What is std in women?

Many of us go to the doctor when health is already running. Meanwhile, sexually transmitted diseases identified in the early stages are usually easily and quickly cured. Therefore, it is important to know the symptoms of zppp in women. If we neglect the early diagnosis, the infection can go into a chronic stage and even lead to infertility.

What is zppp in women? These are those infectious and viral diseases that are transmitted through sexual contact. STDs are much more common than many of us think. Among men, these diseases are more common, but women are not insured against them. If we talk about statistics, every day more than 200 million women in the world "get hold of" one of the most common sexually transmitted infections: trichomoniasis, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia. Many people live and do not know about the existence of a problem for years, ignoring the symptoms of its manifestation. Viral infections (which, by the way, are incurable) - cytomegalovirus, HPV - are infected with more than 90% of the world's population. In most cases, they are transmitted through sex.

Common manifestations of "delicate" problems

What is STD in women

Such illnesses, as a rule, have an infectious nature. Symptoms of zppp in women can manifest themselves in different ways depending on the specific infection. But if we talk about the common signs of sexually transmitted diseases, we can distinguish the most common:

  • menstrual irregularities (possible bloody spotting in the intervals between the "red days of the calendar");
  • rash, redness on the genitals and in the anus;
  • itching and other discomfort in the area of ​​the reproductive organs;
  • discharge with an unpleasant odor, yellow, green, white (especially in large quantities);
  • pain when urinating, more frequent urging to the toilet;
  • swollen lymph nodes in the groin;
  • vaginal pain during intimate contact.

Unfortunately, signs of STDs in women may be absent, and only tests can detect the presence of a problem. Very often, the suspicion of an infection arises when it is found in a sexual partner (in men, the signs appear more acutely and vividly). Therefore, periodic examination is an opportunity to protect yourself from the transition of intimate sores to a more severe form.

The most frequent "guests" of the beautiful half of humanity

If we talk about the specific signs of infection, they can differ depending on the type of infection, the extent of its spread in the body, its individual characteristics. Let us consider the most often infectious venereal diseases affecting the beautiful half of humanity - their names, incubation periods and manifestations.

infectious sexually transmitted diseases - their names

  1. Gonorrhea. The incubation period is from 2 to 10 days. Symptoms in the weaker sex: discharge with an unpleasant smell, pulling pains in the lower abdomen and sharp pains when urinating.
  2. Chlamydia. 1 to 3 weeks. Symptoms are either not present or they appear poorly (insignificant discharge, disruptions in the female cycle).
  3. Ureaplasmosis. From 3 to 5 weeks. Pain when urinating, sexual contact.
  4. Mycoplasmosis. It can also be asymptomatic, in rare cases (at an advanced stage) inflammation of the appendages and ovaries develops.
  5. Trichomoniasis. 1 to 4 weeks. Accompanied by false urination, mucous discharge from the vagina.
  6. Syphilis. 3 to 4 weeks. Symptoms appear quickly, the most specific - the formation of ulcers on the labia.

Now for viral STDs:

  1. Genital herpes. From 1 to 30 days. Small ulcers on the genitals.
  2. Cytomegalovirus. From 1 to 15 days. This period may be accompanied by fever, sore throat, inflammation of the cervical lymph nodes - the classic manifestations of a cold. After incubation, it may be asymptomatic (until the immunity is weakened).
  3. Hiv From 2 weeks to 10 years. In the initial stages of the disease may not manifest.
  4. Viral hepatitis. The incubation period depends on the group of the disease - as well as the symptoms.

Viral diseases that are sexually transmitted, most often occur without external signs. They begin to manifest only when a woman’s immunity is weakened. It is necessary to guard, if the inguinal lymph nodes are inflamed, well-being deteriorates, weight drops sharply.

Diagnostics

STD Tests for Women

If a woman’s sex life is active and the symptoms listed above occur, urgent diagnosis is necessary. STD tests for women are presented by several types of studies. The most reliable and widely used in medical practice are:

  • bacterioscopy, or smear on flora. Using a disposable tool, using a small mirror, the doctor takes a smear from the vagina;
  • culture method (bacteriological study of microflora). A very accurate way to determine the presence of pathogens even with their small concentration. Smear taken with a special swab;
  • PCR (DNA diagnostics) is the definition of smear polymerase chain reaction. It is taken using a brush from the cervical canal. Pre-doctor removes mucus (if available) with a cotton swab;
  • blood from a vein for the determination of antibodies to a virus or infection (serological method).

Each of the studies requires preliminary preparation, the rules must be read in advance. If there is a suspicion of a specific disease, it is enough to pass the analysis on him. For prevention, it makes sense to periodically diagnose all the most common STDs listed above.

Thus, STDs in women are quite common. If there are at least minimal symptoms, it is important to immediately check for infections and viruses. Timely diagnosis will help to avoid serious consequences that can hurt the body as a whole and reproductive abilities in particular.

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