Often young couples who are planning a pregnancy do not go into all the processes of conception and rely on chance. Sometimes pregnancy does not occur, despite good health and attempts. In this case, it is necessary to calculate the most favorable days of conception and understand what role ovulation plays in fertilization.
Ovulation is the process of the release of a mature egg, fully prepared for fertilization into the uterus. Most often, ovulation occurs in the middle of the cycle, but there may be various variations. In order to calculate the date of ovulation, there are many methods.
In order to understand whether pregnancy is possible after ovulation and before it, it is necessary to understand how the female body works, and to consider in detail the life cycle of the egg.
A ripe egg leaves the fallopian tube and waits for fertilization for a couple of days. During one menstrual cycle, a woman has a chance to get pregnant only 1 time, usually in the middle of a cycle.
If conception did not happen, an unfertilized egg leaves the woman’s body along with the epithelium of the uterus walls - menstrual secretions. Immediately after this, the process of maturation of the next egg cell in the ovaries begins.
Every woman should remember that the date of ovulation can shift - “float”, and simultaneously with the shift of the menstrual cycle. Considering this fact and the short life of egg pairs, many couples have to wait more than six months for the onset of pregnancy.
Conception after ovulation: how is it going?
It is worth remembering that without ovulation, conception is generally not possible by definition. After the egg is released into the uterine cavity, it retains its vitality for several days. And if at that time there were sexual intercourses, then the spermatozoa are actively looking for her for fertilization. It turns out that the probability of becoming pregnant is much higher in these two days, i.e. after ovulation.
You can get pregnant, not only after ovulation, but also if sexual intercourse was before this event. Spermatozoa in the body of a woman can live for about 3 to 7 days, and if sexual intercourse has occurred during this time period before ovulation, then conception may well occur.
It is for these reasons that doctors advise couples who are planning a pregnancy to have unprotected sex every other day during the whole cycle. In this case, the probability of becoming pregnant increases significantly.
Pregnancy after ovulation
And the sperm and egg has its own life cycle. In the most advantageous position are sperm, which can save their livelihoods in the body of a woman up to a week.
Unfortunately, the egg can not boast of such vitality, its life cycle is a maximum of a couple of days. For these reasons, after 3 - 4 days after ovulation, the probability of becoming pregnant is minimal, because already on the 3rd day of the egg's life its vitality gradually diminishes - its regression begins. The body of a woman begins to prepare a new egg.
As a result, pregnancy after ovulation is quite possible, and most likely it will happen, but not enough time is allotted for the fertilization process - literally 2 days.
Given the physiological processes of pregnancy after ovulation is most likely, but it is worth considering the time period. The allegations that conception is possible throughout the entire menstrual cycle have no basis. And those cases where this happens can be explained simply - the date of ovulation was shifted, or it was initially incorrectly calculated.