Orchids are beautiful flowers of exotic species. They are rather gentle and demanding to care. If you want to have this tropical flower, be ready to show all your knowledge and skills to care for it. If you follow all the rules of growing and caring for orchids, your efforts will be rewarded and flowers will appear on the windowsill that will delight you with their beauty.
What is needed to grow orchids?
Before planting an orchid, you will need to purchase a special plastic transparent pot of medium size, if you wish, you can immediately buy a large one. You will also need a special substrate that will help ensure breathability and drainage. It is better to purchase in specialized stores. Buy immediately fertilizer and a device to moisten the flower. When growing orchids, you will need to provide them with a warm shower, high humidity and diffused light.
How to choose orchid seedlings?
When choosing ready-made orchids, pay attention to the fact that the plants are healthy. Orchids, which are sold in stores, are suitable for growing at home. Such flowers you can safely buy and grow further. The finished orchid seedlings have elastic leaves of bright green color or with a reddish tinge. They should not be yellowed and dried leaves. This indicates poor care, and it will be very difficult to restore such an orchid. Do not buy plants with mold, cobwebs, black or brown leaves. Such orchids are not suitable for growing, especially for beginner growers.
What should be the roots of an orchid?
Orchids should be grown in transparent tubs or pots. Decorative flower pots and too dense pots will interfere with the development of orchid roots. The roots of a healthy orchid are fleshy and hard. Their color should be from light to dark green. If the roots of the flower tend outward, then your orchid is healthy.
Temperature regime for growing orchids
Orchid - a tropical plant and adapted to temperature changes. Of course, severe frosts are not for her. After you buy an orchid sprout, cover the roots with paper and a plastic bag. This will help protect them from hypothermia until you bring it home.
When growing orchids, remember that they do not like direct sunlight. In natural conditions, orchids grow in the shade of trees, so the most correct would be to put them on a window directed to the west or east. The southeast and southwest window will do the same, but on the window facing north you will need to provide additional light. The window from May to September will need to be darkened.
Orchid growing land
Land for orchids should have good drainage and consist of a special substrate. The substrate can be prepared independently by mixing cork, moss, coconut fiber and wood bark. Compliance with all these conditions will help create a natural environment for the growth of orchids. Completely fill the pot with the substrate, this will help keep the orchid in a vertical state. You can put a pot with an orchid in a glass pot, earthenware or wicker baskets-
How to water the orchids?
One of the most difficult things when growing orchids is watering. Water should be soft and warm. Set aside water before watering during the day. Orchid can not be watered. Do not pour water into the flower tray, do not let the leaf funnel and the roots of the orchid be in the water for a long time. If the humidity is low, then additional spraying is required, rather than watering. You need to water the orchid only when the substrate is completely dry. From time to time, take your orchid to the bath and make a warm shower for it. Watering is necessary until the entire substrate is wet. Remove the pot after it on the grate. Water should drain 15 minutes. Then blot the sheet funnel with paper napkins. Orchids should be watered in the morning or in the afternoon, by night they should dry. All excess liquid during irrigation should flow out of the pot.
Creating moisture when growing orchids
No less important is the creation of special moisture for orchids when they are grown. In autumn and winter, when the heating works, it will be necessary to create a source of humidity. To do this, place small stones, decorative glass pebbles and pebbles in the flower tray, then pour water. You can also create drainage using foam, expanded clay or hard pieces of bark. For orchids need to create air flow, but not draft.
Recommendations for growing orchids
If the orchid begins to wither leaves, it lacks moisture. But excess moisture is dangerous for the roots of the flower, causing them to rot. Fertilize orchids every week, and during the rest of the flower - every month. Fertilizers can be purchased at the store. To orchids in December actively began to bloom, do not keep them near the heating devices. Orchid transplants need to be done when there are a lot of roots, and they, intertwining, come out of the pot. Do not remove the roots of the flower when transplanting. When the orchid has bloomed, prune it after the flower and the process have fallen off. In order for the orchid to bloom for a long time, buy an orchid already with buds. When watering be careful, because the substrate dries unevenly.
Buying an orchid, carefully examine the appearance of the future flower. You also need to find out about the conditions to which this type of orchid is used. But for any orchid when growing important is the creation of drainage and moisture. Carefully select the location of the flower, depends on its coverage. When the orchid begins to grow actively, use a weak solution of fertilizers for indoor flowers. Observing all the rules, you will surely see how your orchid will bloom with wonderful delicate flowers.
See also: How to grow an orchid tree?