There are many pharmacy tools that have excellent effects at low cost. One of them is hydrocortisone ointment. The drug helps relieve inflammation and allergic skin reactions. At the same time, it is used by many women as an analog to expensive lifting creams. Despite its effectiveness, it is necessary to use the ointment carefully, as it has side effects.
Hydrocortisone ointment: instructions for use and action
The drug is usually referred to as a hormonal agent. It consists of hydrocortisone acetate, petrolatum, water, and other substances. The action is due to the 1st component. Hydrocortisone penetrates the layers of the epidermis. Then it affects the production of lymphocytes and other elements. Displays ointment through the kidneys and intestines.
The drug is sold in the form of an iron tube. Its volume ranges from 5 to 15 grams. It depends on the cost. On average, it is not very high - about 20-30 p. It should be remembered that there are 2 types of ointment - eye and for external use. The spectrum of action of the drug is almost identical. However, in each case, possible adverse reactions. Also, ointments have their own contraindications.
External hydrocortisone ointment is used in the following cases:
- Allergic reaction
- Itchy insect bites
- Skin diseases - psoriasis, dermatitis, pruritus, seborrhea, etc.
If we talk about the use of external hydrocortisone ointment, then it is simply applied to the problem area of the skin. However, it should not get on the mucous membranes or eyes! Often the procedure is repeated 2-3 times a day. The average course of treatment with ointment is about 1-2 weeks.
If the condition of the patient does not improve over this period of time, the treatment may be extended for another week. In some cases, doctors prescribe dressings. A little differently applied external hydrocortisone ointment in children. The course of treatment is not more than 14 days. It is not recommended to apply bandages or to warm a sore spot.
As with any other drug, hydrocortisone ointment should be used with caution. The reason is simple - it has a number of adverse reactions. In most cases, they occur with prolonged treatment. The most common - inhibition of the functions of the adrenal cortex. This happens because the drug is hormonal.
It is also possible deterioration of the skin. Often, when treating large areas, secondary infection may occur. Sometimes patients suffer from atrophic changes in the surface of the skin.
Also hydrocortisone ointment can not be applied in some cases:
- Fungal diseases and ulcerative skin lesions
- Intolerance to ointment components
- Pregnancy and lactation
- Children's age up to 2 years
- Skin tumors and acne
Despite the fact that the drug is sold without a prescription, sometimes you should consult with your doctor. This must be done in the treatment of a child, and is due to the fact that hormonal ointment may affect the function of the adrenal glands. With extreme caution hydrocortisone applied to the face of children. In this case, the duration of treatment should not exceed 2 weeks. During treatment, be sure to monitor your well-being. If skin problems do not disappear within a week or your condition worsens, you should immediately consult a doctor.
There is also the possibility of reducing the action of the ointment. Typically, in the opinion of patients, this occurs when used with antihistamines and antiepileptic drugs. It is not recommended to use the ointment together with some other steroids and drugs. Therefore, you should consult with your doctor in advance about the use of hydrocortisone ointment.
How to use the ointment in the fight wrinkles?
Many women are aware of the existence of pharmacy beauty products. And this is not expensive cream and serum, and cheap drugs. Many of them are used even by supermodels. For example, some time ago in the beauty industry advised to get rid of bruises under the eyes with the help of hemorrhoids ointment! Not bypassed a wave of fashion for the use of pharmaceuticals and hydrocortisone ointment. It is believed that it helps to remove wrinkles. Let us understand the principle of the action of the drug and the features of the application.-
It is believed that wrinkles appear as a result of the start of the aging process due to hormonal problems. The body ceases to synthesize the substances necessary for skin smoothness. As a result, it becomes flabby and thin. Therefore, many women prefer to use hormonal ointment. The principle of hydrocortisone is very simple. In fact, it looks a bit like Botox — naturally, much cheaper than popular injections.
Active ingredients, penetrating the skin, begin to retain water. As a result, a small edema is formed on the site of various irregularities, which many women consider to be missing wrinkles. It should be remembered that the remedy is hormonal. Therefore, it must be applied very carefully. First, test the ointment on a small area of skin. If there is no irritation, then you can begin to apply to problem areas. Hydrocortisone anti-wrinkle ointment is used 2 times a day.
If you are afraid of side effects from the drug, you can replace it with the same cheap drugs. For example, wrinkles are smoothed with vitamins A and E. They can be added to masks or rubbed into the skin. In this case, before using the capsules, it is better to consult a doctor. The reason is simple - some products based on such a complex, such as Retinol, cause side reactions. Zinc ointment can also be used to improve the condition of the skin. It is applied to the desired area with a thin layer. After that, it is necessary to moisten the skin, as the product has a drying effect.
Hydrocortisone eye ointment: method of application
Hydrocortisone ointment is also available for the eyes. It is used in inflammatory diseases or allergic reactions.
Indications for use ointment:
- Conjunctivitis of various origin
- Dermatitis century
- Chemical and thermal eye burns
The composition and effect of the drug are similar to external ointment. The tool is poorly absorbed eye fluid. Metabolism occurs due to penetration into the mucous membrane and tissue and the epidermis. Through them, hydrocortisone enters the bloodstream, and then into the liver.
The course of treatment is usually 2 weeks. During this time, the ointment is used 2-3 times a day. It is necessary to delay the eyelid and squeeze 1 cm of the preparation into the formed "pocket". If your condition has not improved during the course, you should definitely consult a doctor.
It must be remembered that during treatment you can not wear contact lenses. If you also use eye drops, then at least 15 minutes should pass between medications. It is also believed that hydrocortisone ointment affects the reaction. Therefore, it is better to refuse during the treatment of driving a car.
As with any drug, the ointment has contraindications:
- Period after vaccinations
- Children's age up to 18 years
- With caution about being pregnant and breastfeeding
- Purulent and fungal diseases of the eye
- Damage to the integrity of the eyeball
Hydrocortisone ointment is used in the treatment of skin and eye problems. For each case produced its means. In the composition of both is hormone acetate hydrocortisone. For skin treatment, ointment is applied to the affected area 2-3 times a day. For eye inflammation, a tool is squeezed into the eye sac. Also, hydrocortisone ointment has been used successfully by some women to make wrinkles less noticeable.