Pulse is an important indicator of the cardiovascular system. For each person, it is individual, but physicians in order to control the functions of individual organs are guided by average values for people of a certain age and gender. If the deviations of the normal heart rate in adults are recorded, then there are prerequisites for the development of diseases.
Why is this parameter important for a person?
Pulse is a contraction of the artery walls at a certain rhythm. The heart rate shows how many beats per minute the heart makes and how many waves travel through the vessel walls during this period. The rate of heart rate in an adult in a calm state in the absence of disease corresponds to the established medical indicators.
If the pulse does not correspond to them, the cause may be coffee abuse, stress, changes in the hormonal background, chronic diseases. If untreated, the result of heart rate disorders can be heart attack or stroke. Careful diagnosis, well-chosen therapy and the normalization of lifestyle and nutrition will help return the pulse to normal.
How to measure?
Measurement of heart rate should be carried out in a calm state. Any physical strain, stress, emotional stress lead to its increase, therefore, the results obtained will be incorrect.
Measurement of heart rate can be in places where the arteries are very close to the skin surface, so that the pulsation is well felt:
- on the neck (carotid artery);
- on the temples;
- under the clavicle;
- on the hips;
- on shoulders.
Ideally, the result will be obtained on two hands, which will allow you to control its accuracy. Heart rate is normal in adults in a healthy state, provided that it is calm, does not exceed 60-90 beats per minute. In order not to count the blows during this period, you can remove the indicators for 30 seconds, and then multiply this number by 2. If the rhythm is clearly disturbed, the counting must be carried out throughout the whole minute.
What is the heart rate standard?
The normal heart rate in adults will differ significantly among representatives of different age categories and genders. Thus, in women, the normal rate will be 6-8 beats per minute higher than in the strong half of humanity. This is due to the functional features of the female body, hormonal background. During the period of PMS, the heart rate increases.
Differences in performance will be observed in adults, children and the elderly. The highest values in babies are 140-150 beats per minute. In adolescents, the pulse is already as close as possible to the heart rate of a middle-aged adult. Older people do not exceed 80 strokes, but sometimes they can reach 160, which indicates serious health problems.
Heart rate will vary depending on the time of day, fullness of the stomach. After eating, the frequency of contractions increases.
Exceeding the maximum permissible value is regarded as tachycardia. If it is accompanied by additional ailments, in particular, shortness of breath, dizziness, fainting, then a violation of the normal heart rate is a symptom of the development of diseases. It:
- heart defects, preinfarction or pre-insult states;
- damage to the nervous system;
- endocrine system diseases;
- infection by infection.
Tachycardia can be a companion of anemia in women with heavy menstrual bleeding or in case of pathological bleeding. High pulsation rate is often accompanied by abdominal distention, vomiting.
In adolescence, tachycardia is a frequent occurrence. Sometimes it becomes a companion of vegetative-vascular dystonia, which often manifests itself during this period. With regular loss of consciousness, vomiting, tingling in the chest, darkening of the eyes should, without delay, consult a doctor.
Lowering heart rate is called "bradycardia." It often appears in athletes or people who perform heavy physical work. This is a common situation that does not require medical intervention and is associated with the particular functioning of the heart during exercise. In such people, the pulse does not exceed 40 beats per minute.
If a person does not lead a rich lifestyle, bradycardia is evidence of pathologies. It:
- heart attack;
- inflammation of the heart muscle;
- age changes;
- increased intracranial pressure.
Heart rate indicators may decrease as a result of taking certain medications.
To identify abnormalities in the heart rhythm, an ECG can be done. With age and as a result of poor diet and lifestyle, plaques form in the vessels, the work of our “motor” is disturbed, which leads to heart failure. Regular check-ups with a cardiologist make it possible to identify abnormalities in the heart rate on time and begin treatment.