Vaccinations - a controversial issue of our time, especially when it comes to children. No matter where you go, there is a risk everywhere, because you can get a serious complication after vaccination. And everyone chooses an acceptable option on their own. We will understand when you need the vaccine ADS-M, from what it saves and what consequences it threatens.
Why do you need the vaccine ADS-M?
ADS-M-toxoid is a vaccine that contains a mixture of purified toxoids of diphtheria and tetanus. By itself, toxoid is a neutralized toxin, which as a result of exposure to formalin and a certain temperature has lost its toxic capabilities, but its antigenic properties, along with the ability to invoke an immune response, have been preserved.
Biologically active drug is completely harmless and is characterized by the inability to return toxic properties even under any effects. The purpose of the introduction of this vaccine is the production in the body of stable immunity to diphtheria and tetanus infections.
When are they vaccinated?
Means ADS-M was developed for further revaccination of children 6 and 6 years old who had previously been vaccinated against diphtheria and tetanus. It can also be given to children with contraindications for DPT vaccine.
The drug is used for the purpose of emergency treatment of tetanus:
- with trauma to the skin and mucous membranes;
- when biting an animal;
- with burns and frostbite;
- with prolonged abscess;
- with gangrene.
In addition, ADS-M vaccination is also prescribed for adults for subsequent revaccination every ten years until any age. Those who have not previously been vaccinated against diphtheria and have not acted as a carrier of bacilli of pathogens, in the absence of the medical history of this disease, should receive a full course of immunization.
Inoculation with ADS-M is made into the gluteus or the anterior surface of the thigh. The injection is administered intramuscularly. Adults allow the introduction under the skin in the area under the scapula.
How to prepare for vaccination?
Preparation for vaccination must necessarily rely on a normal lifestyle, which includes a balance of nutrition, exercise, living conditions, work and good rest. At the time of immunization, the child or adult must be completely healthy. It is necessary to take into account any doubts on this score, up to carrying out a complete blood count before the vaccination and the doctor’s examination of its results.
It is also necessary to reduce the load on the intestines. Three days before and the day after you need to eat limited amounts of food, and on the day of the introduction of the vaccine, at least an hour and as much after vaccination, you should not eat. You should know that you can not be vaccinated, if in the past 24 hours there was no chair. In addition, the body to be vaccinated should not lack liquid.
Possible side effects of vaccination
The vaccine ADS-M refers to drugs with low reactogenicity. In some cases, the appearance of short general and local reactions of the body, such as:-
- general malaise;
- increase in body temperature;
- pain of the place of injection;
One of the most common reactions of the body to vaccination - fever. In this case, the doctor may prescribe the use of such drugs as:
- antipyretic drugs with different active ingredient;
- rehydration products.
If the temperature is within the normal range, it is necessary to stay in the fresh air as long as possible. Bathing should be discarded anyway.
Immediately after vaccination, leaving a medical facility is not recommended. It is worth the wait, or at least not far to walk. This is necessary in case of an unexpected reaction of the body to the vaccine with the aim of providing professional first aid.
Allergic reactions are quite rare. But one cannot exclude immediate-type allergies, so after vaccination the doctor observes the patient for at least half an hour, and the vaccination rooms are equipped with anti-shock agents. Injections of the drug ADS-M are no longer used for further vaccination, if its use has led to complications in the form of a severe allergy.
Who is contracted for ADS-M vaccination?
There are a number of contraindications for the vaccination drug ADS-M. These include:
- the presence of an infectious disease;
- chronic diseases in the period of exacerbation;
- viral hepatitis;
- diffuse autoimmune diseases;
- severe allergic diseases;
- hereditary malignant diseases;
The vaccination is allowed to do only after full recovery or the end of the period of exacerbation of the disease. Planned vaccinations drug carried out a month after vaccination against other infections.
What is being said about the vaccine?
Reviews of the vaccine ADS-M can be found very different:
- Anton: "Each individual reaction to vaccinations. For example, I had no complications."
- Valeria: "I was given this vaccine, there was a feeling of weakness, the temperature rose a little, but the next day everything went away."
- Elena: "We had no side effects."
- Svetlana: "I am against vaccinations, I used to do to children, but recently I have been writing only refusals."
Vaccinated or their parents should be attentive and immediately respond if careless attitude of medical personnel is noticed. This refers to the quality of the vaccine, compliance with the terms and conditions of its storage, the use of drugs with broken packaging. All rules of administration of the drug should be observed with registration in the established forms of accounting. Health to you!