A lump in the throat

It happens that the expression "lump in the throat" is not used in a figurative, but in the literal sense. This condition is familiar to many. But in some it arises sporadically, while others simply interfere with life. Why there is a lump in the throat? Causes and treatment of the problem, as well as possible consequences - this will be discussed below.

Painful symptom: what is stuck in the throat?

Patients most often describe their condition as follows: in the throat it is as if something is stopping them from swallowing.

Patients most often describe their condition as follows: in the throat it is as if something is stopping them from swallowing. Some people think that something is moving in there. Other patients say that they have a feeling of a foreign object - solid and dense, which is stuck in the middle of the larynx and does not allow them to swallow saliva or food, and even prevents them from speaking normally.

In order to tell the doctor about the problem, the patient uses the following description: squeezing when swallowed, burning, scratchy, suffocating, feeling of touching something. The patient begins to worry about their health and makes assumptions about the fact that it may be a tumor. Experiences (often unfounded) further worsen his condition.

Particularly emotional patients talk more colorfully about their symptom: "as if the flap had blocked the throat," "something is tightening the neck from the inside."

Others often also join the main symptom: difficulty breathing, change in voice tone, belching, numbness of the upper extremities, increased salivation, increased heart rate. So what actually happens in the throat?

Anatomy of pain: why is a lump in the throat?

“Globe pharyngeus” - this is how the condition of a lump in the throat is called in the language of medicine. According to doctors, the feeling of constriction is the result of the spread of an infectious pathogen that has settled on the wall of the nasopharynx. Since this is a reflexogenic zone, which is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses to the brain, there are many nerve endings in it. Pathogenic microorganisms, penetrating into the mucous membrane, irritate them, which leads to unpleasant sensations in the throat.

We should not forget that there is a lot of lymphoid tissue in the throat, where inflammatory processes often develop. It happens that there really is a "extraneous" formation in the throat, which should not be there. It is about a tumor.

But the discomfort in the throat is not always associated with the problems of the nasopharynx. The survey may show that there are no pathologies in this body. Why does the brain give false signals about the presence of a foreign object in the throat? It often happens (especially in women) that the sensation of a lump is associated with psychological factors.

-

A lump in the throat: the causes and treatment of drugs

In fact, there are many causes of throat discomfort.

In fact, the causes of discomfort in the throat are many. Some of them are quite harmless and do not require special treatment. Others threaten the health and even human life. We list all possible "provocateurs" unpleasant sensations in the throat and the main methods of treatment in each case.

  • Emotional overexcitement, psychological distress, stress. This is the main reason for the appearance of a lump in the throat. In this case, no organic disorders and changes in blood parameters are noted. All body systems function normally. A depressive state, fear, and excitement lead to tension in the muscles located in the lower part of the throat, forming a "hysterical lump". It may disappear after a while by itself. If such a problem arose before a public speech or an exam, then you can drink some cool water (in small sips), take a sedative (valerian, motherwort).
  • Pathologies in the work of the thyroid gland - autoimmune thyroiditis (inflammation), Bazedov disease (goiter). For the treatment using iodine-containing drugs.
  • Diseases of ENT organs - chronic laryngitis, pharyngitis or tonsillitis. Patients are prevented by a lump of mucus in the throat. The causes and treatment of this pathology are directly related to the viral or bacterial origin of the disease. Often they are caused by streptococcus. To combat the virus, antiviral drugs are used, the throat is treated with rinsing with Furacilin solution, Chlorophyllipt, chamomile, sage, calendula decoction. The doctor prescribes a means of relieving inflammation at the local level - Strepsils, Angilex. Homeopathic medicines (Vokar) are also used. Antibiotics (Medoclav) are used to fight bacterial infection.

Disorders in the work of the digestive tract

  • Disorders in the work of the digestive tract. The main symptoms that patients pay attention to are a lump in the throat and belching. The causes of this condition lie in the ingestion of the gastric juice into the esophagus. This causes irritation of the tissues of the pharynx. This happens when gastroesophageal reflux disease. Often this symptom (to which is added heartburn, sour taste and belching) gastritis declares itself. The treatment will begin with a diet. To normalize the secretion of the stomach, appoint Almagel, Omeprazole, Fosfalyugel, Ranitidine, Atropine. The following enzymes are also prescribed to the patient: Pancreatin, Festal, Mezim. Commonly used and antibacterial agents: Tinadazole, Clarithromycin, Amoxicillin.
  • Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. Hypodynamia, disturbed metabolism, wrong day regimen lead to its appearance. Quite often, patients complain of a lump in the throat with osteochondrosis. The treatment is carried out using physiotherapeutic procedures, therapeutic gymnastics. Manual, vacuum therapy, laser treatment, acupuncture and electrostimulation are also used.
  • Vegetative dystonia. Treatment in this case will appoint a neurologist. It will include vasodilators (Caviton), sedatives (Glycesed, Barboval), nootropic (Fezam, Pirocetam), heart (Asparkam, Corvaltab), hypotensive (Lozap, Nifedipine) drugs, vitamins, medicinal herbs (ginseng).
  • Tumors of the larynx. Among them are benign: cysts, granulomas, polyps, fibroids. Sometimes it is a malignant neoplasm. Throat cancer should be suspected if such symptoms are added to the lump sensation: enlarged submandibular lymph nodes, pain, hoarse voice, dry cough, difficulty breathing. Cancer is treated by surgical methods.
  • Other reasons. A lump in the throat can cause injury, too much stress when trying to cough up phlegm. The symptom of compression in the pharynx is often the result of displacement of the vertebrae, incompletely treated cold, diaphragmatic hernia, too much weight and impaired digestion. It happens that the patient injures the throat when he uses fish, and the bone is stuck in the throat. This can result in inflammation.
  • Osteochondrosis of the spine. The emergence of a gadget subdia, a broken exchange of substances, the wrong mode. Quite often, people complain to someone in a mountain colony on the osteochondrosis. The treatment is carried out with the use of physiotherapeutic procedures, medical gymnastics. It also uses manual, vacuum therapy, laser treatment, acupuncture, and electrical stimulation.
  • Vegetative dystonia. Treatment in this case means a doctor-neuropathologist. It will include vasodilating (Caviton), sedatives (Glycesed, Barboval), nootropic (Fezam, Pirocetam), heart (Asparkam, Corvaltab), hypotensive (Lozap, Nifedipine) drugs, vitamins, medicinal herbs (ginseng).

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

  • Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. Hypodynamia, disturbed metabolism, wrong day regimen lead to its appearance. Quite often, patients complain of a lump in the throat with osteochondrosis. The treatment is carried out using physiotherapeutic procedures, therapeutic gymnastics. Manual, vacuum therapy, laser treatment, acupuncture and electrostimulation are also used.
  • Vegetative dystonia. Treatment in this case will appoint a neurologist. It will include vasodilators (Caviton), sedatives (Glycesed, Barboval), nootropic (Fezam, Pirocetam), heart (Asparkam, Corvaltab), hypotensive (Lozap, Nifedipine) drugs, vitamins, medicinal herbs (ginseng).
  • Tumors of the larynx. Among them are benign: cysts, granulomas, polyps, fibroids. Sometimes it is a malignant neoplasm. Throat cancer should be suspected if such symptoms are added to the lump sensation: enlarged submandibular lymph nodes, pain, hoarse voice, dry cough, difficulty breathing. Cancer is treated by surgical methods.
  • Other reasons. A lump in the throat can cause injury, too much stress when trying to cough up phlegm. The symptom of compression in the pharynx is often the result of displacement of the vertebrae, incompletely treated cold, diaphragmatic hernia, too much weight and impaired digestion. It happens that the patient injures the throat when he uses fish, and the bone is stuck in the throat. This can result in inflammation.

What if worried about the feeling of a coma in the throat? How to get rid of such a painful symptom? If you try to recover, experimenting with drugs, the consequences can be sad, because it is not known at what stage the disease is. It is necessary to establish the exact cause of the disease. To do this, contact your physician. He will schedule an examination or refer him to a specialist - otolaryngologist, endocrinologist, and neuropathologist.

At home, until a diagnosis is made to alleviate his condition, it is necessary to immediately quit smoking and drinking alcohol. Be sure to adjust your mode: do not overwork at work, sleep at the proper time. It is also worth reviewing the diet: exclude from it for a while fried, spicy, salty, fatty foods and coffee. And most importantly - learn to respond calmly to any event.

Add a comment