The garden for its owner is a real creative laboratory, because every gardener is trying to make the land entrusted to him almost a work of art. One of the effective techniques is planting plants that give the garden an exotic look. These include castor, which is often called garden palm.
Types of garden palm trees
The castor is its name due to the shape of the seeds, which look like ticks. This plant has other names: castorca, Turkish hemp, paradise tree. By its origin, it is southerner - in Africa, the castor is a perennial that grows into solid "trees" up to 10 m in height. Southern origin affects the methods of growing the castor in the Russian conditions - freezing is not on the shoulder, therefore, in our country it is planted as an annual.
Exotic view Your garden plot with castor oil on it will receive thanks to its large palmate-lobed leaves, which look like something between a maple leaf and a leaf of hemp. Flowers and castor bean fruits will also be an ornament - in some varieties the size of peduncles reaches 1 m.
In our country, the most popular are 5 types of garden palms, which differ from each other not only in appearance, but also in different needs for care.
- Borbon castor oil is a plant whose photo looks more like a photo of a tree, as it has a very powerful trunk. During the summer castor grows in height to 3 m, and the trunk can reach 15 cm in diameter. The leaves of Borbone castor are glossy, bright green.
- The most popular garden palm tree variety in our country is castor bean. She is best tolerated by all the vicissitudes of the whimsical Russian climate (during the warm period, of course) and is quite unpretentious, so even a novice will cope with its breeding. The leaves of the ordinary castor is shiny, green, as well as the stem.
- The Gibson castor is more demanding to care, but it attracts so many gardeners with the unusual metallic tint of its green leaves.
- Zanzibar castor leaves have bright purple, red fruits. This is also a common form, besides it can grow quite high - up to 2 m.
- Indian castor oil requires a lot of care at the stage of caring for seedlings, but it has a very original appearance - almost black stem, bright green leaves and red fruits.
No matter what kind of castor you chose to plant on your plot, it is important to remember one thing: this plant is poisonous. Therefore, if young children in the garden like to run around, who are dragging everything into their mouths, it is better to abstain from planting a castor tree. When caring for a plant (weeding, transplanting, watering, etc.), be sure to use gloves, and after gardening, wash hands thoroughly with soap and water.
How to grow a common clove?
- First of all, you need to choose a place of constant growth of the plant. The heat-loving castor oil plant is perfectly acclimatized in the lighted areas, but it does not tolerate wind and drafts - consider this. The high growth of castor bean makes it possible to plant it together with any ornamental plants, including undersized ones. It is also worth remembering that this is a fast-growing culture, and its stems and leaves are quite heavy, and at a certain stage of growth it will need support. Therefore, plan for the final planting of the castor in such a way that in the future you can substitute support for the stems under it, or plant it near a decorative vertical grid on which the stems and leaves will rest.
- The soil should be fertile and well drained. The castor is very sensitive to nitrogenous fertilizers - before planting it is recommended to bring them into the ground. Also, feeding will not be superfluous during the flowering period.
- Planting seeds of castor bean can be in open ground - in early or mid-May, at a distance of 60-80 cm from each other. To decorate a small area is enough 2-3 bushes. Seeds are sown 2-3 in one hole, and when the castor grows, it will be necessary to thin it, leaving the strongest seedlings.
- Sown immediately in open ground castor blossom blooms late, and the fruits do not have time to form by the end of summer. Therefore, it is better to plant it in a seedling way; for this, seeds are sown in pots for indoor plants (since seedlings can grow to 1 m in height) in late March - early April.
- Germination of castor bean seeds is unimportant, and it is advisable to make scarification before sowing, that is, to rub the seeds with slightly emery paper and then soak overnight in a growth stimulator. Seeds are laid out in the ground at a depth of 2-5 cm and left in a lit place, they do not need to be watered.
- After a few days, shoots appear and immediately begin to grow actively. Experienced gardeners, so that during the "home" period they do not transfer seedlings, which can injure the roots, sow the seeds in pots filled with earth only half, and then gradually grow the soil along the growth of the seedling.
- Be careful - young seedlings may need your help in getting rid of the seedbed sheath, as it is very dense. Lightly moisten it, and then gently remove the shell with tweezers.
- After the seedlings have the first true leaf, you need to put them in a cool bright place until the transplant in the open ground. Transplantation is quite easy - the plants are pulled out of the pots along with the ground, the roots are rather tightly intertwined, so that the soil practically does not crumble, and they are planted in a permanent place.
- At first, the plant planted in open ground will need weeding, because its root system is not yet able to suppress weeds. Do not forget about watering. It is possible to water castor oil according to the scheme: every 5 days, 10 liters of water.
Zanzibar Castor Bean: Growing From Seeds
The dark-red leaves of the Zanzibar garden palm trees will make your plot not just an exotic place, but will literally give it a fantastic look.
Cultivation of this variety does not differ much from the cultivation of castor bean. However, there are nuances. The germination of seeds of Zanzibar castor is even lower than that of ordinary, so when growing seedlings, it is better to sow 2-3 seeds in one pot. When the seedlings grow by 15-20 cm in height, it will be necessary to thin them out - leave the strongest, cut the rest down to the root (if several have grown). However, the "extra" seedlings can be transplanted, only very carefully. Further castor does not cause any trouble until the landing in open ground.
If you want Zanzibar castor oil to continue throughout the summer, do not skimp on frequent and abundant watering, and also from time to time (once every 3 weeks) apply additional fertilizer - 1:20 bird droppings solution. See for yourself how the castor will “rejoice” at such attention, and how it will thank you in large flowers.
To decorate the garden area any castor is suitable - growing from the seeds of this plant is not accompanied by serious hassle. Perhaps that is why she is so loved by Russian gardeners.