Lace year after year remain in demand in interior design and clothing. Tenderness, lightness and grace - those epithets that are firmly entrenched in air patterns that can decorate any image and room. Irish laces are especially beautiful: they are crocheted not too easily with crochet, they require some skills, but the product made of them is so elegant that the forces expended pay off with interest.
Irish crochet lace: highlights
Irish lace, in its essence, is a modification of the most famous Venetian lace, but crocheted. Its basic component is unchanged: dense and sparse sections of loops, folding into a certain ornament. Not only a napkin or a shawl can be made from this material, today almost every fashion show has several pieces made of lace. Why are just the newly trendy openwork skirts, tunics, dresses, hats and clutches, gloves and even summer lace boots. Although any item you like can be purchased at the store, handicraft has been valued and continues to be valued much higher.
Important plus of the Irish lace is that it is based on separate motives. Each leaf, flower, curl, and others. Details are performed solo, and then fastened through the netting. Such a technique allowed several people to work on a specific product at once, as a result of which the terms were reduced and the load was reduced. Of course, the most profitable is mass production, and at home such a plus can be used only if you do weaving Irish lace with a child or girlfriend.
The main tool in such a difficult task is the hook. Craftswomen recommend paying attention to stainless steel, which does not stain threads: washing of laces is troublesome. In addition, bone or wood hooks break easily, especially if they are thin. And fat ones are rarely used because they do not make elegant items. Nevertheless, it is worth buying different sizes, preferring the smallest: 2-2.5.
It is important to trace the absence of burrs and barbs across the entire surface of the hook, especially on its head, which will be in direct contact with the threads. Also, do not purchase an instrument if it is unnecessarily pointed: when working with thin material, the latter is likely to break. And, of course, it is necessary to track the depth of the notch into which the thread falls, and to choose the optimum thickness of the hook, depending on the pattern and its density.
In some cases, in addition to the hook may need studs with flattened heads. But the more important element is the thread. Most often for the Irish lace get linen threads, and also silk, but the last are unattractive because of the high price category. Even for the simplest product, it is important to choose the threads of 3 types of thickness: the thinnest ones will be useful when creating the grid, fastening parts, the middle ones are the basis for the openwork element, and the thick ones are its “skeleton”.
In addition, it is worth noting that it is best to pay attention to light shades, and to take all 3 skeins of threads in a single color: whatever the fashion, Irish lace in most cases is performed in the same color.
Irish Lace: video and charts
Before trying to create a complex thing - a bolero, a dress or even a regular tippet, you should learn how to perform individual elements, and then try to put them together on a grid. To this end, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the schemes of Irish lace, which are abundantly presented in printed publications on knitting and on Internet portals. Snowflakes and flowers are considered the simplest details, and among all the patterns in Irish lace, natural elements dominate.
For example, a classic flower with 8 petals is born from 8 loops, connected in a circle, from which rays are being drawn, crowned by 2 new loops. So on the next row will be 16 loops, and the resulting circle will become the core of the flower. Further work most often goes in a circle not in rows, but in concrete details. In particular, each petal begins to weave.
But it’s not enough just to look at the proposed schemes: they need to be read correctly. And here it is important to remember that the direction in most cases is observed from the bottom up and from the center to the periphery in a circular mating. Odd rows are considered to be facial, even rows are reversed: they will be read to the right and left, respectively. Circular always directed counterclockwise. And when such an element "* ... *" appears, it is worth knowing that the looped pattern enclosed in asterisks is a repetition, knitted several times - the number is always indicated next to the sign.
For example, a flower with 6 petals made in blue gamma is based on 10 air loops strapped into a circle. On the new row, started by the same air loop, 2 double crochets each come out (st. S / n). It is recommended to vyvyazyvat petals, and then at the very base to connect them, leaving space: this technique allows you to get air parts, while maintaining the main characteristics of lace - elegance. In order to broaden the petal even more, the number of nakida at the column increases: for the side pairs by 1, for the next ones inside - by 2, and for the central ones - by 3.
If you examine in detail all the schemes of Irish lace, you will notice that this is the main method used in their implementation: namely, art. s / n allow you to increase the diameter of the circle, which is important for most floral patterns. Also often missed loops, which are air, and new art. s / n An important advantage of working with a hook in this situation is in the absence of the need for tying the product around the edge: even at such a simple element, the borders immediately come out tight and even, not risking to disperse.
Irish lace: master class
In the connection of the individual elements of the grid, too, there are no difficulties: this is the simplest stage of creating a specific product. However, if in the manufacture of a conventional rectangular tippet it is enough only to keep a rectangular shape, fastening all the details, then, for example, knitting a tunic with an Irish lace, you should initially sketch out the pattern on which the work will be carried out. This also allows you to calculate the required amount of yarn.
In particular, mercerized cotton, represented by a very thin twisted thread, is ideal for Irish lace. Due to its density, it can be used on decorative items and on wardrobe items. For example, from such a yarn, you can try a master class to knit a tunic of flowers with long petals, which are ideal for beginners.
- The core is a ring of air loops in the amount of 8 pieces, on which 14 columns are inserted, but without a nakida (with b / n). The rays that come out of them will be a skeleton to the petals: along the chain of air loops (15 pcs.), Returning back by passing the extreme 2 loops. After 13 s / n, it is necessary to fix the row at the core of the flower in the 2nd loop of the strapping. In a circular motion, 6 more such rays are thrown, as a result of which 7 petals will appear.
- Each of them is tied according to the scheme: 3 s b / n, 1 s s / n, 7 s s / n, 1 s 2 s / n (2 nakida per column) in 1 reception, 1 s 2 s / n. To the upper part of the petal has expanded and beautifully rounded, is 8 with 2 s / n. On the reverse side it is required to go through 1 s 2 s / n, 1 s 2 s / n in 1 reception, 7 s s / n, 1 s s / n, 3 s b / n.
- When all elements are created according to the scheme proposed above, they are connected to each other by an irregular grid. Her idea is to alternate simple air loops and columns, the number of naquids on which is arbitrary. In this case, all parts are located on the wrong side up, after which the hook is inserted into the canvas and pulls the working thread towards itself, the hooked short end is threaded into the loop, drawn in and hid in the canvas. After that, the working thread gets 4-5 air loops, and you can attach a new part. Of course, the number of ce. varies depending on how tightly all the elements are required.
Irish lace is a complicated technique, but the appearance of the finished products pays for any efforts spent on working with it. Begin to try with simple parts, connect them and fill your hand: skill comes with practice, and soon your efforts will allow you to get a designer thing with minimal difficulty.