As it is known, the eruption of the "eighth" teeth is not always easy and painless. Quite often, this physiological process becomes pathological - in this case, intervention cannot be avoided. But if you follow the recommendations in good faith after the wisdom tooth is removed, then you can forget about the pain and inflammation as soon as possible.
The eighth molars are located in a hard-to-reach jaw, which makes their treatment or removal much more difficult. In addition, with age, the gum thickens and painfully reacts to the growth of the tooth, the space for which may not be enough. This leads to its retention or curvature, and later - to the displacement of the entire dentition.
If the tooth is too crooked, the doctor will have to remove it in stages, pre-sawed into pieces. In the case when the molar did not fully come out to the surface, in order to remove it, it is necessary to make a gum incision. Thus, to remove a wisdom tooth is not easy - you need not only the professionalism of the dentist, but also the special responsibility of the patient in the postoperative period.
Revenge of the cunning tooth
When the effect of the anesthetic medication used during the removal is stopped, the person will begin to feel dull aching pain lasting for a day. For 3 days, body temperature may rise slightly, increasing in the evenings. In the end, all these phenomena will disappear without a trace. There is no clear answer to the question of how much the gum heals after the removal of a wisdom tooth. In the absence of complications, a blood clot in a well is replaced with a tissue in 7–8 days. But the full recovery of the gums is possible only in 3-4 months.
Unfortunately, sometimes the removal of a wisdom tooth entails unpleasant consequences.
If the operation was severe and very traumatic, there were particles of tooth in the gum, there was considerable physical exertion or the patient was allergic to the anesthetic, swelling and signs of internal hemorrhage on the cheek may occur. 2-3 days should be taken in the mouth for 1 minute antiseptic anti-inflammatory solution.
So called inflammation in the hole, accompanied by pain in the gums, swelling, bad odor from the mouth and a specific taste, roughness at the site of removal. The dentist will clean and treat the sore spot, in case of severe alveolitis, it will cut the gums and install drainage.
This pathology differs from the usual bruise in that it does not manifest itself at first. Then the gums swell, and suppuration begins, marked pain and hyperthermia. In this case, not cut and ensure drainage, excreting pus, not enough.
Most often, the blood is stopped in the doctor's office, but sometimes the patient is faced with bleeding from the hole at home. It is necessary for 5 minutes with 10-minute breaks to apply cold to the cheek, to normalize blood pressure, if it is elevated. A failure in such manipulations is a signal that an ambulance call is necessary.-
Drying the hole
The well becomes dry, and the healing process slows down if a blood clot is not formed, falls off or has been carelessly removed during hygienic procedures.
Damage to the jaw nerves during surgery causes numbness of the lips, tongue, chin, which passes only after a few months. In such a situation, it will not be superfluous to take a complex of vitamins and minerals, physiotherapy.
How to prevent complications?
Coming out of the surgical room, a person must clearly know what to do after the removal of a wisdom tooth. Compliance with these simple rules will reduce the risk of complications and accelerate the desired recovery:
- don't smile too much and try not to open your mouth too much;
- never touch the wound;
- stop smoking and alcohol;
- do not spit or suck in air;
- avoid physical exertion and sudden movements, bending;
- for hypertension, take appropriate medications;
- on the first day after the operation, do not rinse the oral cavity - you can only get a medical solution in your mouth for 1 minute;
- after removal, drink an Ibuprofen or Ketanov tablet and apply ice to your cheek for 5-6 minutes;
- brush your teeth as gently and carefully as possible without touching the injured area;
- exclude hot drinks from the menu;
- eat only warm and cold food;
- tough foods before use crush.
A solution of soda, furatsilina, a decoction of oak bark, calendula or chamomile, propolis promotes rapid healing.
When is a return visit to the doctor appropriate?
If the patient ignored the doctor's recommendations after the wisdom tooth was removed or his body is weakened, there are chronic diseases, the operation was performed poorly, then signs of complications may appear. Contact your dentist immediately for:
- pains lasting more than a day, especially acquiring a shooting or throbbing character;
- increased body temperature after a 3-day period;
- constant severe swelling and hematomas;
- unpleasant taste and smell from the mouth;
- suppuration of the hole;
- persistent bleeding;
- deterioration of general well-being.
Any person who had to get rid of the G-8 tooth surgically must strictly follow the advice of a specialist and properly care for the oral cavity. But, if it was not possible to avoid inflammation, timely medical care and subsequent antibiotics can correct the situation.