Do you often cough and it is not directly related to the flu or other infections? Perhaps these are signs of bronchitis in an adult. According to the Institute of Health, up to 40% of people who come to the clinic with a normal cough suffer from this disease.
Bronchitis: attack on adults
Generally speaking, bronchitis is an inflammatory process that occurs in the mucous membrane of the bronchi and is accompanied by coughing and sputum production. In medical practice, this disease is divided into several subspecies, depending on the form, its causes and characteristics of development.
So, if a cough worries for more than three months, or even for several years, it is a chronic form of bronchitis. This form of the disease seriously complicates breathing, especially at night during sleep, and is difficult to treat.
Another subspecies of wet cough is a viral infection, when bronchitis is caused by pathogenic bacteria that have settled in the lungs. It is considered that this form is rather a side effect or complication after an acute respiratory viral infection, than a disease of a particular species, and it is impossible to catch it in other ways. However, in fact, germs can easily be transmitted from colleagues, family members or in transport.
In addition, bronchitis may be allergic. It occurs seasonally when sensitive receptors react sharply to pollen, nectar of some plants and other allergens. The complexity of this type of disease is that, if improperly treated, allergic bronchitis can develop into asthma.
Depending on the form and stage of the disease, each subspecies of bronchitis in adults has certain characteristics and has its own distinctive symptoms. Let us dwell on this in more detail.
The microbe got into the bronchi
Acute bronchitis comes on the background of a viral respiratory viral disease that has not been treated well or carried on the feet. The cause of this phenomenon are microbes, tightly entrenched in the bronchi. Often the disease, except for strong and debilitating cough, is accompanied by increased body temperature. These signs should already be a significant reason to consult a doctor.
With a slight course of bronchitis in an adult with a temperature on the background of general malaise, the following signs appear:
- dry "barking" cough, disturbing, as a rule, at night and accompanied by pain in the chest;
- low-grade fever - elevated body temperature is long and ranges from 37.5 to 38 degrees, and in rare cases, higher;
- with a strong cough, headaches, burning in the throat, increased intracranial pressure;
- there are pains and heaviness in the muscles and joints.
Since the cause of this condition is a virus, it is risky to carry acute bronchitis “on legs”, because it is likely that microbes from the bronchi will fall into the lungs, and you still have to be treated, but only from bronchopneumonia.
Disease comes from childhood
The condition of the patient with bronchitis in chronic form is described by doctors as quite satisfactory over a long period. The peak of exacerbation occurs only in winter. Cough most often worries in the morning, with it comes heavy breathing, and less often - shortness of breath. The disease begins to develop against the background of infections in young or young children and reaches its peak closer to 40 years of age.
At the time of exacerbation, the signs of chronic bronchitis in adults are as follows:
- sharp and overwhelming headache, migraine;
- loss of performance, constant fatigue, even with the slightest physical exertion;
- deep cough with sputum bright green, yellow or purulent color;
- aching constant pain in the chest and abdomen;
- Against the general background, the temperature often rises, fever and chills can begin;
- when listening to the lungs, you can distinguish small dry wheezing, hard breathing.
Most often, male smokers suffer from chronic bronchitis. That is why the disease is popularly called "smoker's cough." Exacerbations in this case occur much more often - about 2-3 times throughout the year, and over time the disease becomes more pronounced.
Red nose, swollen eyelids and cough
Allergic bronchitis appears with prolonged contact of a person with allergen factors. These include nectar, pollen or particles of seasonal plants, animal wool and fluff, cosmetics, perfumes and household chemicals. A distinctive feature of allergic cough from other forms is that there is no increased body temperature, and the sputum secreted from the bronchi is not of a purulent or muco-purulent character.
Often, all the symptoms of the disease disappear after contact with pathogens stops. Signs of allergic bronchitis in an adult without a temperature may be:
- loss of appetite;
- redness, swelling of the eyelids;
- acute rhinitis;
- itching on the skin;
- dry, persistent cough;
- scattered wheezing and shortness of breath.
The peak of the exacerbation of the disease occurs at the beginning of spring, summer and early autumn, when the first leaflets are blooming in nature, and domestic animals replace the down with a lighter wool coat. In winter, as a rule, only a few suffer from allergic cough.
Often, the appearance of an adult cough alone does not cause a well-grounded desire to go to the doctor, and we are trying in every way to crush the infection in the bud. However, this behavior is unreasonable. It is important to understand that the sooner a problem is identified, the easier and faster the treatment will be. Therefore, the most faithful action by the patient will be a timely appeal to the therapist. Be healthy!