Many parents try to teach the baby to walk as early as possible. However, they do not suspect that such a rush may provoke some diseases and the improper development of the crumbs. The most common pathology is valgus deformity of the foot in children. On the causes, symptoms and methods of its treatment today and will be discussed.
The word is given to the doctor-orthopedist
Often in the philistine conversations of young parents, we hear how they boast that their pussy began to walk confidently as early as 9-10 months, at a time when his peers were still quietly moving through crawling or walking. However, many parents do not even suspect that the weakness of the muscular tissues and the musculoskeletal system may provoke in children the development of such a disease as flat-valgus deformity of the foot.
It is almost impossible not to notice deviations from the norm when a baby is walking, so parents begin to sound the alarm even at the initial stage of development of the pathology. Flat-valgus deformity of the foot in a child is characterized by the abnormal development of its arch. Some people in everyday life often say that, for example, Petrov’s legs resemble the letter “X”. It is precisely such a colloquial expression that characterizes such a dangerous and insidious affliction.
In addition, crumbs develop flat feet. Looking at the baby's foot, you simply will not see the bends, that is, the full arch of the foot will be completely absent.
In medical practice, specialized doctors distinguish two forms of valgus deformity:
If the baby has already been born with a curvature of the arch of the foot, this means that the pathology has developed within the mother's womb. The acquired form most often appears as a result of inadequate development of the musculoskeletal system or hypotension of muscle tissue.
The following diseases can determine the development of the arch of the foot:
- acute respiratory diseases;
If the baby often suffers from the aforementioned ailments, then the valgus deformity of the foot can become a completely natural complication. However, you should not despair of parents, since this pathology is amenable to successful and often painless treatment.
Often, a violation of the structure of the arch of the foot is also caused by the development of more dangerous neuromuscular ailments, in particular:
- cerebral palsy;
Excessive body weight can also cause foot deformity. The fact is that the baby’s vertebral column and its bones do not withstand such a load, as a result of which the deformation occurs.
How to recognize the disease?
Before we consider the main symptoms of the development of valgus deformity of the foot and how to treat it, I would like to draw the attention of fathers and mothers to the fact that this disease has four stages. The first three stages are amenable to successful therapeutic treatment, and the symptoms at any time are considered pronounced.
As for the fourth stage of development of the pathology, along with therapeutic treatment, surgical intervention may be required, since the knee joints are involved in the process of foot deformity. We will return to the treatment later, but now let's talk about the characteristic symptoms.
How to recognize that the child has an incorrectly formed arch of the foot? The following signs will tell you about it:
- The gait of the baby, in your opinion, is imperfect, the knees are kept together all the time, and in shape the legs resemble the letter "X".
- Even in a horizontal position, the ankles do not touch each other when the legs are flattened.
- Pay attention to the heels of the baby: when deformed, they will disperse in opposite directions.
- With the development of a defect, the crumb comes only on the inside of the foot, while shoes are worn down in a similar way, which is visible to the naked eye.
- At the crumbs during the deformation of the arch of the foot, one more defect is visible - flatfoot. When walking, part of the bend completely touches the surface.
- As the disease progresses, the baby may complain of pain and rapid fatigue, especially after physical activity or long walking.
- The kid may even limp due to improper formation of the arch of the foot.
If you notice one of the above signs, then you can not ignore it. Contact your specialist doctor and go through a comprehensive examination. In most cases, this defect is eliminated in a short time therapeutically and the crumbs of the feet develop correctly.
Will massage help?
Massage in case of valgus foot deformity in children helps to correct the defect in the prevailing number of cases. If the baby has a congenital pathology, then the first massage actions can be performed at the age of 1.5-2 months. It is best to entrust the matter to a specialist who knows how to properly massage, so that the procedure is effective and painless.
As medical practice shows, at the age of up to two years, it is massage that becomes a priority method of treating foot valgus in children. At the initial stage of the disease, 12 sessions are enough to correct the arch of the foot. In other cases, it is recommended to conduct a course consisting of 20 massage treatments. The duration of one manipulation varies from 10 to 20 minutes. If necessary, the orthopedic surgeon may advise you to repeat the treatment course.
During the execution of massage actions are used such techniques:
- tapping, etc.
The profile doctor who will do the massage will surely tell the parents how to prepare the baby for the procedure. Be prepared that at first the baby will be naughty and cry. This does not mean that he is experiencing pain, most likely, it is just unpleasant and uncomfortable.
We treat the foot defect correctly
Treatment of flat-valgus foot deformities in children must be comprehensive and competent. That is why it is so important to seek qualified help from an orthopedist. The complex of measures aimed at the treatment of such a defect of the arch of the foot, includes the following procedures:
- foot baths;
- calcium supplementation;
- wax wrapping;
- magnetic therapeutic manipulations;
It is very important for the further correct development of the foot and the correction of the existing defect to choose suitable shoes for the child. The feet of the baby should always be in comfort, without excessive pressure or bending. When making such a diagnosis, mothers and fathers should first of all take care of choosing suitable sneakers or sandals for their offspring.
The backdrop in the right shoes must be rigid, and the instep support must be high. Shoes, which in everyday life is called orthopedic, should be worn only during the treatment period. Constantly wear it is not necessary, because muscle tissue and joints must develop and strengthen.
And what does Komarovsky say?
Yevgeny Olegovich Komarovsky is a well-known pediatrician in many post-Soviet countries. He believes that the valgus deformity of the feet in children is an unserious pathology, which is successfully amenable to therapeutic treatment at the initial stage of development.
A pediatrician advises, first of all, not to be ahead of nature and to observe all stages of the development of the crumbs in stages. So, he strongly recommends that the baby be taught to walk no earlier than seven months, since until this age the infant's musculoskeletal system is not able to withstand heavy loads. The doctor also tells parents that it is not necessary to correct the visible defect on their own, and for this purpose, qualified pediatricians and orthopedists work in any medical institution.
In addition to the above methods of treatment and, of course, massage procedures, the baby should systematically walk barefoot on grass, stones, etc. For this purpose it is best to purchase special mats. Thus, you will not only help the correct development of the foot of the crumbs, but also protect it from the wounds and injuries that it can get when walking on the asphalted pavement or stone walkway in nature.
At any stage of this pathology of the foot, as a valgus deformity, is subject to successful treatment. Often parents notice deviations as soon as the crumb begins to take the first steps. Do not ignore such signals and hope that everything will pass by itself. Timely diagnostics and help of an orthopedist will allow your baby to experience true joy while cognizing the world around. Be healthy!