Lentils are an inexpensive and nutritious product that is widely used in both European and Asian cuisine. In Russia, it is less common. Although, recently, it is increasingly included in the diet of people who watch their figure and adhere to a healthy lifestyle.
Varieties and useful properties of lentils
Currently, there are several varieties of lentils, similar in taste, but differing in shape, color and beneficial properties.
- Green lentils are fruits that, when cooked, keep their shape well. Most often, this type is used for the preparation of salads and snacks. Green lentils are very useful for people suffering from hepatitis, ulcers, cholecystitis, rheumatism and hypertension.
- Red lentils have a more piquant taste. It has the ability to quickly boil over, and therefore is used for cooking soups and mashed potatoes. Lentil red is rich in protein and iron, which makes it very useful for anemia.
- Brown lentils - a product with a pronounced nutty flavor, from which you can cook soups and casseroles. Include brown lentils in the diet is recommended for people suffering from tuberculosis, diseases of the lungs and musculoskeletal system.
- Black lentil is the smallest variety. Due to the fact that it resembles beluga caviar, it is also sometimes called "beluga".
For preparing tasty and healthy dishes, any kind of lentils is suitable. Unlike other legumes, it cooks quickly enough and does not need to be presoaked. In addition, this grits retains all the useful properties even after heat treatment.
The use of lentils is due to the fact that it contains a large number of essential amino acids, for example, lecithin - a substance that has a beneficial effect on the nervous system, stimulates the activity of brain cells, helps in the construction of liver cells, and also performs many things. other functions.-
The extremely valuable property of lentils is that the plant does not accumulate harmful substances in itself - nitrates and radionuclides, thanks to which it is considered one of the most ecologically clean crops throughout the world.
How many calories in lentils?
Lentils - dietary groats, its caloric content per 100 g is 119 kcal. Nutritional value is:
- Proteins, 9.0 g;
- Fat - 0.6 g;
- Carbohydrates - 22.1 g.
The glycemic index of lentils is equal to 30. Due to the fact that the croup has a low calorie content and is rich in complex carbohydrates, it can safely be included in the dietary diet for people who are overweight. The calorie content of boiled lentils is no more than raw. The only thing for women or men who are watching the figure, it must be remembered that a dish of this cereal may be more nutritious by adding other ingredients.
The calorie content of lentils is small, so it can be included in the diet during the diet. The benefits of this cereal are indisputable, which makes it advisable to use it constantly, and not only in the process of losing weight.