Every cell of the human body requires oxygen, which is transported by hemoglobin. The level of this substance is determined by a blood test, and significant deviations from the norms indicate a malfunction of the internal organs or systems. Experts advise not to ignore high hemoglobin. What is the danger of such an indicator?
Norms and causes of deviations
Elevated hemoglobin for the female body is considered to be more than 150g / l, and for the male - over 170g / l. This level increases the risk of blood thickening, slowing its circulation. This leads to a lack of oxygen in the cells, the appearance of blood clots and plaques. The risk of serious illness increases.
Why is high hemoglobin, what is the danger of this failure for the body? Most often, an excess of the norm indicates abnormal functioning of the internal organs, for example, in diabetes mellitus or malignant neoplasms. It can also occur due to very severe physical exertion. One of the most common causes is smoking. And for residents of highland areas, elevated hemoglobin is the norm, which is explained by rarefied air.
We notice the symptoms - do not allow the consequences
If hemoglobin significantly exceeds the norm, human well-being changes. You may notice such features:
- redness of small areas of skin;
- increased fatigue;
- the constant desire to sleep and at the same time difficulty falling asleep;
- lack of appetite;
- vision problems.
You should tell the doctor about these symptoms and pass the tests. After all, a violation of the blood can lead to complex consequences in terms of correction. What is the danger of high hemoglobin in men and women? Here are the possible effects:
- excessive blood density and viscosity;
- insufficient supply of oxygen to the cells of the body; the brain suffers most;
- stagnation, difficulty of blood circulation, because of which the cold in the hands and feet is constantly felt;
- the appearance of seizures;
- the development of anemia;
- frequent headaches;
- plaque formation, vascular occlusion, which can provoke ischemic heart disease, stroke, heart attack, thromboembolism.
It is important for expectant mothers to know the danger of high hemoglobin in women during pregnancy. If excess of the norm is observed in the first trimester, then there is no particular reason to worry. In the following weeks, the situation should stabilize. When elevated hemoglobin is maintained for a long period, this may indicate an insufficient content of folic acid and vitamin B12 in the body. In addition, it may manifest violations of the heart or kidneys.
Ways to reduce hemoglobin
To measure hemoglobin levels, it is necessary to donate blood for a clinical analysis. If necessary, the doctor determines measures to reduce it. As a rule, this change in diet, first of all, the exclusion of products with high iron content. It should also be strictly limited to the consumption of fats, which increase the level of cholesterol and the risk of blockage of blood vessels. And seafood, fish, legumes and greens, on the contrary, are advised to include more active in the menu.
It is contraindicated to use multivitamin complexes, which include vitamins C and group B. In such preparations should not be components such as iron and copper. To normalize hemoglobin levels, the doctor may prescribe special medications.
High hemoglobin is a sign of certain disorders in the body’s vital activity. When symptoms appear, it is better not to postpone visiting the doctor and taking the test. It is easier to prevent complications than to treat the consequences. And to maintain the desired composition of blood will help moderate exercise and proper nutrition.