Mountain arnica, or as it is also called, meadow arnica, has long been known to folk healers as an excellent tool for rapid wound healing, reduction of inflammation in the nasal canals, blood pressure regulation, and treatment of heart diseases. TO
In addition, mountain arnica is used in veterinary medicine, alcoholic beverage production, and also in horticulture as an ornamental plant.
Help - arnica mountain
Mountain arnica is a grassy perennial of the Compositae family, reaching a height of 0.8 m. Arnica rhizome grows horizontally, creeping, branching, up to 15 cm in length and up to 1 cm in diameter. Outside has a brown tint. Adventitious roots are filiform, of a lighter shade. Shallow in the soil - at a depth of 1-2 cm or on the surface. Arnica leaves sessile with solid edges obovate.
Upper pubescent with multiple glands, from below smooth, large (up to 17 cm in length and up to 5 cm in width), the lower leaves are the largest, they are collected in a socket, pressed to the soil surface. Arnica stems are straight, usually single, but there are also 2-3 stems on a single plant. Each stalk branches a little at the top, it is also covered with small glands. On the tops of the stems and their lateral branches are large, up to 30 mm in diameter, inflorescence baskets. The flowers have a fiery yellow color. The fruits of mountain arnica are seeds with tufts, have a cylindrical shape and a dark gray color.
Flowering time: June-July. Arnica fructifies in the second half of summer, immediately after flowering.
Where to look for arnica mountain?
Arnica mountain can grow throughout Eurasia, but the plant is considered rare and endangered, so it is better to grow it yourself. It is difficult to find it, but it is possible - in light pine, birch and mixed forests: on edges, clearings, forest clearings and along roads; Arnica grows in small groups or one by one, it is extremely rare - it forms small thickets. Loves sandy, humid, acidic soils.
Features of the collection of arnica mountain
As a medicinal raw material mountain arnica, you can use its flowers, leaves and roots. Flowers and leaves of arnica must be collected during flowering plants. The ideal time to collect is dry and sunny, closer to noon, since all the dew is already coming off.
When harvesting flowers, you need to cut them with scissors at the very base, leaving 1 cm long flower stalk, and you should carefully tear off the leaves. Cut the flowers and leaves into a basket or pouch, not ramming. It is possible to dry such raw materials for mountain arnica in 1-1.5 weeks in the fresh air in the shade, or for several hours in an oven heated to a temperature of 45-50 degrees.
Arnica roots must be harvested in the fall, when all the leaves fall. Dig them carefully, leaving at least half of each rhizome intact. Dug out roots need to shake off the ground, rid of all sorts of impurities and quickly rinse under running water. Each root must be cut into several pieces before drying and dried in the manner described above. Properly dried raw material of arnica mountain has a pleasant, subtle aroma and bitter, rather pungent taste. The shelf life of any raw material arnica mountain - up to 2 years.
Side effects of mountain arnica
Mountain arnica is a poisonous plant, therefore, in order to avoid side effects, it is necessary to observe strict dosages of preparations based on it. It is unacceptable treatment arnica mountain without first consulting a doctor.
Recipes for arnica mountain treatment
Broth from flowers of arnica mountain
1 tablespoon of dried crushed arnica mountain flowers pour 1 cup boiling water, put in a water bath for 15 minutes, then cool, strain and squeeze the raw material. Cool the boiled water to the original volume with cold water. It is necessary to store broth in a light-tight ware in the refrigerator no more than 2 days.
Take 1 tablespoon of broth after each meal, mixing with 100 ml of milk. The decoction is indicated for the treatment of angina pectoris, as well as a choleretic and hemostatic agent.
Alcoholic tincture of arnica mountain
1 part of dry crushed inflorescences of arnica mountain pour 10 parts of 70% alcohol, insist 14 days in a warm and dark place, then strain and squeeze. Pressed raw materials again put in tincture and leave for another 1.5 weeks. In conclusion, strain and squeeze the raw material again.
Infusion of arnica for external use.
2 teaspoons of the dry crushed inflorescences of arnica mountain pour 250 ml of boiling water, leave for 10-15 minutes, then strain and squeeze out the raw materials. For rinsing such an infusion must be used in a heated form. It is also suitable for lotions, if diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 1.
Tincture of fresh flowers of arnica mountain
Mix in equal parts fresh crushed inflorescences of arnica mountain and 30% alcohol, leave for 2 weeks in a dark and warm place under a tight lid. After the expiration of the infusion, strain, squeeze out the raw material and filter the second time.
Broth roots of arnica mountain
10 gsuhih shredded roots of arnica mountain pour 500 ml of boiling water, cook over low heat under the lid for 5-7 minutes, then infuse for 60 minutes and strain. Drink a decoction of 1 tablespoon before breakfast and dinner.
Arnica Flower Infusion
15 g of dry crushed arnica mountain flowers pour 500 ml of boiling water, leave for 2 hours, then strain and squeeze out the raw materials. Apply infusion to rinses and compresses.
Healing collection of arnica mountain
Mix 1 part of the dry crushed flowers of arnica mountain, 1 part of the dry crushed raw materials of a yarrow and 5 parts of the dry crushed raw materials of Hypericum perforatum. 2 teaspoons of the resulting mixture pour 300 ml of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes, then strain. Drink this infusion 1-2 times a day, 60-80 ml for the treatment of hypertension.