No one will argue that diarrhea is a very unpleasant disease, but the same can be said about constipation. Neither one nor the other is not normal and gives a lot of trouble and inconvenience. If the causes of diarrhea can be understood, then why there is constipation and the main thing, what to do to get rid of it, few people know.
At the same time, a large number of people suffer from constipation, considering that it is not at all dangerous. But any disruption in the body, especially repeating with a certain frequency, requires an appeal to a doctor. Most often, constipation, the doctor prescribes laxatives, which are now offered a large number, therefore, it remains only to choose those that best suit your body.
What to do with constipation?
Constipation can occur at any time, even with a simple change of environment or due to the nature of work, when it is not possible to visit the toilet. Usually such constipation passes quickly and without much treatment.
Monotonous food, a sedentary lifestyle, nutritional errors and protein foods lead to constipation. It may indicate the onset of diseases of the biliary tract, stomach, mental and endocrine disorders, diseases of the female genital organs.
Accompanied by constipation irritability, weakness, loss of appetite, headache, insomnia, malaise, which is a consequence of the absorption back into the body of toxic substances from waste.
To cope with constipation caused by any reasons, and to eliminate all the negative factors accompanying it, you need to start taking laxatives that contain vegetable elements. The laxative effect of some plants has been known for a long time. Over the past centuries, many plants with laxative properties have been discovered, many of them today are part of the laxatives prescribed by doctors for constipation.
Laxative groups for constipation
According to the mechanism laxatives can be divided into 3 groups.
The first includes agents that irritate the intestinal mucosa, stimulating its physical activity. These include the fruits of Zhoster, Sabur, castor and anise oil, rhubarb root, buckthorn bark, senna leaves, aloe juice.
To the second group - the means that increase the volume and dilute the contents of the intestine, irritating the receptors in the intestinal wall, increasing peristalsis and accelerating the excretion of feces. This action has flaxseed, bran, sea kale. The effect of them occurs in the period from 12 hours to days. Saline laxatives belong to the same group: salt of Karlovy Vary, sodium phosphate and magnesium hydroxide. Their impact occurs after 4-6 hours.
Salt-based laxatives are not prescribed for constipation that are chronic.. They are used only in acute cases when urgent bowel movements are necessary. Such laxatives are strictly contraindicated in acute abdominal syndrome, inflammatory processes in the abdominal cavity, intestinal obstruction, appendicitis, endocrine and neurogenic constipation, and febrile conditions. Also, they can not be used for a long time, otherwise they can lead to serious violations: dehydration, reduced production of intestinal enzymes and motility, the development of diarrhea.-
The third group is usually attributed laxatives, which soften the fecal masses and facilitate their movement through the intestines. It is almond, petroleum jelly and olive oil. With prolonged use, they reduce the absorption of vitamins and can lead to the development of hypovitaminosis. Emollient laxatives are recommended for hemorrhoids, pregnancy and rectal fissures.
Rules for taking laxatives for constipation
Among laxatives offered at pharmacies it is worth noting: the plant Agiolaks in granules, cubes Regulaks drops Regulaks picosulphate and granules Mukofalk (Germany), bisacodyl-Nizhpharm suppositories, drops Slabilen (Russia), Guttalaks drops, solution X-Prep and Dulkolaks in drazhzhe and suppositories (Austria) Duphalac syrup (Netherlands), Musinum vegetable tablets, Forlax solution and Fortrans solution (France), Sennalaks chewable tablets (USA).
There are also laxatives to help deal with constipation in young children. These include Laktuvita, Duphalac, Hilak Forte, or Bifidum Bacterin. Each of these medications should be given to children only after being prescribed by a doctor, contacting him if the infant has a stool delay of more than 48 hours. The last of the drugs is especially indicated for children treated with antibiotics. What to do if constipation occurs in infants, read the article Constipation in a newborn.
Most of the laxatives that are currently offered in pharmacies belong to the symptomatic treatment. With their help, only symptoms of the disease, external manifestations, but not the cause are eliminated. These laxatives make life easier, and do not eliminate the causes. The use of these funds does not lead to improved health. The best option to get rid of constipation will be a proper diet and an active lifestyle.. If improvement does not occur, then it is best to use drugs that, according to their composition, refer to clinical nutrition and eliminate the causes of constipation - lactulose, prebiotics.
When taking laxatives, their effect weakens over time, the process of addiction is obtained, and the body requires increasing doses, which leads to the loss of potassium, protein and a decrease in motor activity of the intestinal muscles themselves. therefore if you are constantly taking laxatives to cope with constipation, do not take them daily, better once in 4 days, taking periodic breaks and changing medications.
If constipation occurs too often, be sure to consult a doctor to eliminate all possible negative factors of this condition.
Especially for womeninahomeoffice.com.ru- Yuliya