People suffering from migraine or recurrent severe headache, often do not think that this may be a signal of the development of a serious disease. Sometimes these symptoms suggest vertebral artery hypoplasia. What is this disease, and what are the possible consequences it carries?
Hypoplasia of the right and left vertebral artery: what is it?
Hypoplasia is the slow or insufficient development of any organ that has a significant effect on the general condition of the body. Hypoplasia of the right and left vertebral artery is associated with the inconclusive formation of a vessel through which blood moves towards the brain. In such a vessel, the blood moves very slowly due to the small ductal canal, which leads to the appearance of diseases caused by insufficient supply of oxygen to the brain.
According to statistics, 10% of the population has contraction and narrowing of the right artery. Hypoplasia of the left vertebral artery is less common and is not more than two percent.
Causes of disease
The development of vertebral artery hypoplasia is associated with the process of childbearing and childbirth. Experts identify several causes contributing to the occurrence of the disease:
- injuries and injuries during pregnancy;
- drug abuse;
- reception of alcoholic beverages and narcotic substances;
- exposure to radiation or radiation;
- infectious diseases: rubella, influenza, measles;
- genetic predisposition to various vascular diseases.
This is just a small list of reasons that can cause the development of hypoplasia. In practice, there are cases when the child is injured at birth, for example, pinching the neck in the process of removing it from the mother's womb. And the wrapping of the umbilical cord around the baby’s head leads to the contraction of the cerebral vessels even in the womb.
The doctors as a result of observations of the patients came to the conclusion that this disease only became sick in adulthood, although the causes of the disease were laid in remote childhood. In children, vertebral artery hypoplasia is observed very rarely and only in mild form. Detecting a disease in childhood is quite difficult, and often simply impossible, since it does not manifest itself. Only in those cases when doctors diagnose cord entanglement, can the development of this pathology be accurately determined.
As a result of the disease, the canal of the artery narrows and the access of blood to the brain decreases, which, in turn, can lead to such consequences as:
- decreased performance;
- hearing impairment;
- visual dysfunction.
However, it is not always the hypoplasia of the right vertebral artery can lead to serious complications. Most often, this disease is manifested by constant migraines.
Symptoms of vertebral artery hypoplasia
Symptoms of the disease can be divided into several classes, depending on the degree of lesion of the head area. Doctors identify four separate areas:
- disorders in the cerebral hemispheres are manifested by weakness in the limbs, numbness of the fingers, paralysis;
- changes in stem cells are expressed in strong jumps in blood pressure;
- abnormalities in the occipital lobe of the brain can be detected by reducing visual function and hallucinations;
- cerebellar disorders are visible with changes in the locomotor apparatus and hand movement.
With headache and dizziness, the entire brain is completely affected, but it is often the easiest to cure such a disease, since it does not pose a great danger to human health. It should be noted that the entire list of symptoms in vertebral artery hypoplasia is not observed all the time, but periodically, therefore many patients simply do not pay attention to them, considering that head disease is not a dangerous ailment. It is important to remember that ignoring these symptoms can lead to a stroke sooner or later.
Modern methods of diagnosis of hypoplasia
To identify the vertebral artery hypoplasia, doctors use three modern methods that give almost one hundred percent result:
- Ultrasound of the neck and head;
- tomography of the brain.
An ultrasound scan of the cervical and head is the safest method, and it can even be applied to pregnant and lactating mothers. Using ultrasound to determine the speed of blood flow and the thickness of the artery. For the purpose of a comprehensive study, angiography is performed - scanning of the head and neck by means of x-rays.
Brain tomography is a rather expensive procedure, but at the same time the most effective, since it is possible to conduct a study of each part of the head. A special substance is pumped into the vessels, which is easily determined on CT scanners. With this method, you can identify hypoplasia in each part of the brain and make the most correct diagnosis.
What is the difference between the right and left vertebral artery hypoplasia?
Hypoplasia of the right and left arteries varies according to the degree of influence on the brain and the number of symptoms present. Hypoplasia of the right vertebral artery may appear in the process of fetal development and affect only in adulthood. Most often, this disease leads to atherosclerosis, which entails surgical intervention to expand the artery.
Hypoplasia of the left vertebral artery can be formed throughout life, without causing severe discomfort, and it is associated with disturbances in the bloodstream, the formation of blood stasis. The organism independently adapts to gradual changes in the thickness of the vessels. The crisis comes in adulthood and is expressed by pain in the cervical region.
In drug treatment, the doctor prescribes various pills that thin the blood and accelerate blood circulation, and also strengthen the blood vessels. This method of treatment is less painful, but does not lead to full recovery.
Surgical intervention takes place in two stages:
- vessels are cleaned with a catheter;
- a special apparatus is inserted which prevents them from contracting further.
For the prevention of the disease, doctors advise you to do exercises and massages, as well as eat foods that have vessel strengthening properties:
Good environmental conditions and clean air help get rid of the disease in a natural way. The human body is able to cure itself of the disease, if favorable conditions for recovery are created. Take care of your body and be healthy!