Embroidery in satin among all subspecies of this needlework is nothing more than close to painting: the products obtained, except as paintings, are not called - they are so lively and voluminous. And the most often used motif in satin stitch is, of course, flowers and other elements of flora. Beginners can simply try to embody simple color schemes in embroidery by satin stitch, more experienced craftswomen make up of several composition drawings.
Chinese Satin Embroidery: basic principles
The main tool and material in this simple task is a dense and elastic fabric (although with proper experience you can even work with a capricious chiffon): for training experienced needlewomen are advised to take calico that is pre-steamed or ironed, so that later work on no. It is also desirable to have a hoop, which will fix a certain tension of the fabric, soft cotton threads (ideal "floss"), and a needle, whose number depends on the selected material and thread.
The stitches for embroidery on satin stitch - Chinese and traditional - are even, not more than 7 mm in length. They can be laid out not only in the longitudinal or transverse direction, but also diagonally, as well as around the circumference, when the needle leaves the center several times, but always at different points. Filling the contour usually takes place in several rows, since it is impossible to lengthen the stitches, this will have a negative effect on the picture, and the dimensions of the element almost always exceed the indicated 7 mm. At the same time, stitches are made with a “forward needle” seam and necessarily fit very closely to each other - here lies the very foundation of the smoothness of the resulting web.
As a scheme for embroidery satin (flowers, leaves and other elements), you can take even regular coloring for kids for training: they have large enough details to work out a simple stitch. At the same time there you can find a wide variety of ideas that will attract even experienced craftswomen.
Embroidered: master class
If you are not yet confident in your own strengths and skills in satin stitch, poppies are a great option for trial training. Embroidering their work stalk will not make up, so all attention will be given to the flower bud. It is with him to do the bulk of the work. Pre-prepared tools: a needle of a suitable size, a pen, a sheet of tracing paper, a cloth on which a drawing will appear, as well as threads. For the most voluminous and realistic poppy flower, black threads are needed, as well as several shades of red - they should vary from dark to medium lightness. You will also need a muted yellow-green and dark greens for the stem.
- The selected image is printed in the required size, transferred to tracing paper, and from it already - on the fabric. With good perception of lines, you can even immediately transfer a sketch of a future flower to fabric: do it best with a pen, but with very thin lines - it will not be erased as if you worked with a pencil, and at the same time it will be washed out without problems.
- Almost all elements of poppies will be embroidered with a simple (straight) satin stitch: it is recommended to begin from the base of the petal, making them black, then move on to the dark red middle and neutral red border of the petal. The direction is observed the same, the needle each time goes from the center of the bud to the ends of the petals. To increase the width of the petal, the stitches are slightly shifted diagonally, and for the rounded edge their length varies.
- Changes in technology begin when it comes to the front petals with a bent edge: to show their volume, you need to change the direction of the stitches in the opposite direction and slightly divert to the diagonal.
- The poppy core is embroidered around the circle with black threads, the boll is muffled yellow-green, creating the look of a fluffy round ball, the threads each time go out from the center and stretch to the edges of the circle.
- The needlewoman’s poppy stalks recommend stitching with stitched seams, and making the leaves with the same simple satin stitch, but now the exit point should be the middle vertical line of the sheet, from which the stitches will go to the edges and upwards, lying diagonally. To the highest point (the sharp corner of the sheet), they should become shorter, and more and more reach up.
If you want to get more delicate flowers, replace black with pure red, instead of red with medium lightness, use a whitened shade, and also make a border of petals with red - this will allow you to affix sun glare on the flowers. The same applies to the leaves: the general clarification of the range will significantly change the perception of embroidery.-
How to work with embroidery stitch patterns: flowers and leaves
If you disassemble the color schemes for embroidery on the surface (and not only them), you will notice that in themselves they are not much different from simple sketches in a hurry. They are completely flat, and this may affect the final work. Therefore, experienced craftswomen recommend not only to transfer the selected pattern to the fabric, but first to prepare with it, which is to create volumes and cavities. Or, to put it another way - putting shadows and highlights.
The usual petal, if it is monochromatic, is drawn in the shape of a softened triangle, and in addition to these lines there is nothing in it. Your task is to mark with a pencil or pen areas where the light is actively falling and those that are shaded. In addition, you can imagine whether this petal bends, or lies absolutely straight. Even in the latter case, its entire surface cannot look the same - small glares will appear somewhere, streaks will appear somewhere. Only after you think over each cell of the flower, you can transfer the pattern to the fabric.
You can use absolutely any pattern of colors for satin stitch as a scheme, if you translate it into black and white mode and enhance the contrast, turning the previously volumetric version into a flat and clear one. The main thing is that it is convenient for you to work with the elements, and you can understand in which direction to lead the stitches for one or another part of the image.