The human body is a very complex mechanism. For its full functioning, daily consumption of nutrients, minerals, trace elements and vitamins is necessary. In addition, the body needs amino acids, which can come not only with food. Today, manufacturers of pharmacological drugs offer amino acids in the form of active biological additives. In this article we will look at why amino acids are needed and what role they play in our life.
What are amino acids for the human body?
Amino acids are organic chemical compounds that together form proteins. Everyone knows that his diet should contain in the required amount of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. However, few people know that under the influence of gastric juice, when digesting food, protein splits into amino acids. What is so important amino acids? And with their help, all connective tissues and muscles in the body are formed.
Some amino acids are absorbed into the bloodstream, and they replenish the energy supply of a person. Amino acids are involved not only in the formation of organs and tissues, but also in the release of useful energy, which we urgently need daily. They also play an important role in the formation of digestive enzymes, mediators and even some hormones.
The most necessary amino acids: types of organic compounds
Amino acids needed by the human body, from a scientific point of view, are conventionally divided into three broad categories:
- amino acids that can be replaced;
- essential compounds;
- amino acids with conditional substitution.
Let's look at each subgroup of amino acids in more detail. So, the first group includes amino acids that cannot be replaced. As a rule, they enter our body along with food. Under the influence of gastric juice and enzymes, proteins break down into amino acids, and our organism uses the organic compounds that have appeared for the desired purposes. Such amino acids cannot be synthesized independently. In addition to food, the source of essential amino acids are sports drugs.
The amino acids of this group include:
- phenylalanine - this type of amino acid is actively involved in the formation of cartilage and articular tissue, and also helps the body send signals from the nerve endings to the cerebral cortex;
- Valine - under the influence of valine amino acid, strong and healthy muscle tissue is formed, with the help of this substance our body adapts more easily to cold and heat;
- isoleucine is an amino acid with which free energy is accumulated in muscle tissues;
- lysine is an amino acid substance, under the influence of which the necessary amount of oxygen is freely supplied to the muscle tissues, with its help carnitine is synthesized in the body;
- threonine - is considered the main element involved in the construction of connective tissue layers, with its help there is a natural cleansing of the liver;
- Leucine is a very important amino acid that acts as a foundation in building the immune system, with a sufficient amount of it, the natural defenses of the body cope with diseases;
- tryptophan - this amino acid is rightly the main source of serotonin production, which affects the pain threshold, sensitivity, normalization of sleep and metabolic processes;
- Methionine is an amino acid substance that is actively involved in the regeneration of the renal and hepatic connective tissue layers.
Replaceable amino acid compounds can be independently produced in our body. The following amino acids belong to this class:
- glycine is a substance under the influence of which the general condition is normalized, independently begins to be produced by the body during a breakdown;
- Alanine is an amino acid that regulates sugar levels during stressful situations, and it is precisely this that is derived from muscle tissue;
- Glutamine - helps to improve memory and concentration, with excessive loads helps the body in the enhanced mode to produce free energy;
- Asparagine is an amino acid that, in combination with an indispensable line, participates in the functioning of the immune system.
The third category includes amino acids, which can be conditionally replaced. They are produced by our body arbitrarily from irreplaceable organic compounds. These include:
- cystine is an essential amino acid for the production of collagen and the fight against inflammatory processes;
- Histidine is an amino acid substance that takes part in blood formation and muscle tissue formation;
- arginine is essential for muscle growth, and also plays an important role in liver detoxification;
- Tyrosine - an amino acid involved in the functioning of the thyroid gland, is produced by the body when stressful situations arise.
How much does the body need amino acids?
Most often, the intake of amino acids is appointed by a sports doctor or by a health care professional to compensate for the lack of organic compounds. If amino acids are prescribed to improve muscle growth, their reception can be divided into four stages:
- before exercise;
- during training sessions;
- after training;
- before bedtime.
As mentioned above, each subtype of amino acids has a specific function and contributes to the normalization of building, protective, energy and metabolic processes. They should be taken on the strict prescription of the attending specialist, precisely at the time when they are urgently needed by the body.
The doctor will distribute the intake of amino acids in groups depending on the time of their assimilation and synthesis. If you want to build a beautiful relief muscle mass, then sports attending specialists and nutritionists advise you to consume daily amino acids from 10 to 30 g. health and weight.
Why take amino acids when training?
For professional athletes, the intake of amino acids is essential. Under the influence of organic compounds of various subgroups, muscle tissue can grow and strengthen faster. As it is known, protein is considered the main building block for building muscle relief, but sometimes it is not enough to obtain the required amount of formed amino acids.
Acceptance of amino acids during physical exertion helps to cope with muscle pain, as well as these substances increase endurance and increase the endurance threshold. Taking the amino acids immediately before bedtime, you can enhance the anabolic processes, thereby accelerating muscle growth. Very often, amino acids are assigned to people involved in bodybuilding.
Contraindications and side effects
As such, contraindications to the reception of amino acids are not identified. However, these drugs should be taken only after consultation with your doctor or a sports nutritionist. The light proteins that enter the body cannot be absorbed by the muscle tissue completely; therefore, when they are removed, the urinary system is very heavily loaded.
No side effects resulting from the intake of amino acids as food additives have been identified. It is these organic compounds that are considered a natural product that is necessary for the full functioning of the body. Non-compliance with the dosage will not lead to complicated consequences. There is an opinion that if you stop taking amino acids after prolonged use, the muscle tissue will become flabby and lose its tone.
As you can see, amino acids are very important for maintaining the full functioning of the human body. Each type of organic matter plays an important role in the structure of muscle and connective tissue layers. Whether amino acids are needed is up to you. But do not forget that they should be taken as separate supplements only after passing the examination and consultation with the attending specialist.