Diarrhea is a digestive disorder. It may seem harmless to health, but inadequate treatment or lack of it can lead to serious consequences.
Symptoms of diarrhea are:
- frequent bowel contractions and altered stool consistency,
- liquefying it and increasing the number of trips to the toilet.
Causes of diarrhea:
- viral and bacterial infections,
- painful condition of the digestive system,
- hormonal fluctuations
- emotional factors
- psychological and neurovegetative strengthening of intestinal peristalsis, chemical poisoning,
- chronic inflammatory bowel disease.
You must consult your doctor when symptoms such as fever, diarrhea, vomiting, temperature 38 are observed in an adult. Immediate treatment is necessary when diarrhea is accompanied by abdominal pain, vomiting, painful attempts, dehydration and general weakness.
The patient in this case should be given more drink, preferably with the help of special tools that help prevent dehydration and contain the necessary electrolytes: sodium, potassium.
The state of dehydration is extremely dangerous for children. In the treatment of applied smect, enterosgel, activated carbon, which bind toxins, bacteria, intestinal gases and other harmful substances that increase intestinal motility, increasing the penetration of water into the intestinal lumens and causing diarrhea.
Diarrhea is also treated with other drugs that have adsorbing, astringent, colloidal, and anti-cholinergic and spamzolytic properties.
Intestinal flu - a disease caused by rotoviruses
If you feel terrible, you have a temperature of 38 and a constant headache, watery diarrhea and vomiting. This is most likely intestinal flu.
Rotovirus infection enters the body through dirty hands, food. The source is a person who is already sick. You can become infected with several viruses at once. Inside the body, an ailment attacks the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, causing serious problems on its part.
In addition to intestinal flu, similar symptoms have:
- inflammation of the pancreas;
- digestive tract disorder;
- gastric flu (vomiting or vomiting and diarrhea).
In fact, the same viral infection of the gastrointestinal tract causes intestinal and gastric flu.
Symptoms of viral infection
The disease begins suddenly and is usually accompanied by diarrhea and high fever, up to 40 degrees in an adult man. In addition, it is accompanied by severe abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, and abundant, watery stools. Of course, in this situation, there is a lack of appetite, a feeling of complete fatigue and "aches" in the whole body. What to do?
How to treat intestinal flu?
The good news is that in adults who do not have other diseases, the symptoms disappear spontaneously, after a few days and, as a rule, do not leave problems and complications.
Attention! Although the symptoms can go away on their own, due to severe vomiting and diarrhea, the risk of serious dehydration and the associated electrolyte imbalance increases. So, in any case, you should consult a doctor or even call an ambulance. You may need additional liquid, which will be administered through an IV!
What kind of medicine?
For diarrhea, accompanied by vomiting and fever, do not immediately take antipyretic drugs. Of the drugs, only diosmectyl is usually used, the therapeutic effect of which is proven.
A medicine such as loperamide can be given to an adult who does not have high fever. But be careful, because its use during a bacterial infection, can lead to an exacerbation of the disease.
Widely advertised probiotics contained in dairy products, unfortunately, in this case, do not help to establish the work of the intestine! It has been proven that only drugs that contain enterol have a positive therapeutic effect!
In any case, if diarrhea is accompanied by vomiting and a temperature of 38 degrees, dizziness, abdominal pain and general weakness, you should consult a doctor so that he prescribes an appropriate treatment.