When spring comes, nature pleases us with its extraordinary beauty. All the plants wake up, the gardens bloom, and the wonderful fragrance of the flowers detracts with its mysterious aroma. Almost all owners of country houses are trying to draw out flowerbeds at home gardens. Agree, it is pleasant to admire the first shoots of early flowers. The king of the flower beds is considered to be gladiolus. This flower has extraordinary beauty, and many inflorescences of various shades are pleasing to the eye. So that you can reproduce gladiolus, planting and care in the open field for these flowers must be carried out according to the rules.
This will be discussed in our article.
Gladiolus: the most common varieties with photos
As you know, in the world there are a huge number of varieties of gladioli. These plants belong to the perennial class. But, unfortunately, not all flowers take root in our climatic conditions. Experienced gardeners most often planted only certain varieties that tolerate the winter cold, the summer heat and do not require special care. Gradually, the usual varieties are moving aside, and in the flowerbeds you can see new flowers, bewitching with their inflorescences, bright colors, fringing and corrugated bends.
The following varieties of gladioli became most popular among amateur gardeners:
- Bi bi;
- Kissy Raffle;
- Princess Elizabeth the Great;
- Blue gave;
- Cockatoo green unusual;
Also accepted varieties of gladioli classify by flowering. You can plant both early and late flowers in your garden. Breeders pay considerable attention to the classification of varieties of gladiolus by the size of the plant and the flowering itself. There are miniature, medium, large, small and giant gladioli. In this case, the classification sign is the diameter of the inflorescence, for example, the size of a miniature flower does not exceed 6 cm, while giant inflorescences can reach 14, 5 cm in diameter.
Gladiolus: care and cultivation
Before planting gladioli in open ground, you need to choose the right place. As a rule, gladioli like sunlight, so they need to be planted on a non-shaded area. If during the day the gladiolus is in the shade and in the sun, then the number of inflorescences on one stem can be halved.
Also, choosing a place for planting corms, pay attention to the presence of a number of other plants. Experienced gardeners advise planting gladioli in places at least three meters away from trees and shrubs so that more powerful plants do not take away moisture and nutrients.
How to plant gladiolus?
If you plant gladioli not for the first year, then you know that at the initial stage of corm, you need to carefully prepare for planting in the soil cover. For beginners, our short guide will help you:
- Remove the gladioli corms from storage and inspect them carefully. If children were formed, they must be separated from the main root system.
- Damaged or infected bulbs should be burned. If the tubers of gladiolus are damaged on the one hand, they can be cured and subsequently planted in open ground. To do this, take a well-disinfected knife and cut off all infected areas. Then the cut edges are processed with green paint and charcoal.
- All prepared corms are placed in a fertilized substrate and left in a warm place without direct sunlight. During this time, the roots will have time to germinate, but will not take root.
Such preparatory activities should be carried out on average one month before disembarkation. Children of gladioli can be prepared for disembarkation a little earlier.
Planted gladiolus tubers in the soil cover is recommended in late April or in the first half of May. If the ground is not warm enough or there is a threat of frost, the gladioli can be landed in a greenhouse or greenhouse:
- A small hole is dug in the open ground, the depth of which should not exceed 10-15 cm.
- Sand is poured inside the hole.
- As you know, gladioli are planted in rows. Between the plants need to leave gaps of about 15-20 cm, but the aisle should be at least 30 cm wide.
- The corm is laid out in the sand, and sprinkled on top of the fertilized soil.
- Newly planted gladiolus should be watered with warm, but not hot water.
Experienced gardeners recommend to change the place of landing of gladioli annually. It is best to return to the previous landing site not earlier than in 3-4 years.
How to care for gladiolus shoots?
To ensure that the root system of gladioli is well established, and the flowering period has passed without complications, careful and proper care should be taken after the seedlings. Necessarily planted gladioli should be constantly watered. Before the appearance of the first shoots, watering is best done with warm water. After the beginning of flowering, the irrigation regime should be abundant: by 1 square meter. m. need to spend 12-15 liters of water.
Water the plants without waiting for the soil to dry. Once the surface soil has dried slightly, water it. Be sure to soil around the gladioli need to constantly loosen. Also, plants like hilling - it preserves and strengthens rhizomes well.
If you want to achieve abundant and timely flowering of gladioli, then periodically feed fertilizer mixtures:
- The first time after planting should be applied fertilizer no earlier than 3 weeks. During this period, it is best to use fertilizers with a high phosphate content.
- After another month, you need to perform a second feeding of gladioli. In this case, potassium sulphate and a little superphosphate should be added to the existing fertilizer.
- The third time you need to perform watering fertilizer mixtures, when buds are formed on the stems.
It is recommended to feed plants more than three times per period. The peculiarity of gladiolus feeding is that, before the procedure and immediately after it, the soil under the flower must be watered abundantly with ordinary warm water. Too long plants must be tied up by installing a special support.
When the gladiolus ottsvetet, cut the stem, leaving at least 4 healthy leaves. It is necessary to strengthen the corm and its subsequent use. If the plant is affected by pathogenic microorganisms, it should immediately be removed from the flower bed to prevent the infection of other gladioli.
Diseases of gladioli
Gladioli are susceptible to various diseases of the root system, tubers, leaves and flowers. The most common ones are:
- root cancer;
- defeat by viral microorganisms.
When fusarium corms germinate poorly, and by appearance it is almost impossible to determine the presence of pathology. If such an onion is planted, it will simply rot. Sclerotinia is characterized by lesions of fungi. When fully defeated, the tuber dries out and mummifies. Such bulbs should be burned to prevent fungal infections from taking root in the soil cover.
When botrytiosis first affects the leaves and stems: they appear uncharacteristic spots brownish. If time does not take action, botrytiosis affects the corm gladiolus. The scab can only be detected after digging out the tubers. They will show sores and uncharacteristic spots. Such bulbs in the subsequent planted in the ground is not necessary. Septoria infection can affect both rhizome and gladioli leaves. By appearance, it is possible to determine this disease: brown-red spots and droplets will appear on the leaves and petals of the inflorescences.
When digging up corms, you can find yellowish growths, which are called rhizome cancer. Children in this case are not formed. The raid can be easily removed, but it is better not to plant such tubers next season. Insects can carry viral infections. Also, you can hit the gladiolus virus with a garden tool. Such plants need to dig and burn in order to avoid the spread of viruses. To prevent such diseases from overtaking the gladioli you grow, provide proper care for the plants, timely feeding and watering.
Gladiolus - very beautiful and almost picky flowers. With proper care, this flower will take pride of place in your flower bed and will delight with its appearance and aroma.