Modern pharmacology is represented by a large variety of antibiotics that can affect both local diseases and the entire body as a whole. Previously, many took antibiotics uncontrollably, without thinking about the consequences, which most often caused the body to become addicted to a certain type of medicine. Today, doctors write them out strictly on prescription, based on the diagnosis of the disease. Let's see what antibiotics to take for sinus?
Sinusitis: symptoms and causes of the disease
Sinusitis is not contagious, but almost everyone can get it. Most often this disease occurs as a complication after the common cold. If you run a cold, it can lead to inflammation of the sinuses and the appearance of purulent deposits.
Symptoms of sinusitis:
- severe headache, especially in the frontal part;
- nasal congestion and difficulty breathing;
- pain in the nose with obvious seals on both sides at eye level.
This is only a small list of symptoms, accompanied by weakness, fatigue, pain in the eyes, and in rare advanced cases - pain in the area of the cheekbones when you press them.
If sinusitis does not begin to heal immediately, there may be serious complications that can lead to the development of other diseases.
Common complications of sinusitis:
- meningitis, which leads to extensive inflammation of both hemispheres of the brain;
- inflammation of the trachea and bronchi;
- gradual spread of pustular exits in the direction of the upper jaw and in the area of the eye sockets;
- the formation of pustular sacks - an abscess in the area of the brain;
- the inability to catch smells and distinguish them;
- damage to the nerve endings in the facial area.
The most correct solution is to immediately begin treatment of antritis with antibiotics, which will avoid the development of complications and abscesses.
Sinusitis: Antibiotic Treatment
Antibiotics are prescribed by a doctor when the first symptoms of sinusitis are found. Which antibiotics to take and dosage, the doctor determines, depending on the severity of the disease and the complexity of the inflammatory process.
In what form can antibiotics be taken for antritis in adults?
Antibiotics are available in several forms:
- in the form of tablets;
Injections are prescribed only in difficult cases or when the patient has developed a full addiction to the pills and they do not have the desired effect. Choosing between pills, drops and sprays, experts suggest taking sprays, as they bring less harm and act on the nasal cavity.
Antibiotics for sinusitis tablets should be taken carefully, because there is a risk of damage to the mucous membrane of the stomach and liver. Sprays act only on the lesion, going to the site of infection, and less absorbed into the blood.
Doctors discharged with mild sinusitis. They expand the nasal passages, making breathing easier. It is better to take drops in a prone position, since such a posture is convenient when injected into the nasal cavity. Antibiotics for antritis help to kill the pathogenic bacteria that cause the inflammatory process. They are prescribed by a doctor only in those cases when simple washing of the sinuses does not work.
It is important to remember that the wrong choice of antibiotics often leads to the development of other diseases.
Antibiotic groups for sinusitis tablets: description, indications, side effects
When choosing drugs otolaryngologist takes into account the patient's age and its resistance to various groups of antibiotics. All antibiotics are divided into three separate groups:
Penicillin group for sinus
When deciding which antibiotics to prescribe, doctors often choose bactericidal drugs, as they not only help stop the breeding process of bacteria, but also contribute to their further elimination.
Penicillin preparations are considered to be the most harmless to humans, since they affect only the affected cells, destroying the infection in the embryo. Penicillin group antibiotics not only kill bacteria, but also produce immunity to their further reproduction.
The most common antibiotics of this group are:
Penicillin drugs are easily absorbed into the blood, and their effectiveness has been proven by doctors who have been practicing these drugs for over 50 years. Amoxicillin does not affect the work of the stomach. The drug can be made both before and after meals.
The disadvantages of antibiotics of the penicillin group are their rapid elimination from the body, as a result of which an additional dose is required. The dosage is prescribed by the doctor depending on the patient’s body weight and age. Antibiotics of the penicillin group for sinus should be taken at intervals of 8 hours.
Studies by experts on the side effects were not conducted, so do not take the drug to pregnant and lactating mothers, as well as children up to three years.
Group of cephalosporins for sinus
The cephalosporin group of antibiotics in the treatment of sinusitis include:
Cephalosporin antibiotics for sinus are prescribed by a doctor only in cases where the weaker drugs did not give a positive effect. Of this group, Ceftriaxone is more popular, as it is able to act directly on pathogenic bacteria, without affecting healthy cells.
Unlike the penicillin group, cephalosporin antibiotics have a lot of side effects and are taken under strict medical supervision. Among the side effects can be identified:
Cephalosporin group antibiotics are prescribed only for adults. The effect is noticeable on the second day after the start of the reception. The drugs of this group are contraindicated for children, pregnant women and nursing mothers. Also, they can not be taken in diseases of the kidneys and liver, duodenum, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Group of tetracyclines with sinus
Antibiotics of the tetracycline group have an extended spectrum of action, but they do not act selectively, but on all cells at the same time, therefore, as a rule, they are prescribed in the form of ointments and injections.
Among the antibiotics tetracycline group emit:
Antibiotics of the third group are very toxic and are used extremely rarely. Tetracyclines are prescribed only in combination with other drugs.
Antibiotic treatment for sinusitis should be carried out only if it is known for certain that the cause of the disease is bacteria, and not viral infections. Proper diagnosis and proper prescription of drugs can be cured within a week. It must be remembered that taking the pills alone without consulting a specialist is extremely dangerous, since self-medication can lead to serious complications.