Migraine is a common chronic neurological disease characterized by recurrent headache. Most often, the pain extends only to one half of the head. As a rule, migraine is found in 10% of people. Some seizures may occur several times a year, others - 1-2 times a week. Although migraine can appear at any age, it usually makes itself felt for the first time from 10 to 30 years and sometimes disappears after 50. This headache is more common in women than in men.
The main causes of migraine
Migraine occurs due to the temporary expansion of the blood vessels of the head. It is considered a disease caused by the periodic narrowing and expansion of the arteries of the brain, which leads to swelling of the tissues. The exact cause of the onset of migraine is still not known, but there are several theories that explain the appearance of headaches:
- Worsening of the blood supply to the brain;
- Uneven dilatation of cerebral vessels;
- Disorder of the central nervous system;
- Disruption of serotonin metabolism;
- High and low blood pressure.
Often people experience the symptoms of migraine after: physical exertion; nerve strain; dehydration; drinking red wine, champagne and beer; stay in a stuffy room; taking hormonal contraceptives; excess or lack of sleep; weather and climate changes; during the ICP.
Sometimes the causes of migraine include a viral infection, stress. Also, headache may indicate a dangerous condition of the blood vessels or the presence of a brain tumor.
Symptoms of migraine in women and treatment prospects
Migraine headaches most often occur on one side of the head, but can spread to both halves. They may cover the eyes, neck and jaw. The pain is pulsating in nature and increases after the appearance of irritants: loud noises, strong odors and bright light.
It happens that during a migraine attack, sick, there is a feeling of heaviness and spasm in the stomach. Sometimes vomiting occurs. Dizziness and disorientation of orientation in space is often noted. There is irritability, depression, depressed mood. The patient feels agitation or, on the contrary, drowsiness.
A migraine attack can last from 30 minutes to several hours. If the pain cannot be relieved for several days, this is called migraine status. Some patients before an attack feel some prerequisites: fog before eyes, hallucinations, impaired coordination and speech, tearfulness, dizziness and the desire to eat something sweet. If you take medicine at this point, you can avoid migraines.
Attacks, as a rule, appear after a certain period of time - from 2 to 4 are usually noted per month. As a rule, they are more frequent during periods of emotional stress.
Signs of cervical migraine and features of therapy
Cervical migraine is one of the manifestations of the vertebral artery syndrome, which manifests itself in severe migraine-like pain. It occurs due to impaired blood flow in the region of one or both vertebral arteries. Causes of cervical migraine can be divided into two groups: nonvertebrogenic and vertebral.
By nonvertebrogenic include: atherosclerotic vascular disease; congenital problems of the structure of the arteries and the location of the vessels; whiplash injury; spastic contraction of the neck muscles; myositis
By vertebrogenic include: congenital anomalies of the structure of the vertebrae; spinal injuries; osteochondrosis; instability of the cervical spine; idiopathic problems.
Symptoms of cervical migraine include:
- Constant and paroxysmal pain;
- Anguish, throbbing and burning pain that accumulates in the back of the head;
- During a cervical migraine, the pain may give to the orbits or nose;
- When combing and touching the pain increases;
- Turning of the head is accompanied by burning and itching;
- There may be nausea and vomiting;
- Noise and tinnitus, pulsing to the beat of the heartbeat;
- Chills and fever;
- Swallowing disorder;
- When sharp turns of the head can be attacks of loss of consciousness.
Neurologists are engaged in the treatment and diagnosis of cervical migraine. Conservative treatment methods are used for its treatment:
- Take painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs, for example, "Meloxicam", "Nimesulide", "Nurofen", etc.
- Prescribe drugs that normalize blood circulation and permeability of the vertebral arteries ("Cinnarizin", "Instenon", etc.).
- To improve brain nutrition, take B vitamins;
- To eliminate spasm of muscles and arteries, antispasmodics are used ("Mydocalm", "No-shpa", "Papaverin").
- Assign neck massage, electrophoresis, acupuncture and physical therapy;
- In severe cases, treatment involves surgery.
Migraine is a fairly common problem that can and should be treated. This disease is one of the most difficult problems of medicine, because there are too many different reasons that can cause the same end result - a headache. Before taking any medication, it is recommended to consult with your doctor.