It is difficult to imagine most recipes, if it is not sweet desserts, without a variety of seasonings and spices. Basil, mint, lemongrass and other fragrant green stems and leaves are familiar to every hostess, and on a par with simple herbs like dill and parsley, you can even grow them on the windowsill to always have access to them. And if you need to prepare a large amount for the future, some of them can be sown on the garden plot.
Spicy herbs: photo with names and description
In addition to dill, onion, parsley, mint, which is well-known even to a child, there are many spicy herbs that should be planted, even if there is very little space in the summer cottage. The most valuable in terms of their medicinal and taste properties are listed below.
- Fennel is often confused with dill because of its appearance: the same tall stems, the same fluffy leaves-gossamer. According to its properties, fennel is also close to dill, but its taste is sweeter, and the chemical composition has much in common with celery. The main attraction of fennel - a beneficial effect on the body during toxicosis. The plant is a perennial, unpretentious in the care, for which we love gardeners. Of all the herbs in the garden fennel appears most often.
- Basil - an annual, but deserving annual planting plant. It is absolutely not resistant to cold, at the age of seedlings in need of greenhouse conditions, loves the sun, and it is necessary to collect it until frost, or keep warm in winter. Therefore, most often this spicy grass is grown on the windowsill. Basil is often used fresh or injected into the dish before it is cooked.
- Oregano is also known as "marjoram" and is grown in the open ground as an annual plant, at home - as a perennial. It is sown late, closer to April, and at the dacha at the end of May, always on a sunny place. The collection of leaves that go into food, carried out before the oregano begins to bloom. The herb is medicinal.
- Tarragon is known for its frequent use in French cuisine: it is a frequent friend of fish and meat dishes, as well as various sauces. If this spicy grass is grown in the country, for the winter it is wrapped with a covering material to protect it from severe frosts. It is recommended to sow in February, the collection of leaves can be carried out throughout the summer and autumn.
- Thyme is also well established in the middle lane: among other herbs, it produces a strong aroma emanating from the leaves, so the use in dishes is usually very careful. You can grow on the windowsill, and in the open field, but every 2-3 years the grass must be transplanted to a new place.
Growing spices on the windowsill
The easiest way, of course, is simply to pick up already “grown-up” plants from the vegetable garden, digging them out before the frosts and settling them in containers. Fragrant beds on the window will not require any effort in caring for her, except that rare watering and light control. But if you decide to grow herbs on the windowsill from the time they are sown, you should know a few highlights:-
- The seedling is located at the south or west window, so that most of the day she was in the light. If necessary, it dosvechivayut conventional lamps 60-80 W, placing them at a distance of 40-50 cm from the seedlings. The temperature should not be higher than 20 degrees.
- Sowing herbs at home can be sown at any time of the year, but it is better to do it in February-March. A tarragon can not be sown in the fall - until December, he lasts a period of rest.
- For germination, the seeds of spicy herbs are scattered on wet gauze or a napkin, which is sprayed 2 times a day for 3 days. Only after that they are sent to the prepared soil.
- Frequent watering, even through spraying, is needed only for mint, watercress, lemon balm, sorrel and parsley. The rest of the spicy herbs feel much better in a moderately moist substrate. It is important to know that wet earth is stored longer in plastic containers, and in clay pots it dries quickly.
Peculiarities of care for herbage in open ground
Almost all the spicy herbs are grown in the country together, in a separate garden bed, divided into sectors. It turns out a kind of fragrant flower garden, in the place of which usually nothing is planted either before or after its main inhabitants. The highest specimens are located in the middle, the lower - at the edges.
The place for sowing or planting seedlings should be chosen well lit so that at least half of the daylight hours it is bathed in sunshine. In this case, in hot weather, light shading may be required so that some herbs do not fade. The exceptions are herbs that need high humidity and cool - mint, sorrel, lemon balm.
Also, be sure to take care of that through the site with planted herbs, the wind is not walking, and the earth does not accumulate moisture in itself. The substrate should be well drained, before planting the grass it is carefully loosened and sand and ashes are introduced into it. Soil fertility does not play a special role, so a small amount of peat will be enough as a primary feed. Top dressing is usually not made.
The main point in the cultivation of spicy herbs - at the cottage or windowsill - is the need for frequent pinching and gathering leaves to prevent the growth of bushes. This is especially true of horseradish and mint. For the rest, spicy herbs in your summer cottage are able to grow without outside intervention.