.
The skin of a dog of any breed is much more gentle than that of a human. Unfortunately, not one pet is immune from infection with subcutaneous ticks. Speaking abstractly, such a disease can be compared with human demodicosis, the causative agent of which is a microscopic tick.
In veterinary practice, various types of pathogens are often found, but Demodex has become the most popular. Some species of subcutaneous mites can strike a person, but this happens very rarely.
Often, the subcutaneous tick is transmitted to the dog upon contact with the animal that carries the parasite. Other factors can determine the development of this pathology:
- weakened immunity;
- stressful situations;
- helminthic invasions, etc.
Subcutaneous tick in dogs is activated by reducing immunity. The symptoms and treatment of demodicosis in four-legged pets we are to study today. I would like to draw your attention to the fact that the dog will never be able to tell about its pain and discomfort. Only a caring, loving and attentive owner will notice the slightest deviations in the behavior of his four-legged friend.
Parasitism of subcutaneous mites in dogs is characterized by pronounced symptoms, in particular:
- severe itching;
- redness of the skin over the entire area of the body;
- the appearance of pustular wounds, cracks in the skin;
- unpleasant smell emanating from the animal;
- hair loss, usually in the head and paws;
- violation of heat exchange processes;
- restless, sometimes apathetic behavior.
As soon as you notice at least one of the above symptoms in your pet, you must immediately show the dog to the veterinarian. If the disease is not detected in a timely manner, then the animal may develop complicated consequences. Often, this parasite not only gets into the surface layer of the skin, but also penetrates deep into vital organs, such as the heart, liver, kidneys, lymph nodes, etc.
Independently diagnose such a disease in dogs is impossible. In order to properly build treatment tactics, a veterinarian must take a series of tests. First of all, a comparative sample in the form of a scraping is taken from the skin of the dog. To seize the deep tissue, the four-legged pet is cut, and then scraped. The affected area of the skin is examined under a microscope, with the result that a qualified veterinarian determines the type of pathogen.
What are the subcutaneous mites are dangerous for our younger brothers?
Today in nature there are several dozen varieties of ticks. This does not mean that all of them will parasitize on the skin of your pet. As the veterinary practice shows, a dog is susceptible to infection with three types of ticks:
The above pathogens may cause the development of the following ailments:
And if almost all dog owners have even the slightest idea about demodicosis, then few have heard about the other two pathologies. In everyday life, sarkoptosis and notohedrosis are often called scabies. In the first case, the parasitic microorganism affects any area of the skin, and in the second, only the auricle. The symptoms of these ailments are very similar to demodicosis. The animal suffers from severe and debilitating itching, wounds appear on the skin, which leads to baldness.
The word is given to the vet
Many owners of dogs of various breeds are interested in the same question - how to treat a subcutaneous tick in dogs. The answer to this question can only be given by a qualified veterinarian after examining the animal and making a diagnosis. The goal of treating a subcutaneous tick is not only to eliminate the symptoms that have appeared. Therapeutic methods should be aimed at eradicating the root causes of the development of the disease, that is, to destroy the tick.
As practice shows, veterinarians often prescribe drugs in the form of ointments belonging to the group of acaricides. The following drugs are considered the most popular, safe, and effective:
To eliminate itching and redness of the skin, the veterinarian may prescribe additional drugs, for example, "Cycloferon". If the infection progresses along with the subcutaneous tick, then antibiotics can be prescribed.
Treatment of subcutaneous ticks in dogs can be carried out at home. I would like to draw attention to the fact that such treatment must necessarily take place under the supervision of a veterinarian, since the therapy is complex and includes the following aspects:
- taking immunomodulatory or immunostimulating agents;
- taking medications that support liver function;
- taking antihistamines;
- complex diet
Almost all drugs used to get rid of the subcutaneous tick, have a negative effect on the liver. That is why, along with their use, it is imperative to stimulate the function of the liver cells and protect this organ. For this purpose, the well-known pharmacological drug Kars is prescribed to all four-legged pets.
Some breeders are of the opinion that injections are the most effective way to treat a subcutaneous tick. But many veterinarians believe that injections of this type have a detrimental effect on the health of the dog, and this can lead to irreparable consequences.
Often, pet owners use traditional medicine for the treatment of subcutaneous mites. Of course, their reception should be coordinated with the veterinarian. The following remedies are most popular in treating such an ailment in dogs:
- garlic mass in combination with almond oil;
- black sulfur dissolved in sour cream;
- Sulfuric ointment;
- lavender oil.
Do not forget that your pet's skin is much more sensitive and more tender than human. An improperly chosen drug or home remedy for treating a subcutaneous tick can only aggravate the situation. So that your pet recovers quickly and again pleases you with its playful mood, follow all preventive measures and systematically bathe your dog.
To date, there are special solutions and collars on sale that protect a dog for a certain period from damage by various harmful microorganisms, including the subcutaneous tick. And if suddenly your dog is sick, then entrust her treatment to professionals.