The development of cysts on the ovaries does not affect the well-being of women. Representatives of the weaker sex who refuse to regularly visit the gynecological clinic may not even suspect that they are threatened with rupture of an ovarian cyst. Symptoms of this condition indicate that the patient needs emergency help from specialists.
Ovarian cyst is a small spherical neoplasm filled with fluid. It occurs due to hormonal imbalance or violation of the outflow of the contents of the glands. Such phenomena, in turn, are often caused by errors in the way of life, so many ladies have such ailments firsthand. Even minor negative changes in the female body can provoke a violation of the integrity of this entity.
Cysts threatening to break
Cysts that are formed from the tissues of the ovary with the wrong course of ovulation, called functional. These tumors disappear after 1-3 months, but this may not happen. Formations of this type are broken more often than others.
The causes of ovarian cyst rupture are various:
- the rapid increase in neoplasm, accompanied by the risk of overflow;
- thinning of the walls of the follicle due to inflammatory process of the ovary;
- hormonal imbalance;
- heavy physical exertion;
- violent sexual intercourse;
- varicose veins;
- abdominal trauma.
For these reasons, a rupture of the ovary itself may occur. The consequences of any damage to this organ are the risk of purulent peritonitis, anemia due to severe blood loss, the occurrence of adhesions, an ectopic pregnancy, or a complete loss of hope for motherhood. And the delay in seeking medical assistance threatens death.
How to understand that danger has become a reality?
Symptoms of ovarian cyst rupture should be known to everyone, because the life of a woman and the further functioning of her reproductive sphere depend on the speed of treatment to a health facility in this situation. You should not try to improve your well-being, if the patient has:
- severe fever that is not susceptible to the effects of antipyretic drugs;
- general malaise and weakness;
- acute, piercing, not giving a break pain in the lower abdomen;
- bleeding from the vagina or uterine bleeding;
- urge to vomit;
- flatulence and diarrhea;
- difficulty bowel movement;
- a sharp drop in blood pressure;
- Blue or pale skin.
If there has been a rupture of an ovarian follicular cyst, the symptoms may differ slightly:
- there is no marked hyperthermia, but signs of intoxication are very noticeable;
- appears dagger pain syndrome.
Attachment of intra-abdominal hemorrhage is manifested by lethargy, fainting, increased heart rate with low tone, shock.
What to expect in the hospital?
Bringing the patient to the clinic, in order to confirm the diagnosis, doctors will provide:
- taking puncture by piercing the peritoneum through the vagina;
- laparoscopy (internal examination with a tiny camera inserted through a small hole in the abdomen).
Then, taking into account the state of the woman, the doctor will draw up a separate program for her, allowing her to recover and recover. Physical therapy, anti-inflammatory, hormonal and other medicines will help only with a mild form of the disease. When such measures are not enough, you will have to resort to surgical intervention, during which the collapsed follicle, the affected area of the ovary or the entire organ will be removed, and the bleeding will be stopped. If the disaster has led to hypovolemic shock, use a massive infusion of solutions and make urgent abdominal surgery to resume the complex of body reactions aimed at preventing and stopping bleeding. Blood transfusion and hemostatic therapy may also be required.
Undoubtedly, you need to make a visit to the gynecologist at least once every 6 months to prevent the appearance and development of an ovarian cyst. But, if, nevertheless, sensations arise that make the neoplasm rupture suspect, an ambulance must be called immediately. In this case, the actions of qualified doctors - the hope to save the life of the injured woman and the possibility of the future of her motherhood